SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.fatal_rat (Back to overview)

FatalRat


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References
2022-03-28The Hacker NewsRavie Lakshmanan
@online{lakshmanan:20220328:purple:a7adcb0, author = {Ravie Lakshmanan}, title = {{'Purple Fox' Hackers Spotted Using New Variant of FatalRAT in Recent Malware Attacks}}, date = {2022-03-28}, organization = {The Hacker News}, url = {https://thehackernews.com/2022/03/purple-fox-hackers-spotted-using-new.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-29} } 'Purple Fox' Hackers Spotted Using New Variant of FatalRAT in Recent Malware Attacks
DirtyMoe FatalRat PurpleFox
2022-03-25Trend MicroSherif Magdy, Abdelrhman Sharshar, Jay Yaneza
@online{magdy:20220325:purple:6bf07f5, author = {Sherif Magdy and Abdelrhman Sharshar and Jay Yaneza}, title = {{Purple Fox Uses New Arrival Vector and Improves Malware Arsenal}}, date = {2022-03-25}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/22/c/purple-fox-uses-new-arrival-vector-and-improves-malware-arsenal.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-30} } Purple Fox Uses New Arrival Vector and Improves Malware Arsenal
FatalRat
2021-08-02AT&TOfer Caspi, Javier Ruiz
@online{caspi:20210802:new:65cbd77, author = {Ofer Caspi and Javier Ruiz}, title = {{New sophisticated RAT in town: FatalRat analysis}}, date = {2021-08-02}, organization = {AT&T}, url = {https://cybersecurity.att.com/blogs/labs-research/new-sophisticated-rat-in-town-fatalrat-analysis}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-08-02} } New sophisticated RAT in town: FatalRat analysis
FatalRat
2021-06-03YouTube (0xca7)0xca7
@online{0xca7:20210603:fatalrat:b54478b, author = {0xca7}, title = {{FatalRAT: Dumping the "payload" aka. Cat vs RAT}}, date = {2021-06-03}, organization = {YouTube (0xca7)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjvnVZc11Vg}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-15} } FatalRAT: Dumping the "payload" aka. Cat vs RAT
FatalRat
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_fatal_rat_auto (20230125 | Detects win.fatal_rat.)
rule win_fatal_rat_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2023-01-25"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.fatal_rat."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.fatal_rat"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20230124"
        malpedia_hash = "2ee0eebba83dce3d019a90519f2f972c0fcf9686"
        malpedia_version = "20230125"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 85c0 59 7426 57 8d45a0 53 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   7426                 | je                  0x28
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8d45a0               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x60]
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_1 = { 53 50 53 53 53 53 681c000900 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   681c000900           | push                0x9001c

        $sequence_2 = { c645fc01 51 8bc8 ff15???????? 50 ff15???????? 8d4dd0 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   c645fc01             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 4], 1
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   8bc8                 | mov                 ecx, eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8d4dd0               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x30]

        $sequence_3 = { 6a01 50 ff15???????? 894608 8bc6 5e 5d }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   894608               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 8], eax
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp

        $sequence_4 = { 80241e00 8bc7 5e eb02 8bc7 5f 5b }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   80241e00             | and                 byte ptr [esi + ebx], 0
            //   8bc7                 | mov                 eax, edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   eb02                 | jmp                 4
            //   8bc7                 | mov                 eax, edi
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx

        $sequence_5 = { 8d4dfc 51 6a28 50 ff15???????? 85c0 0f8482000000 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d4dfc               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 4]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   6a28                 | push                0x28
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   0f8482000000         | je                  0x88

        $sequence_6 = { 8945ec 40 4b 48 43 8d85c0feffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   8945ec               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x14], eax
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   4b                   | dec                 ebx
            //   48                   | dec                 eax
            //   43                   | inc                 ebx
            //   8d85c0feffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x140]

        $sequence_7 = { 740f 807d0b00 7509 66c7856cfcffff0900 668b856cfcffff 66898594fcffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   740f                 | je                  0x11
            //   807d0b00             | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp + 0xb], 0
            //   7509                 | jne                 0xb
            //   66c7856cfcffff0900     | mov    word ptr [ebp - 0x394], 9
            //   668b856cfcffff       | mov                 ax, word ptr [ebp - 0x394]
            //   66898594fcffff       | mov                 word ptr [ebp - 0x36c], ax

        $sequence_8 = { 33c2 33d2 89442418 8ad4 8a4c241a 8b0c8db0e10110 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   33c2                 | xor                 eax, edx
            //   33d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   89442418             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x18], eax
            //   8ad4                 | mov                 dl, ah
            //   8a4c241a             | mov                 cl, byte ptr [esp + 0x1a]
            //   8b0c8db0e10110       | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ecx*4 + 0x1001e1b0]

        $sequence_9 = { 8d85a4feffff 53 50 ff15???????? 6a40 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8d85a4feffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x15c]
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   6a40                 | push                0x40

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 344064
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_fatal_rat_w0   (20210820 | Detects FatalRAT, unpacked malware.)
rule win_fatal_rat_w0 {
    meta: 
        author = "AT&T Alien Labs" 
        description = "Detects FatalRAT, unpacked malware." 
        type = "malware" 
        sha256 = "ec0dcfe2d8380a4bafadb3ed73b546cbf73ef78f893e32202042a5818b67ce56" 
        reference = "https://cybersecurity.att.com/blogs/labs-research/new-sophisticated-rat-in-town-fatalrat-analysis"
        copyright = "Alienvault Inc. 2021" 
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.fatal_rat"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20210820"
        malpedia_version = "20210820"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
    strings: 
        $decrypt_func = {EC 0F B6 45 10 99 B9 AB 05 00 00 56 F7 F9 8B 75 0C 80 C2 3D 85 F6 76 0F 8B 45 08 8A 08 32 CA 02 CA 88 08 40 4E 75 F4 5E 5D C3} 
        $s1 = "SVP7-Thread running..." 
        $s2 = "nw_elf.dll" 
    condition: 
        uint16(0) == 0x5a4d and all of them
}
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