SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.cobalt_strike (Back to overview)

Cobalt Strike

aka: Agentemis, BEACON

Actor(s): APT 29, APT32, APT41, Anunak, Cobalt, Codoso, CopyKittens, FIN6, Leviathan, Shell Crew, Stone Panda, Winnti Umbrella

URLhaus      

Cobalt Strike is a paid penetration testing product that allows an attacker to deploy an agent named 'Beacon' on the victim machine. Beacon includes a wealth of functionality to the attacker, including, but not limited to command execution, key logging, file transfer, SOCKS proxying, privilege escalation, mimikatz, port scanning and lateral movement. Beacon is in-memory/file-less, in that it consists of stageless or multi-stage shellcode that once loaded by exploiting a vulnerability or executing a shellcode loader, will reflectively load itself into the memory of a process without touching the disk. It supports C2 and staging over HTTP, HTTPS, DNS, SMB named pipes as well as forward and reverse TCP; Beacons can be daisy-chained. Cobalt Strike comes with a toolkit for developing shellcode loaders, called Artifact Kit.

The Beacon implant has become popular amongst targeted attackers and criminal users as it is well written, stable, and highly customizable.

References
2020-06-23NCC GroupNikolaos Pantazopoulos, Stefano Antenucci, Michael Sandee
@online{pantazopoulos:20200623:wastedlocker:112d6b3, author = {Nikolaos Pantazopoulos and Stefano Antenucci and Michael Sandee}, title = {{WastedLocker: A New Ransomware Variant Developed By The Evil Corp Group}}, date = {2020-06-23}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://research.nccgroup.com/2020/06/23/wastedlocker-a-new-ransomware-variant-developed-by-the-evil-corp-group/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-23} } WastedLocker: A New Ransomware Variant Developed By The Evil Corp Group
Cobalt Strike ISFB WastedLocker
2020-06-23SymantecCritical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team
@online{team:20200623:sodinokibi:7eff193, author = {Critical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team}, title = {{Sodinokibi: Ransomware Attackers also Scanning for PoS Software, Leveraging Cobalt Strike}}, date = {2020-06-23}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/sodinokibi-ransomware-cobalt-strike-pos}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-23} } Sodinokibi: Ransomware Attackers also Scanning for PoS Software, Leveraging Cobalt Strike
Cobalt Strike REvil
2020-06-22Talos IntelligenceAsheer Malhotra
@online{malhotra:20200622:indigodrop:6d5e7e1, author = {Asheer Malhotra}, title = {{IndigoDrop spreads via military-themed lures to deliver Cobalt Strike}}, date = {2020-06-22}, organization = {Talos Intelligence}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/06/indigodrop-maldocs-cobalt-strike.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-24} } IndigoDrop spreads via military-themed lures to deliver Cobalt Strike
Cobalt Strike IndigoDrop
2020-06-22Sentinel LABSJoshua Platt, Jason Reaves
@online{platt:20200622:inside:b381dd5, author = {Joshua Platt and Jason Reaves}, title = {{Inside a TrickBot Cobalt Strike Attack Server}}, date = {2020-06-22}, organization = {Sentinel LABS}, url = {https://labs.sentinelone.com/inside-a-trickbot-cobaltstrike-attack-server/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-23} } Inside a TrickBot Cobalt Strike Attack Server
Cobalt Strike TrickBot
2020-06-19Youtube (Raphael Mudge)Raphael Mudge
@online{mudge:20200619:beacon:bc8ae77, author = {Raphael Mudge}, title = {{Beacon Object Files - Luser Demo}}, date = {2020-06-19}, organization = {Youtube (Raphael Mudge)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfYswA_Ronw}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-23} } Beacon Object Files - Luser Demo
Cobalt Strike
2020-06-19ZscalerAtinderpal Singh, Nirmal Singh, Sahil Antil
@online{singh:20200619:targeted:05d8d31, author = {Atinderpal Singh and Nirmal Singh and Sahil Antil}, title = {{Targeted Attack Leverages India-China Border Dispute to Lure Victims}}, date = {2020-06-19}, organization = {Zscaler}, url = {https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/research/targeted-attack-leverages-india-china-border-dispute-lure-victims}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-21} } Targeted Attack Leverages India-China Border Dispute to Lure Victims
Cobalt Strike
2020-06-18Australian Cyber Security CentreAustralian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC)
@techreport{acsc:20200618:advisory:ed0f53c, author = {Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC)}, title = {{Advisory 2020-008: Copy-Paste Compromises –tactics, techniques and procedures used to target multiple Australian networks}}, date = {2020-06-18}, institution = {Australian Cyber Security Centre}, url = {https://www.cyber.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-06/ACSC-Advisory-2020-008-Copy-Paste-Compromises.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-19} } Advisory 2020-008: Copy-Paste Compromises –tactics, techniques and procedures used to target multiple Australian networks
TwoFace Cobalt Strike Empire Downloader
2020-06-17MalwarebytesHossein Jazi, Jérôme Segura
@online{jazi:20200617:multistage:6358f3f, author = {Hossein Jazi and Jérôme Segura}, title = {{Multi-stage APT attack drops Cobalt Strike using Malleable C2 feature}}, date = {2020-06-17}, organization = {Malwarebytes}, url = {https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2020/06/multi-stage-apt-attack-drops-cobalt-strike-using-malleable-c2-feature/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-19} } Multi-stage APT attack drops Cobalt Strike using Malleable C2 feature
Cobalt Strike
2020-06-15NCC GroupExploit Development Group
@online{group:20200615:striking:8fdf4bb, author = {Exploit Development Group}, title = {{Striking Back at Retired Cobalt Strike: A look at a legacy vulnerability}}, date = {2020-06-15}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://research.nccgroup.com/2020/06/15/striking-back-at-retired-cobalt-strike-a-look-at-a-legacy-vulnerability/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-16} } Striking Back at Retired Cobalt Strike: A look at a legacy vulnerability
Cobalt Strike
2020-05-14Lab52Dex
@online{dex:20200514:energy:43e92b4, author = {Dex}, title = {{The energy reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and a malicious campaign of APT10 against Turkey}}, date = {2020-05-14}, organization = {Lab52}, url = {https://lab52.io/blog/the-energy-reserves-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea-and-a-malicious-campaign-of-apt10-against-turkey/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-10} } The energy reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and a malicious campaign of APT10 against Turkey
Cobalt Strike HTran MimiKatz PlugX Quasar RAT
2020-05-11SentinelOneGal Kristal
@online{kristal:20200511:anatomy:4ece947, author = {Gal Kristal}, title = {{The Anatomy of an APT Attack and CobaltStrike Beacon’s Encoded Configuration}}, date = {2020-05-11}, organization = {SentinelOne}, url = {https://labs.sentinelone.com/the-anatomy-of-an-apt-attack-and-cobaltstrike-beacons-encoded-configuration/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-13} } The Anatomy of an APT Attack and CobaltStrike Beacon’s Encoded Configuration
Cobalt Strike
2020-04-24The DFIR ReportThe DFIR Report
@online{report:20200424:ursnif:e983798, author = {The DFIR Report}, title = {{Ursnif via LOLbins}}, date = {2020-04-24}, organization = {The DFIR Report}, url = {https://thedfirreport.com/2020/04/24/ursnif-via-lolbins/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-15} } Ursnif via LOLbins
Cobalt Strike LOLSnif
2020-04-02DarktraceMax Heinemeyer
@online{heinemeyer:20200402:catching:b7f137d, author = {Max Heinemeyer}, title = {{Catching APT41 exploiting a zero-day vulnerability}}, date = {2020-04-02}, organization = {Darktrace}, url = {https://www.darktrace.com/en/blog/catching-apt-41-exploiting-a-zero-day-vulnerability/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-13} } Catching APT41 exploiting a zero-day vulnerability
Cobalt Strike
2020-03-26VMWare Carbon BlackScott Knight
@online{knight:20200326:dukes:df85f94, author = {Scott Knight}, title = {{The Dukes of Moscow}}, date = {2020-03-26}, organization = {VMWare Carbon Black}, url = {https://www.carbonblack.com/2020/03/26/the-dukes-of-moscow/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } The Dukes of Moscow
Cobalt Strike LiteDuke MiniDuke OnionDuke PolyglotDuke PowerDuke
2020-03-25FireEyeChristopher Glyer, Dan Perez, Sarah Jones, Steve Miller
@online{glyer:20200325:this:0bc322f, author = {Christopher Glyer and Dan Perez and Sarah Jones and Steve Miller}, title = {{This Is Not a Test: APT41 Initiates Global Intrusion Campaign Using Multiple Exploits}}, date = {2020-03-25}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2020/03/apt41-initiates-global-intrusion-campaign-using-multiple-exploits.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-14} } This Is Not a Test: APT41 Initiates Global Intrusion Campaign Using Multiple Exploits
Speculoos Cobalt Strike
2020-03-25Wilbur SecurityJW
@online{jw:20200325:trickbot:17b0dc3, author = {JW}, title = {{Trickbot to Ryuk in Two Hours}}, date = {2020-03-25}, organization = {Wilbur Security}, url = {https://www.wilbursecurity.com/2020/03/trickbot-to-ryuk-in-two-hours/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-26} } Trickbot to Ryuk in Two Hours
Cobalt Strike Ryuk TrickBot
2020-03-22Malware and StuffAndreas Klopsch
@online{klopsch:20200322:mustang:56f3768, author = {Andreas Klopsch}, title = {{Mustang Panda joins the COVID-19 bandwagon}}, date = {2020-03-22}, organization = {Malware and Stuff}, url = {https://malwareandstuff.com/mustang-panda-joins-the-covid19-bandwagon/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-27} } Mustang Panda joins the COVID-19 bandwagon
Cobalt Strike
2020-03-20RECON INFOSECLuke Rusten
@online{rusten:20200320:analysis:f82a963, author = {Luke Rusten}, title = {{Analysis Of Exploitation: CVE-2020-10189 ( exploited by APT41)}}, date = {2020-03-20}, organization = {RECON INFOSEC}, url = {https://blog.reconinfosec.com/analysis-of-exploitation-cve-2020-10189/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-22} } Analysis Of Exploitation: CVE-2020-10189 ( exploited by APT41)
Cobalt Strike
2020-03-04CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20200304:2020:818c85f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report}}, date = {2020-03-04}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/Report2020CrowdStrikeGlobalThreatReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } 2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report
MESSAGETAP More_eggs 8.t Dropper Anchor BabyShark BadNews Clop Cobalt Strike CobInt Cobra Carbon System Cutwail DanaBot Dharma DoppelPaymer Dridex Emotet FlawedAmmyy FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 IcedID ISFB KerrDown LightNeuron LockerGoga Maze Necurs Nokki Outlook Backdoor Phobos Ransomware Predator The Thief QakBot REvil RobinHood Ryuk SDBbot Skipper SmokeLoader TerraRecon TerraStealer TerraTV TinyLoader TrickBot vidar Winnti ANTHROPOID SPIDER Anunak APT39 BlackTech BuhTrap Charming Kitten CLOCKWORD SPIDER DOPPEL SPIDER Gamaredon Group Judgment Panda Leviathan MONTY SPIDER Mustang Panda NARWHAL SPIDER NOCTURNAL SPIDER Pinchy Spider Pirate Panda Salty Spider SCULLY SPIDER SMOKY SPIDER Thrip VENOM SPIDER
2020-03-04Cobalt StrikeRaphael Mudge
@online{mudge:20200304:cobalt:176b61e, author = {Raphael Mudge}, title = {{Cobalt Strike joins Core Impact at HelpSystems, LLC}}, date = {2020-03-04}, organization = {Cobalt Strike}, url = {https://blog.cobaltstrike.com/2020/03/04/cobalt-strike-joins-core-impact-at-helpsystems-llc/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Cobalt Strike joins Core Impact at HelpSystems, LLC
Cobalt Strike
2020-03-03PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20200303:cyber:1f1eef0, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2020-03-03}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/assets/cyber-threats-2019-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect
KevDroid MESSAGETAP magecart AndroMut Cobalt Strike CobInt Crimson RAT DNSpionage Dridex Dtrack Emotet FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 GlobeImposter Grateful POS ISFB Kazuar LockerGoga Nokki QakBot Ramnit REvil Rifdoor RokRAT Ryuk shadowhammer ShadowPad Shifu Skipper StoneDrill Stuxnet TrickBot Winnti ZeroCleare
2020-02-19FireEyeFireEye
@online{fireeye:20200219:mtrends:193613a, author = {FireEye}, title = {{M-Trends 2020}}, date = {2020-02-19}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://content.fireeye.com/m-trends/rpt-m-trends-2020}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } M-Trends 2020
Cobalt Strike Grateful POS LockerGoga QakBot TrickBot
2020-02-18Cisco TalosVanja Svajcer
@online{svajcer:20200218:building:0a80664, author = {Vanja Svajcer}, title = {{Building a bypass with MSBuild}}, date = {2020-02-18}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/02/building-bypass-with-msbuild.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Building a bypass with MSBuild
Cobalt Strike GRUNT MimiKatz
2020-02-18Trend MicroDaniel Lunghi, Cedric Pernet, Kenney Lu, Jamz Yaneza
@online{lunghi:20200218:uncovering:93b0937, author = {Daniel Lunghi and Cedric Pernet and Kenney Lu and Jamz Yaneza}, title = {{Uncovering DRBControl: Inside the Cyberespionage Campaign Targeting Gambling Operations}}, date = {2020-02-18}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/news/cyber-attacks/operation-drbcontrol-uncovering-a-cyberespionage-campaign-targeting-gambling-companies-in-southeast-asia}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Uncovering DRBControl: Inside the Cyberespionage Campaign Targeting Gambling Operations
Cobalt Strike HyperBro PlugX Trochilus RAT
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls elf.vpnfilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:e8ad4fb, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE MOHAWK}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-mohawk}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE MOHAWK
AIRBREAK scanbox BLACKCOFFEE CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike Derusbi homefry murkytop SeDll Leviathan
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:gold:1892bc8, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{GOLD KINGSWOOD}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/gold-kingswood}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } GOLD KINGSWOOD
More_eggs ATMSpitter Cobalt Strike CobInt MimiKatz
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:tin:ccd6795, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{TIN WOODLAWN}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/tin-woodlawn}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } TIN WOODLAWN
Cobalt Strike KerrDown MimiKatz PHOREAL RatSnif Remy SOUNDBITE APT32
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:gold:97e5784, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{GOLD NIAGARA}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/gold-niagara}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } GOLD NIAGARA
Bateleur Griffon Carbanak Cobalt Strike DRIFTPIN TinyMet Anunak
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:gold:983570b, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{GOLD KINGSWOOD}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {http://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/gold-kingswood}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } GOLD KINGSWOOD
More_eggs ATMSpitter Cobalt Strike CobInt MimiKatz Cobalt
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:66f1290, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE RIVERSIDE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-riverside}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE RIVERSIDE
Anel ChChes Cobalt Strike PlugX Poison Ivy Quasar RAT RedLeaves Stone Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:1a5bdbb, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE PRESIDENT}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-president}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE PRESIDENT
CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike PlugX Mustang Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:gold:8050e44, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{GOLD DUPONT}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/gold-dupont}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } GOLD DUPONT
Cobalt Strike Defray PyXie
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-12-05Github (blackorbird)blackorbird
@techreport{blackorbird:20191205:apt32:0afe4e7, author = {blackorbird}, title = {{APT32 Report}}, date = {2019-12-05}, institution = {Github (blackorbird)}, url = {https://github.com/blackorbird/APT_REPORT/blob/master/Oceanlotus/apt32_report_2019.pdf}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } APT32 Report
Cobalt Strike
2019-12-05Raphael Mudge
@online{mudge:20191205:cobalt:219044e, author = {Raphael Mudge}, title = {{Cobalt Strike 4.0 – Bring Your Own Weaponization}}, date = {2019-12-05}, url = {https://blog.cobaltstrike.com/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-06} } Cobalt Strike 4.0 – Bring Your Own Weaponization
Cobalt Strike
2019-11-29DeloitteThomas Thomasen
@techreport{thomasen:20191129:cyber:1aae987, author = {Thomas Thomasen}, title = {{Cyber Threat Intelligence & Incident Response}}, date = {2019-11-29}, institution = {Deloitte}, url = {https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/dk/Documents/Grabngo/Aarhus_miniseminar_291118.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Cyber Threat Intelligence & Incident Response
Cobalt Strike
2019-11-05tccontre Blogtccontre
@online{tccontre:20191105:cobaltstrike:02e37af, author = {tccontre}, title = {{CobaltStrike - beacon.dll : Your No Ordinary MZ Header}}, date = {2019-11-05}, organization = {tccontre Blog}, url = {https://tccontre.blogspot.com/2019/11/cobaltstrike-beacondll-your-not.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } CobaltStrike - beacon.dll : Your No Ordinary MZ Header
Cobalt Strike
2019-09-22Check Point ResearchCheck Point Research
@online{research:20190922:rancor:e834f67, author = {Check Point Research}, title = {{Rancor: The Year of The Phish}}, date = {2019-09-22}, organization = {Check Point Research}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2019/rancor-the-year-of-the-phish/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Rancor: The Year of The Phish
8.t Dropper Cobalt Strike
2019-06-04BitdefenderBitdefender
@techreport{bitdefender:20190604:blueprint:ce0583c, author = {Bitdefender}, title = {{An APT Blueprint: Gaining New Visibility into Financial Threats}}, date = {2019-06-04}, institution = {Bitdefender}, url = {https://www.bitdefender.com/files/News/CaseStudies/study/262/Bitdefender-WhitePaper-An-APT-Blueprint-Gaining-New-Visibility-into-Financial-Threats-interactive.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } An APT Blueprint: Gaining New Visibility into Financial Threats
More_eggs Cobalt Strike
2019-05-08Verizon Communications Inc.Verizon Communications Inc.
@techreport{inc:20190508:2019:3c20a3b, author = {Verizon Communications Inc.}, title = {{2019 Data Breach Investigations Report}}, date = {2019-05-08}, institution = {Verizon Communications Inc.}, url = {https://enterprise.verizon.com/resources/reports/2019-data-breach-investigations-report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-10} } 2019 Data Breach Investigations Report
BlackEnergy Cobalt Strike DanaBot Gandcrab GreyEnergy Mirai Olympic Destroyer SamSam Unidentified 062 (Lazarus/RAT)
2019-04-24WeixinTencent
@online{tencent:20190424:sea:a722d68, author = {Tencent}, title = {{"Sea Lotus" APT organization's attack techniques against China in the first quarter of 2019 revealed}}, date = {2019-04-24}, organization = {Weixin}, url = {https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/xPsEXp2J5IE7wNSMEVC24A}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } "Sea Lotus" APT organization's attack techniques against China in the first quarter of 2019 revealed
Cobalt Strike SOUNDBITE
2019-04-15PenTestPartnersNeil Lines
@online{lines:20190415:cobalt:7b3c086, author = {Neil Lines}, title = {{Cobalt Strike. Walkthrough for Red Teamers}}, date = {2019-04-15}, organization = {PenTestPartners}, url = {https://www.pentestpartners.com/security-blog/cobalt-strike-walkthrough-for-red-teamers/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } Cobalt Strike. Walkthrough for Red Teamers
Cobalt Strike
2019-03-24One Night in NorfolkKevin Perlow
@online{perlow:20190324:jeshell:439ae8b, author = {Kevin Perlow}, title = {{JEShell: An OceanLotus (APT32) Backdoor}}, date = {2019-03-24}, organization = {One Night in Norfolk}, url = {https://norfolkinfosec.com/jeshell-an-oceanlotus-apt32-backdoor/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-19} } JEShell: An OceanLotus (APT32) Backdoor
Cobalt Strike KerrDown
2019-02-27MorphisecMichael Gorelik, Alon Groisman
@online{gorelik:20190227:new:5296a0b, author = {Michael Gorelik and Alon Groisman}, title = {{New Global Cyber Attack on Point of Sale Sytem}}, date = {2019-02-27}, organization = {Morphisec}, url = {http://blog.morphisec.com/new-global-attack-on-point-of-sale-systems}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } New Global Cyber Attack on Point of Sale Sytem
Cobalt Strike
2018-11-19FireEyeMatthew Dunwoody, Andrew Thompson, Ben Withnell, Jonathan Leathery, Michael Matonis, Nick Carr
@online{dunwoody:20181119:not:e581291, author = {Matthew Dunwoody and Andrew Thompson and Ben Withnell and Jonathan Leathery and Michael Matonis and Nick Carr}, title = {{Not So Cozy: An Uncomfortable Examination of a Suspected APT29 Phishing Campaign}}, date = {2018-11-19}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2018/11/not-so-cozy-an-uncomfortable-examination-of-a-suspected-apt29-phishing-campaign.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Not So Cozy: An Uncomfortable Examination of a Suspected APT29 Phishing Campaign
Cobalt Strike
2018-11-18Stranded on Pylos BlogJoe
@online{joe:20181118:cozybear:4801301, author = {Joe}, title = {{CozyBear – In from the Cold?}}, date = {2018-11-18}, organization = {Stranded on Pylos Blog}, url = {https://pylos.co/2018/11/18/cozybear-in-from-the-cold/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } CozyBear – In from the Cold?
Cobalt Strike APT 29
2018-10-01FireEyeRegina Elwell, Katie Nickels
@techreport{elwell:20181001:attcking:3c6d888, author = {Regina Elwell and Katie Nickels}, title = {{ATT&CKing FIN7}}, date = {2018-10-01}, institution = {FireEye}, url = {https://summit.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/summit/cds-2018/presentations/cds18-technical-s05-att&cking-fin7.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-25} } ATT&CKing FIN7
Bateleur BELLHOP Griffon ANTAK POWERPIPE POWERSOURCE HALFBAKED BABYMETAL Carbanak Cobalt Strike DNSMessenger DRIFTPIN PILLOWMINT SocksBot
2018-08-03JPCERT/CCTakuya Endo, Yukako Uchida
@online{endo:20180803:volatility:4597ce0, author = {Takuya Endo and Yukako Uchida}, title = {{Volatility Plugin for Detecting Cobalt Strike Beacon}}, date = {2018-08-03}, organization = {JPCERT/CC}, url = {https://blogs.jpcert.or.jp/en/2018/08/volatility-plugin-for-detecting-cobalt-strike-beacon.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-11} } Volatility Plugin for Detecting Cobalt Strike Beacon
Cobalt Strike
2018-07-31Github (JPCERTCC)JPCERT/CC
@online{jpcertcc:20180731:scanner:d1757d9, author = {JPCERT/CC}, title = {{Scanner for CobaltStrike}}, date = {2018-07-31}, organization = {Github (JPCERTCC)}, url = {https://github.com/JPCERTCC/aa-tools/blob/master/cobaltstrikescan.py}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Scanner for CobaltStrike
Cobalt Strike
2018-05-21LACYoshihiro Ishikawa
@online{ishikawa:20180521:confirmed:ad336b5, author = {Yoshihiro Ishikawa}, title = {{Confirmed new attacks by APT attacker group menuPass (APT10)}}, date = {2018-05-21}, organization = {LAC}, url = {https://www.lac.co.jp/lacwatch/people/20180521_001638.html}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2019-10-27} } Confirmed new attacks by APT attacker group menuPass (APT10)
Cobalt Strike
2017-06-06FireEyeIan Ahl
@online{ahl:20170606:privileges:9598d5f, author = {Ian Ahl}, title = {{Privileges and Credentials: Phished at the Request of Counsel}}, date = {2017-06-06}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/06/phished-at-the-request-of-counsel.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Privileges and Credentials: Phished at the Request of Counsel
Cobalt Strike
2016-10-11SymantecSymantec Security Response
@online{response:20161011:odinaff:36b35db, author = {Symantec Security Response}, title = {{Odinaff: New Trojan used in high level financial attacks}}, date = {2016-10-11}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/odinaff-new-trojan-used-high-level-financial-attacks}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-05} } Odinaff: New Trojan used in high level financial attacks
Cobalt Strike KLRD MimiKatz Odinaff Anunak
2012Cobalt StrikeCobalt Strike
@online{strike:2012:cobalt:8522cdd, author = {Cobalt Strike}, title = {{Cobalt Strike Website}}, date = {2012}, organization = {Cobalt Strike}, url = {https://www.cobaltstrike.com/support}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Cobalt Strike Website
Cobalt Strike
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_cobalt_strike_auto (20200529 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_cobalt_strike_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-05-30"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.4.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.cobalt_strike"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20200529"
        malpedia_hash = "92c362319514e5a6da26204961446caa3a8b32a8"
        malpedia_version = "20200529"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using yara-signator.
     * The code and documentation / approach is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { e9???????? eb0a b801000000 e9???????? }
            // n = 4, score = 1400
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   eb0a                 | jmp                 0xc
            //   b801000000           | mov                 eax, 1
            //   e9????????           |                     

        $sequence_1 = { 3bc7 750d ff15???????? 3d33270000 }
            // n = 4, score = 1400
            //   3bc7                 | cmp                 eax, edi
            //   750d                 | jne                 0xf
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   3d33270000           | cmp                 eax, 0x2733

        $sequence_2 = { 8bd0 e8???????? 85c0 7e0e }
            // n = 4, score = 1000
            //   8bd0                 | mov                 edx, eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7e0e                 | jle                 0x10

        $sequence_3 = { e8???????? e9???????? 833d????????01 7505 e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 1000
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   833d????????01       |                     
            //   7505                 | mov                 ecx, edx
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_4 = { 8d8560efffff 59 8d7801 8a08 40 3acb }
            // n = 6, score = 900
            //   8d8560efffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x78]
            //   59                   | push                ebx
            //   8d7801               | push                eax
            //   8a08                 | movzx               ecx, byte ptr [eax + 0x10]
            //   40                   | and                 ecx, 0xff
            //   3acb                 | shl                 ecx, 0x18

        $sequence_5 = { 8945fc 8d4588 53 50 }
            // n = 4, score = 900
            //   8945fc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebx]
            //   8d4588               | cmp                 eax, edi
            //   53                   | jne                 0xf
            //   50                   | cmp                 eax, 0x2733

        $sequence_6 = { 0fb64810 81e1ff000000 c1e118 8b5508 0fb64211 25ff000000 c1e010 }
            // n = 7, score = 900
            //   0fb64810             | jmp                 0x13
            //   81e1ff000000         | mov                 eax, 1
            //   c1e118               | jne                 0x15
            //   8b5508               | jne                 0x17
            //   0fb64211             | jne                 0x19
            //   25ff000000           | je                  0x63
            //   c1e010               | mov                 ebx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_7 = { 744d 8b5dfc 8d45e0 56 }
            // n = 4, score = 900
            //   744d                 | jne                 0x27
            //   8b5dfc               | dec                 eax
            //   8d45e0               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebx]
            //   56                   | dec                 eax

        $sequence_8 = { 8b45f4 e9???????? 8d854cefffff 50 }
            // n = 4, score = 900
            //   8b45f4               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x20]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d854cefffff         | push                esi
            //   50                   | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], eax

        $sequence_9 = { ff75f8 ff75f4 ff75fc e8???????? 83c410 8bc7 5f }
            // n = 7, score = 900
            //   ff75f8               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edi + 4]
            //   ff75f4               | dec                 eax
            //   ff75fc               | add                 edi, eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c410               | dec                 eax
            //   8bc7                 | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x78]
            //   5f                   | mov                 ebx, eax

        $sequence_10 = { 498bea eb06 41bd01000000 8bf0 488bfd b940000000 }
            // n = 6, score = 500
            //   498bea               | add                 eax, 8
            //   eb06                 | inc                 edx
            //   41bd01000000         | dec                 ecx
            //   8bf0                 | cmp                 eax, eax
            //   488bfd               | jl                  0xfffffff5
            //   b940000000           | or                  eax, 0xffffffff

        $sequence_11 = { 4883c008 ffc2 493bc0 7cea 83c8ff c3 }
            // n = 6, score = 500
            //   4883c008             | jne                 0x40
            //   ffc2                 | dec                 eax
            //   493bc0               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x21]
            //   7cea                 | inc                 ecx
            //   83c8ff               | mov                 edx, esi
            //   c3                   | dec                 eax

        $sequence_12 = { c1c806 33c8 8bc3 034c2470 03d1 418bca 0bcb }
            // n = 7, score = 500
            //   c1c806               | ret                 
            //   33c8                 | dec                 ecx
            //   8bc3                 | mov                 ebp, edx
            //   034c2470             | jmp                 8
            //   03d1                 | inc                 ecx
            //   418bca               | mov                 ebp, 1
            //   0bcb                 | mov                 esi, eax

        $sequence_13 = { 8bd3 e8???????? 85c0 753c 488d4ddf 418bd6 }
            // n = 6, score = 500
            //   8bd3                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   85c0                 | dec                 eax
            //   753c                 | mov                 ebx, dword ptr [esp + 0x30]
            //   488d4ddf             | mov                 edx, ebx
            //   418bd6               | test                eax, eax

        $sequence_14 = { 488bd5 488bce ff15???????? 488b5c2430 }
            // n = 4, score = 500
            //   488bd5               | dec                 eax
            //   488bce               | mov                 edx, ebp
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   488b5c2430           | dec                 eax

        $sequence_15 = { 81e1ff0f0000 6644010411 4d03ce 4885f6 759c 8b4704 4803f8 }
            // n = 7, score = 500
            //   81e1ff0f0000         | inc                 ecx
            //   6644010411           | mov                 ebp, 1
            //   4d03ce               | mov                 esi, eax
            //   4885f6               | dec                 eax
            //   759c                 | mov                 edi, ebp
            //   8b4704               | mov                 ecx, 0x40
            //   4803f8               | ror                 eax, 6

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 696320
}
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