SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.cmstar (Back to overview)

CMSTAR

aka: meciv

There is no description at this point.

References
2018-02-13Twitter (@ClearskySec)ClearSky
@online{clearsky:20180213:enfal:e063cf1, author = {ClearSky}, title = {{Tweet on Enfal loader}}, date = {2018-02-13}, organization = {Twitter (@ClearskySec)}, url = {https://twitter.com/ClearskySec/status/963829930776723461}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-10} } Tweet on Enfal loader
CMSTAR
2017-09-28Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Josh Grunzweig, Robert Falcone
@online{grunzweig:20170928:threat:835bf8e, author = {Josh Grunzweig and Robert Falcone}, title = {{Threat Actors Target Government of Belarus Using CMSTAR Trojan}}, date = {2017-09-28}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/09/unit42-threat-actors-target-government-belarus-using-cmstar-trojan}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Threat Actors Target Government of Belarus Using CMSTAR Trojan
BYEBY CMSTAR
2016-03-14Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Josh Grunzweig, Robert Falcone, Bryan Lee
@online{grunzweig:20160314:digital:b6ddc60, author = {Josh Grunzweig and Robert Falcone and Bryan Lee}, title = {{Digital Quartermaster Scenario Demonstrated in Attacks Against the Mongolian Government}}, date = {2016-03-14}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/03/digital-quartermaster-scenario-demonstrated-in-attacks-against-the-mongolian-government/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Digital Quartermaster Scenario Demonstrated in Attacks Against the Mongolian Government
BBSRAT CMSTAR
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_cmstar_auto (20201023 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_cmstar_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-12-22"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.cmstar"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20201222"
        malpedia_hash = "30354d830a29f0fbd3714d93d94dea941d77a130"
        malpedia_version = "20201023"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8945e8 ff75e4 8b45e8 ff75e0 ff30 e8???????? 8b4df8 }
            // n = 7, score = 800
            //   8945e8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x18], eax
            //   ff75e4               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c]
            //   8b45e8               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x18]
            //   ff75e0               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x20]
            //   ff30                 | push                dword ptr [eax]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b4df8               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]

        $sequence_1 = { 8b4dec c1e802 6a04 52 8d0481 }
            // n = 5, score = 800
            //   8b4dec               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x14]
            //   c1e802               | shr                 eax, 2
            //   6a04                 | push                4
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8d0481               | lea                 eax, [ecx + eax*4]

        $sequence_2 = { 836dfc10 ff75fc 8945e0 8b45dc 83c310 8945e4 }
            // n = 6, score = 800
            //   836dfc10             | sub                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0x10
            //   ff75fc               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8945e0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x20], eax
            //   8b45dc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x24]
            //   83c310               | add                 ebx, 0x10
            //   8945e4               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c], eax

        $sequence_3 = { ff15???????? 8bc6 e9???????? 6a10 8d45d0 53 }
            // n = 6, score = 800
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   6a10                 | push                0x10
            //   8d45d0               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x30]
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_4 = { ff15???????? 6a04 e8???????? be00040000 }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   6a04                 | push                4
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   be00040000           | mov                 esi, 0x400

        $sequence_5 = { 56 bb04010000 57 53 }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   bb04010000           | mov                 ebx, 0x104
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_6 = { ff15???????? 6a03 58 5f 5e 5b c9 }
            // n = 7, score = 800
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   6a03                 | push                3
            //   58                   | pop                 eax
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   c9                   | leave               

        $sequence_7 = { 85c0 7504 6a03 eb0d 803b4d }
            // n = 5, score = 800
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7504                 | jne                 6
            //   6a03                 | push                3
            //   eb0d                 | jmp                 0xf
            //   803b4d               | cmp                 byte ptr [ebx], 0x4d

        $sequence_8 = { 33c0 8b8c2420050000 5f 5e 5d }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   8b8c2420050000       | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x520]
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp

        $sequence_9 = { 50 ffd7 8b8c24d8120000 5f 3bcb 5d 741c }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ffd7                 | call                edi
            //   8b8c24d8120000       | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x12d8]
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   3bcb                 | cmp                 ecx, ebx
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   741c                 | je                  0x1e

        $sequence_10 = { 50 ff15???????? 837c241002 7514 8b542404 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   837c241002           | cmp                 dword ptr [esp + 0x10], 2
            //   7514                 | jne                 0x16
            //   8b542404             | mov                 edx, dword ptr [esp + 4]

        $sequence_11 = { f2ae f7d1 49 741e 8a441420 bf???????? 888284420010 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   f2ae                 | repne scasb         al, byte ptr es:[edi]
            //   f7d1                 | not                 ecx
            //   49                   | dec                 ecx
            //   741e                 | je                  0x20
            //   8a441420             | mov                 al, byte ptr [esp + edx + 0x20]
            //   bf????????           |                     
            //   888284420010         | mov                 byte ptr [edx + 0x10004284], al

        $sequence_12 = { 49 8bfe 68???????? 884431ec }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   49                   | dec                 ecx
            //   8bfe                 | mov                 edi, esi
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   884431ec             | mov                 byte ptr [ecx + esi - 0x14], al

        $sequence_13 = { c68424cc12000002 8b11 b9???????? 52 53 50 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   c68424cc12000002     | mov                 byte ptr [esp + 0x12cc], 2
            //   8b11                 | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ecx]
            //   b9????????           |                     
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_14 = { f3ab 8bac2418010000 33f6 66ab aa 8bdd 8d442414 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   f3ab                 | rep stosd           dword ptr es:[edi], eax
            //   8bac2418010000       | mov                 ebp, dword ptr [esp + 0x118]
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   66ab                 | stosw               word ptr es:[edi], ax
            //   aa                   | stosb               byte ptr es:[edi], al
            //   8bdd                 | mov                 ebx, ebp
            //   8d442414             | lea                 eax, [esp + 0x14]

        $sequence_15 = { f7d1 49 750b 5f 5e }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   f7d1                 | not                 ecx
            //   49                   | dec                 ecx
            //   750b                 | jne                 0xd
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 4268032
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_cmstar_w0   (20170413 | Detects CMStar Malware)
import "pe"

rule win_cmstar_w0 {
    meta:
        description = "Detects CMStar Malware"
        author = "Florian Roth"
        reference = "https://goo.gl/pTffPA"
        date = "2017-10-03"
        hash = "16697c95db5add6c1c23b2591b9d8eec5ed96074d057b9411f0b57a54af298d5"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.cmstar"
        malpedia_version = "20170413"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
    strings:
        $s1 = "UpdateService.tmp" fullword ascii
        $s2 = "StateNum:%d,FileSize:%d" fullword ascii
    condition:
        uint16(0) == 0x5a4d and filesize < 100KB and (pe.imphash() == "22021985de78a48ea8fb82a2ff9eb693" or pe.exports("WinCred") or all of them)
}
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