SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.royal_dns (Back to overview)

Royal DNS

Actor(s): Mirage


RoyalDNS is a DNS based backdoor used by APT15 that persistences on a system through a service called 'Nwsapagent'.

References
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:134ec2b, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE PALACE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-palace}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE PALACE
BS2005 Enfal Mirage RoyalCli Royal DNS Mirage
2018-03-16Github (nccgroup)NCC Group PLC
@online{plc:20180316:royal:7ff57f8, author = {NCC Group PLC}, title = {{Royal APT - APT15 Repository}}, date = {2018-03-16}, organization = {Github (nccgroup)}, url = {https://github.com/nccgroup/Royal_APT}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Royal APT - APT15 Repository
BS2005 MS Exchange Tool RoyalCli Royal DNS Mirage
2018-03-10NCC GroupRob Smallridge
@online{smallridge:20180310:apt15:e5e7ef0, author = {Rob Smallridge}, title = {{APT15 is alive and strong: An analysis of RoyalCli and RoyalDNS}}, date = {2018-03-10}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://research.nccgroup.com/2018/03/10/apt15-is-alive-and-strong-an-analysis-of-royalcli-and-royaldns/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-04-29} } APT15 is alive and strong: An analysis of RoyalCli and RoyalDNS
BS2005 MS Exchange Tool RoyalCli Royal DNS Mirage
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_royal_dns_auto (20211008 | Detects win.royal_dns.)
rule win_royal_dns_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-10-07"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.royal_dns."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.royal_dns"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20211007"
        malpedia_hash = "e5b790e0f888f252d49063a1251ca60ec2832535"
        malpedia_version = "20211008"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8b8db0fcffff be50000000 56 51 8d95d9feffff }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8b8db0fcffff         | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x350]
            //   be50000000           | mov                 esi, 0x50
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   8d95d9feffff         | lea                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x127]

        $sequence_1 = { 33ff 33c9 33f6 84db 744c 90 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi
            //   33c9                 | xor                 ecx, ecx
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   84db                 | test                bl, bl
            //   744c                 | je                  0x4e
            //   90                   | nop                 

        $sequence_2 = { 5b c3 8d4701 5f c1e90a 5e }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   8d4701               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [edi + 1]
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   c1e90a               | shr                 ecx, 0xa
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_3 = { 83c40c 89bd84f1ffff eb31 8d85b1fcffff 50 8bc7 8bce }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   89bd84f1ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xe7c], edi
            //   eb31                 | jmp                 0x33
            //   8d85b1fcffff         | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x34f]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   8bc7                 | mov                 eax, edi
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi

        $sequence_4 = { 85f6 7464 8b95e0fdffff 6830750000 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7464                 | je                  0x66
            //   8b95e0fdffff         | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x220]
            //   6830750000           | push                0x7530

        $sequence_5 = { 8bce 8b7b0b e8???????? 83c40c 83f801 7536 8b5305 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   8b7b0b               | mov                 edi, dword ptr [ebx + 0xb]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   83f801               | cmp                 eax, 1
            //   7536                 | jne                 0x38
            //   8b5305               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebx + 5]

        $sequence_6 = { 33c0 66890437 8b4510 5f 5e 8d5001 5b }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   66890437             | mov                 word ptr [edi + esi], ax
            //   8b4510               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   8d5001               | lea                 edx, dword ptr [eax + 1]
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx

        $sequence_7 = { 8bf0 85f6 7464 8b95e0fdffff 6830750000 52 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7464                 | je                  0x66
            //   8b95e0fdffff         | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x220]
            //   6830750000           | push                0x7530
            //   52                   | push                edx

        $sequence_8 = { f7f1 8d95f0feffff 68???????? 52 8bf8 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   f7f1                 | div                 ecx
            //   8d95f0feffff         | lea                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x110]
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8bf8                 | mov                 edi, eax

        $sequence_9 = { 33c9 33f6 83c703 eb03 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   33c9                 | xor                 ecx, ecx
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   83c703               | add                 edi, 3
            //   eb03                 | jmp                 5

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 204800
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_royal_dns_w0   (20180312 | Detects malware from APT 15 report by NCC Group)
import "pe"

rule win_royal_dns_w0 {
    meta:
        author = "Florian Roth"
        description = "Detects malware from APT 15 report by NCC Group"
        reference = "https://goo.gl/HZ5XMN"
        date = "2018-03-10"
        hash = "bc937f6e958b339f6925023bc2af375d669084e9551fd3753e501ef26e36b39d"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.royal_dns"
        malpedia_version = "20180312"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
    strings:
        $x1 = "del c:\\windows\\temp\\r.exe /f /q" fullword ascii
        $x2 = "%s\\r.exe" fullword ascii

        $s1 = "rights.dll" fullword ascii
        $s2 = "\"%s\">>\"%s\"\\s.txt" fullword ascii
        $s3 = "Nwsapagent" fullword ascii
        $s4 = "%s\\r.bat" fullword ascii
        $s5 = "%s\\s.txt" fullword ascii
        $s6 = "runexe" fullword ascii
    condition:
        1 of ($x*) or 2 of them
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_royal_dns_w1   (20180312 | DLL implant, originally rights.dll and runs as a service)
rule win_royal_dns_w1 {
    meta:
        author = "David Cannings"
        description = "DLL implant, originally rights.dll and runs as a service"
        hash = "bc937f6e958b339f6925023bc2af375d669084e9551fd3753e501ef26e36b39d"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.royal_dns"
        malpedia_version = "20180312"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
    strings:
        /*
        56                push    esi
        B8 A7 C6 67 4E    mov     eax, 4E67C6A7h
        83 C1 02          add     ecx, 2
        BA 04 00 00 00    mov     edx, 4
        57                push    edi
        90                nop
        */
        // JSHash implementation (Justin Sobel's hash algorithm)
        $opcodes_jshash = { B8 A7 C6 67 4E 83 C1 02 BA 04 00 00 00 57 90 }

        /*
        0F B6 1C 03       movzx   ebx, byte ptr [ebx+eax]
        8B 55 08          mov     edx, [ebp+arg_0]
        30 1C 17          xor     [edi+edx], bl
        47                inc     edi
        3B 7D 0C          cmp     edi, [ebp+arg_4]
        72 A4             jb      short loc_10003F31
        */
        // Encode loop, used to "encrypt" data before DNS request
        $opcodes_encode = { 0F B6 1C 03 8B 55 08 30 1C 17 47 3B 7D 0C }

        /*
        68 88 13 00 00    push    5000 # Also seen 3000, included below
        FF D6             call    esi ; Sleep
        4F                dec     edi
        75 F6             jnz     short loc_10001554
        */
        // Sleep loop
        $opcodes_sleep_loop = { 68 (88|B8) (13|0B) 00 00 FF D6 4F 75 F6 }

        // Generic strings
        $ = "Nwsapagent" fullword
        $ = "\"%s\">>\"%s\"\\s.txt"
        $ = "myWObject" fullword
        $ = "del c:\\windows\\temp\\r.exe /f /q"
        $ = "del c:\\windows\\temp\\r.ini /f /q"

    condition:
        3 of them
}
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