SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.headertip (Back to overview)

HeaderTip


The Chinese threat actor "Scarab" is using a custom backdoor dubbed "HeaderTip" according to SentinelLABS. This malware may be the successor of "Scieron".

References
2022-04-14BlackberryThe BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team
@online{team:20220414:threat:df1d332, author = {The BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team}, title = {{Threat Thursday: HeaderTip Backdoor Shows Attackers from China Preying on Ukraine}}, date = {2022-04-14}, organization = {Blackberry}, url = {https://blogs.blackberry.com/en/2022/04/threat-thursday-headertip-backdoor-shows-attackers-from-china-preying-on-ukraine}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-15} } Threat Thursday: HeaderTip Backdoor Shows Attackers from China Preying on Ukraine
HeaderTip
2022-04-05eSentireeSentire Threat Response Unit (TRU)
@online{tru:20220405:esentire:93d09ff, author = {eSentire Threat Response Unit (TRU)}, title = {{eSentire Threat Intelligence Malware Analysis: HeaderTip}}, date = {2022-04-05}, organization = {eSentire}, url = {https://www.esentire.com/blog/esentire-threat-intelligence-malware-analysis-headertip}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-23} } eSentire Threat Intelligence Malware Analysis: HeaderTip
HeaderTip
2022-03-25GOV.UAState Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine (CIP)
@online{cip:20220325:who:e75f0ac, author = {State Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine (CIP)}, title = {{Who is behind the Cyberattacks on Ukraine's Critical Information Infrastructure: Statistics for March 15-22}}, date = {2022-03-25}, organization = {GOV.UA}, url = {https://cip.gov.ua/en/news/khto-stoyit-za-kiberatakami-na-ukrayinsku-kritichnu-informaciinu-infrastrukturu-statistika-15-22-bereznya}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-28} } Who is behind the Cyberattacks on Ukraine's Critical Information Infrastructure: Statistics for March 15-22
Xloader Agent Tesla CaddyWiper Cobalt Strike DoubleZero GraphSteel GrimPlant HeaderTip HermeticWiper IsaacWiper MicroBackdoor Pandora
2022-03-24Sentinel LABSTom Hegel
@online{hegel:20220324:chinese:d541fb8, author = {Tom Hegel}, title = {{Chinese Threat Actor Scarab Targeting Ukraine}}, date = {2022-03-24}, organization = {Sentinel LABS}, url = {https://www.sentinelone.com/labs/chinese-threat-actor-scarab-targeting-ukraine/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-25} } Chinese Threat Actor Scarab Targeting Ukraine
HeaderTip Scieron
2022-03-22Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20220322:uac0026:526ce2b, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Uac-0026 cyberattack using HeaderTip malware (CERT-UA#4244)}}, date = {2022-03-22}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/article/38097}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2022-04-04} } Uac-0026 cyberattack using HeaderTip malware (CERT-UA#4244)
HeaderTip
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_headertip_auto (20220516 | Detects win.headertip.)
rule win_headertip_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-05-16"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.headertip."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.headertip"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20220513"
        malpedia_hash = "7f4b2229e6ae614d86d74917f6d5b41890e62a26"
        malpedia_version = "20220516"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { c645c06e c645c157 885dc2 c6458449 c645856e c6458674 c6458765 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   c645c06e             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x40], 0x6e
            //   c645c157             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x3f], 0x57
            //   885dc2               | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x3e], bl
            //   c6458449             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x7c], 0x49
            //   c645856e             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x7b], 0x6e
            //   c6458674             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x7a], 0x74
            //   c6458765             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x79], 0x65

        $sequence_1 = { 57 ff15???????? 59 eb32 ffd6 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   eb32                 | jmp                 0x34
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi

        $sequence_2 = { c6451c73 c6451d74 c6451e45 c6451f72 c6452072 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   c6451c73             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp + 0x1c], 0x73
            //   c6451d74             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp + 0x1d], 0x74
            //   c6451e45             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp + 0x1e], 0x45
            //   c6451f72             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp + 0x1f], 0x72
            //   c6452072             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp + 0x20], 0x72

        $sequence_3 = { c6458d75 c6458e65 c6458f72 c6459079 c645914f c6459270 c6459374 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   c6458d75             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x73], 0x75
            //   c6458e65             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x72], 0x65
            //   c6458f72             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x71], 0x72
            //   c6459079             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x70], 0x79
            //   c645914f             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x6f], 0x4f
            //   c6459270             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x6e], 0x70
            //   c6459374             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x6d], 0x74

        $sequence_4 = { 8945f8 ff15???????? e9???????? 55 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   55                   | push                ebp

        $sequence_5 = { 894df4 8955fc f7c60000ffff 7513 81e6ffff0000 2b7010 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   894df4               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xc], ecx
            //   8955fc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], edx
            //   f7c60000ffff         | test                esi, 0xffff0000
            //   7513                 | jne                 0x15
            //   81e6ffff0000         | and                 esi, 0xffff
            //   2b7010               | sub                 esi, dword ptr [eax + 0x10]

        $sequence_6 = { eb96 57 57 ff761c e8???????? 59 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   eb96                 | jmp                 0xffffff98
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   ff761c               | push                dword ptr [esi + 0x1c]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx

        $sequence_7 = { 33c0 40 e9???????? 8d4560 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d4560               | lea                 eax, [ebp + 0x60]

        $sequence_8 = { 53 6a01 eb0a 53 53 ff15???????? 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   eb0a                 | jmp                 0xc
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_9 = { c645ae65 885daf 391d???????? 7408 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   c645ae65             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x52], 0x65
            //   885daf               | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x51], bl
            //   391d????????         |                     
            //   7408                 | je                  0xa

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 174080
}
Download all Yara Rules