SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.exaramel (Back to overview)

Exaramel

Actor(s): TeleBots


There is no description at this point.

References
2021-04-29ESET ResearchRobert Lipovsky, Matthieu Faou, Tony Anscombe, Andy Garth, Daniel Chromek
@techreport{lipovsky:20210429:eset:ff67b6c, author = {Robert Lipovsky and Matthieu Faou and Tony Anscombe and Andy Garth and Daniel Chromek}, title = {{ESET Industry Report on Government: Targeted but not alone}}, date = {2021-04-29}, institution = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/ESET_Industry_Report_Government.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-03} } ESET Industry Report on Government: Targeted but not alone
Exaramel Crutch Exaramel HyperBro HyperSSL InvisiMole XDSpy
2021-02-15WiredAndy Greenberg
@online{greenberg:20210215:france:b543876, author = {Andy Greenberg}, title = {{France Ties Russia's Sandworm to a Multiyear Hacking Spree}}, date = {2021-02-15}, organization = {Wired}, url = {https://www.wired.com/story/sandworm-centreon-russia-hack/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-02-20} } France Ties Russia's Sandworm to a Multiyear Hacking Spree
Exaramel Exaramel
2021-01-27CERT-FRCERT-FR
@techreport{certfr:20210127:sandword:7f2e586, author = {CERT-FR}, title = {{Sandword Intrusion Set: Campaign Targeting Centreon Ssystems}}, date = {2021-01-27}, institution = {CERT-FR}, url = {https://www.cert.ssi.gouv.fr/uploads/CERTFR-2021-CTI-005.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-03-02} } Sandword Intrusion Set: Campaign Targeting Centreon Ssystems
Exaramel PAS Exaramel
2020-01-31Virus BulletinMichal Poslušný, Peter Kálnai
@online{poslun:20200131:rich:c25f156, author = {Michal Poslušný and Peter Kálnai}, title = {{Rich Headers: leveraging this mysterious artifact of the PE format}}, date = {2020-01-31}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/01/vb2019-paper-rich-headers-leveraging-mysterious-artifact-pe-format/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } Rich Headers: leveraging this mysterious artifact of the PE format
Dridex Exaramel Industroyer Neutrino RCS Sathurbot
2020-01DragosJoe Slowik
@techreport{slowik:202001:threat:d891011, author = {Joe Slowik}, title = {{Threat Intelligence and the Limits of Malware Analysis}}, date = {2020-01}, institution = {Dragos}, url = {https://pylos.co/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/Threat-Intelligence-and-the-Limits-of-Malware-Analysis.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-10} } Threat Intelligence and the Limits of Malware Analysis
Exaramel Exaramel Industroyer Lookback NjRAT PlugX
2018-10-11ESET ResearchAnton Cherepanov, Robert Lipovsky
@online{cherepanov:20181011:new:8e588c3, author = {Anton Cherepanov and Robert Lipovsky}, title = {{New TeleBots backdoor: First evidence linking Industroyer to NotPetya}}, date = {2018-10-11}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/10/11/new-telebots-backdoor-linking-industroyer-notpetya/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } New TeleBots backdoor: First evidence linking Industroyer to NotPetya
Exaramel EternalPetya Exaramel Industroyer
2017-05-31MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:20170531:sandworm:1a9a446, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Sandworm Team}}, date = {2017-05-31}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0034}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } Sandworm Team
CyclopsBlink Exaramel BlackEnergy EternalPetya Exaramel GreyEnergy KillDisk MimiKatz Olympic Destroyer Sandworm
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_exaramel_auto (20221125 | Detects win.exaramel.)
rule win_exaramel_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-11-21"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.exaramel."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.exaramel"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20221118"
        malpedia_hash = "e0702e2e6d1d00da65c8a29a4ebacd0a4c59e1af"
        malpedia_version = "20221125"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 56 50 e8???????? 8bf0 83c404 85f6 7442 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7442                 | je                  0x44

        $sequence_1 = { 8d8564f5ffff 50 6a00 6a00 6800000008 8d85d4f5ffff 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d8564f5ffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0xa9c]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6800000008           | push                0x8000000
            //   8d85d4f5ffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0xa2c]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_2 = { 75e9 eb1e 8d85d0fbffff 50 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   75e9                 | jne                 0xffffffeb
            //   eb1e                 | jmp                 0x20
            //   8d85d0fbffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x430]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_3 = { c1e004 83c0f0 03c7 50 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   c1e004               | shl                 eax, 4
            //   83c0f0               | add                 eax, -0x10
            //   03c7                 | add                 eax, edi
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_4 = { 50 e8???????? 8d85f8feffff 6a04 50 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d85f8feffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x108]
            //   6a04                 | push                4
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_5 = { ffb590edffff ffb598edffff 6a01 56 e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   ffb590edffff         | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x1270]
            //   ffb598edffff         | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x1268]
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_6 = { 52 c10100 66c10100 78c1 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   c10100               | rol                 dword ptr [ecx], 0
            //   66c10100             | rol                 word ptr [ecx], 0
            //   78c1                 | js                  0xffffffc3

        $sequence_7 = { 50 ffd6 6a00 8d85f4fdffff 50 ffd3 6a00 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   8d85f4fdffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x20c]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ffd3                 | call                ebx
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_8 = { 85ff 7456 8b0f 8d45b4 56 6a01 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   85ff                 | test                edi, edi
            //   7456                 | je                  0x58
            //   8b0f                 | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [edi]
            //   8d45b4               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x4c]
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_9 = { b805400080 5e 8be5 5d c3 55 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   b805400080           | mov                 eax, 0x80004005
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   8be5                 | mov                 esp, ebp
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   55                   | push                ebp

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 294912
}
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