SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

Temper Panda  (Back to overview)

aka: Admin338, Team338, MAGNESIUM, admin@338

China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors. This threat actor targets prodemocratic activists and organizations in Hong Kong, European and international financial institutions, and a U.S.-based think tank.


Associated Families
win.poison_ivy win.bubblewrap win.lowball win.bozok

References
2020-10-01US-CERTUS-CERT
@online{uscert:20201001:alert:a46c3d4, author = {US-CERT}, title = {{Alert (AA20-275A): Potential for China Cyber Response to Heightened U.S.-China Tensions}}, date = {2020-10-01}, organization = {US-CERT}, url = {https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ncas/alerts/aa20-275a}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-10-04} } Alert (AA20-275A): Potential for China Cyber Response to Heightened U.S.-China Tensions
CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike Empire Downloader MimiKatz Poison Ivy
2020-09-16RiskIQJon Gross
@online{gross:20200916:riskiq:da4b864, author = {Jon Gross}, title = {{RiskIQ: Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 2}}, date = {2020-09-16}, organization = {RiskIQ}, url = {https://community.riskiq.com/article/56fa1b2f}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } RiskIQ: Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 2
8.t Dropper Chinoxy Poison Ivy
2020-03-12Check PointCheck Point Research
@online{research:20200312:vicious:3218bb8, author = {Check Point Research}, title = {{Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign}}, date = {2020-03-12}, organization = {Check Point}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2020/vicious-panda-the-covid-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign
8.t Dropper BYEBY Enfal Korlia Poison Ivy
2020-03-02Virus BulletinAlex Hinchliffe
@online{hinchliffe:20200302:pulling:35771e7, author = {Alex Hinchliffe}, title = {{Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary}}, date = {2020-03-02}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/03/vb2019-paper-pulling-pkplug-adversary-playbook-long-standing-espionage-activity-chinese-nation-state-adversary/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-02} } Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary
HenBox Farseer PlugX Poison Ivy
2020-01-29nao_sec blognao_sec
@online{naosec:20200129:overhead:ec0aeb5, author = {nao_sec}, title = {{An Overhead View of the Royal Road}}, date = {2020-01-29}, organization = {nao_sec blog}, url = {https://nao-sec.org/2020/01/an-overhead-view-of-the-royal-road.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } An Overhead View of the Royal Road
BLACKCOFFEE Cotx RAT Datper DDKONG Derusbi Icefog Korlia NewCore RAT PLAINTEE Poison Ivy Sisfader
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4db27ec, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE UNION}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-union}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE UNION
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER Enfal Ghost RAT HttpBrowser HyperBro owaauth PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell LuckyMouse
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:65ecf8a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE KEYSTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-keystone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE KEYSTONE
9002 RAT BLACKCOFFEE DeputyDog Derusbi HiKit PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell Aurora Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:aluminum:af22ffd, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{ALUMINUM SARATOGA}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/aluminum-saratoga}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } ALUMINUM SARATOGA
BlackShades DarkComet Xtreme RAT Poison Ivy Quasar RAT Molerats
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:66f1290, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE RIVERSIDE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-riverside}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE RIVERSIDE
Anel ChChes Cobalt Strike PlugX Poison Ivy Quasar RAT RedLeaves Stone Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:972c13a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FIRESTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-firestone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FIRESTONE
9002 RAT Derusbi Empire Downloader PlugX Poison Ivy Shell Crew
2019-08-12Kindred SecurityKindred Security
@online{security:20190812:overview:0726c0a, author = {Kindred Security}, title = {{An Overview of Public Platform C2’s}}, date = {2019-08-12}, organization = {Kindred Security}, url = {https://kindredsec.com/2019/08/12/an-overview-of-public-platform-c2s/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } An Overview of Public Platform C2’s
HTML5 Encoding LOWBALL Makadocs MiniDuke RogueRobinNET RokRAT
2019-06-25CybereasonCybereason Nocturnus
@online{nocturnus:20190625:operation:21efa8f, author = {Cybereason Nocturnus}, title = {{OPERATION SOFT CELL: A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN AGAINST TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS}}, date = {2019-06-25}, organization = {Cybereason}, url = {https://www.cybereason.com/blog/operation-soft-cell-a-worldwide-campaign-against-telecommunications-providers}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } OPERATION SOFT CELL: A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN AGAINST TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS
MimiKatz Poison Ivy Operation Soft Cell
2019MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:2019:admin338:c8e4d93, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Group description: admin@338}}, date = {2019}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0018/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Group description: admin@338
Temper Panda
2019Council on Foreign RelationsCyber Operations Tracker
@online{tracker:2019:admin338:bffdfdd, author = {Cyber Operations Tracker}, title = {{admin@338}}, date = {2019}, organization = {Council on Foreign Relations}, url = {https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/admin338}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } admin@338
Temper Panda
2019MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:2019:tool:ae50919, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Tool description: BUBBLEWRAP}}, date = {2019}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/software/S0043/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Tool description: BUBBLEWRAP
BUBBLEWRAP
2019Virus BulletinLion Gu, Bowen Pan
@techreport{gu:2019:vine:df5dbfb, author = {Lion Gu and Bowen Pan}, title = {{A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China}}, date = {2019}, institution = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/uploads/pdf/conference_slides/2019/VB2019-GuPan.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China
Poison Ivy ZXShell
2018-09-21Qihoo 360 TechnologyQihoo 360
@online{360:20180921:poison:d1cab92, author = {Qihoo 360}, title = {{Poison Ivy Group and the Cyberespionage Campaign Against Chinese Military and Goverment}}, date = {2018-09-21}, organization = {Qihoo 360 Technology}, url = {http://blogs.360.cn/post/APT_C_01_en.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-29} } Poison Ivy Group and the Cyberespionage Campaign Against Chinese Military and Goverment
Poison Ivy
2018-05-15BSides DetroitKeven Murphy, Stefano Maccaglia
@online{murphy:20180515:ir:ac5b561, author = {Keven Murphy and Stefano Maccaglia}, title = {{IR in Heterogeneous Environment}}, date = {2018-05-15}, organization = {BSides Detroit}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/StefanoMaccaglia/bsides-ir-in-heterogeneous-environment}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-20} } IR in Heterogeneous Environment
Korlia Poison Ivy
2017-09-15FortinetXiaopeng Zhang
@online{zhang:20170915:deep:5178fe3, author = {Xiaopeng Zhang}, title = {{Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy/PlugX Variant - Part II}}, date = {2017-09-15}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {https://blog.fortinet.com/2017/09/15/deep-analysis-of-new-poison-ivy-plugx-variant-part-ii}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy/PlugX Variant - Part II
Poison Ivy
2017-08-31NCC GroupAhmed Zaki
@online{zaki:20170831:analysing:4c77e47, author = {Ahmed Zaki}, title = {{Analysing a recent Poison Ivy sample}}, date = {2017-08-31}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2017/august/analysing-a-recent-poison-ivy-sample/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Analysing a recent Poison Ivy sample
Poison Ivy
2017-08-23FortinetXiaopeng Zhang
@online{zhang:20170823:deep:3d931ad, author = {Xiaopeng Zhang}, title = {{Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy Variant}}, date = {2017-08-23}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {http://blog.fortinet.com/2017/08/23/deep-analysis-of-new-poison-ivy-variant}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy Variant
Poison Ivy
2016-11-22Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Vicky Ray, Robert Falcone, Jen Miller-Osborn, Tom Lancaster
@online{ray:20161122:tropic:7f503e7, author = {Vicky Ray and Robert Falcone and Jen Miller-Osborn and Tom Lancaster}, title = {{Tropic Trooper Targets Taiwanese Government and Fossil Fuel Provider With Poison Ivy}}, date = {2016-11-22}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/11/unit42-tropic-trooper-targets-taiwanese-government-and-fossil-fuel-provider-with-poison-ivy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Tropic Trooper Targets Taiwanese Government and Fossil Fuel Provider With Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy
2016-04-26Github (CyberMonitor)Jason Jones
@techreport{jones:20160426:new:78ff145, author = {Jason Jones}, title = {{New Poison Ivy Activity Targeting Myanmar, Asian Countries}}, date = {2016-04-26}, institution = {Github (CyberMonitor)}, url = {https://github.com/CyberMonitor/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin_Collections/blob/master/2016/2016.04.26.New_Poison_Ivy_Activity_Targeting_Myanmar_Asian_Countries/New%20Poison%20Ivy%20Activity%20Targeting%20Myanmar%2C%20Asian%20Countries.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } New Poison Ivy Activity Targeting Myanmar, Asian Countries
Poison Ivy
2016-04-22Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Micah Yates, Mike Scott, Brandon Levene, Jen Miller-Osborn
@online{yates:20160422:new:249e32b, author = {Micah Yates and Mike Scott and Brandon Levene and Jen Miller-Osborn}, title = {{New Poison Ivy RAT Variant Targets Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Activists}}, date = {2016-04-22}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/04/unit42-new-poison-ivy-rat-variant-targets-hong-kong-pro-democracy-activists/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } New Poison Ivy RAT Variant Targets Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Activists
Poison Ivy
2016-03-25Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone, Simon Conant
@online{falcone:20160325:projectm:afcff3a, author = {Robert Falcone and Simon Conant}, title = {{ProjectM: Link Found Between Pakistani Actor and Operation Transparent Tribe}}, date = {2016-03-25}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/unit42-projectm-link-found-between-pakistani-actor-and-operation-transparent-tribe}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } ProjectM: Link Found Between Pakistani Actor and Operation Transparent Tribe
Bozok Operation C-Major
2015-12-01FireEyeFireEye Threat Intelligence
@online{intelligence:20151201:chinabased:8836a81, author = {FireEye Threat Intelligence}, title = {{China-based Cyber Threat Group Uses Dropbox for Malware Communications and Targets Hong Kong Media Outlets}}, date = {2015-12-01}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2015/11/china-based-threat.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } China-based Cyber Threat Group Uses Dropbox for Malware Communications and Targets Hong Kong Media Outlets
BUBBLEWRAP LOWBALL Temper Panda
2015-02-06CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20150206:crowdstrike:fbcc37f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014}}, date = {2015-02-06}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20200509171721/https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fdiskyou/threat-INTel/master/2015/GlobalThreatIntelReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-11} } CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014
BlackPOS CryptoLocker Derusbi Elise Enfal EvilGrab Gameover P2P HttpBrowser Medusa Mirage Naikon NetTraveler pirpi PlugX Poison Ivy Sakula RAT Sinowal sykipot taidoor
2014-09-19Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Jen Miller-Osborn, Ryan Olson
@online{millerosborn:20140919:recent:edf1ed3, author = {Jen Miller-Osborn and Ryan Olson}, title = {{Recent Watering Hole Attacks Attributed to APT Group “th3bug” Using Poison Ivy}}, date = {2014-09-19}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2014/09/recent-watering-hole-attacks-attributed-apt-group-th3bug-using-poison-ivy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Recent Watering Hole Attacks Attributed to APT Group “th3bug” Using Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy
2013-10-31FireEyeThoufique Haq, Ned Moran
@online{haq:20131031:know:e772ee9, author = {Thoufique Haq and Ned Moran}, title = {{Know Your Enemy: Tracking A Rapidly Evolving APT Actor}}, date = {2013-10-31}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/10/know-your-enemy-tracking-a-rapidly-evolving-apt-actor.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Know Your Enemy: Tracking A Rapidly Evolving APT Actor
Bozok Poison Ivy Temper Panda
2013-08-23FireEyeNart Villeneuve, Thoufique Haq, Ned Moran
@online{villeneuve:20130823:operation:dc4b5d6, author = {Nart Villeneuve and Thoufique Haq and Ned Moran}, title = {{Operation Molerats: Middle East Cyber Attacks Using Poison Ivy}}, date = {2013-08-23}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/08/operation-molerats-middle-east-cyber-attacks-using-poison-ivy.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Operation Molerats: Middle East Cyber Attacks Using Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy Molerats
2011SymantecErica Eng, Gavin O'Gorman
@techreport{eng:2011:nitro:656e464, author = {Erica Eng and Gavin O'Gorman}, title = {{The Nitro Attacks: Stealing Secrets from the Chemical Industry}}, date = {2011}, institution = {Symantec}, url = {https://paper.seebug.org/papers/APT/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin/2011/the_nitro_attacks.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } The Nitro Attacks: Stealing Secrets from the Chemical Industry
Poison Ivy Nitro

Credits: MISP Project