SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.9002 (Back to overview)

9002 RAT

aka: McRAT, Hydraq, HOMEUNIX

Actor(s): Aurora Panda, APT31, Group 27


9002 RAT is a Remote Access Tool typically observed to be used by an APT to control a victim's machine. It has been spread over via zero day exploits (e.g. targeting Internet Explorer) as well as via email attachments. The infection chain starts by opening a .LNK (an OLE packager shell object) that executes a Powershell command.

References
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4db27ec, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE UNION}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-union}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE UNION
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER Enfal Ghost RAT HttpBrowser HyperBro owaauth PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell LuckyMouse
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:972c13a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FIRESTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-firestone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FIRESTONE
9002 RAT Derusbi Empire Downloader PlugX Poison Ivy Shell Crew
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:fcb04ab, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE EXPRESS}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-express}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE EXPRESS
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER IsSpace NewCT PlugX smac APT 26
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:65ecf8a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE KEYSTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-keystone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE KEYSTONE
9002 RAT BLACKCOFFEE DeputyDog Derusbi HiKit PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell Aurora Panda
2018-08-21Trend MicroJaromír Hořejší, Joseph C. Chen, Kawabata Kohei, Kenney Lu
@online{hoej:20180821:supply:d426e6b, author = {Jaromír Hořejší and Joseph C. Chen and Kawabata Kohei and Kenney Lu}, title = {{Supply Chain Attack Operation Red Signature Targets South Korean Organizations}}, date = {2018-08-21}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/supply-chain-attack-operation-red-signature-targets-south-korean-organizations/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } Supply Chain Attack Operation Red Signature Targets South Korean Organizations
9002 RAT
2018-03CrySyS LabBoldizsar Bencsath
@techreport{bencsath:201803:territorial:04343bb, author = {Boldizsar Bencsath}, title = {{Territorial Dispute – NSA’s perspective on APT landscape}}, date = {2018-03}, institution = {CrySyS Lab}, url = {https://www.crysys.hu/publications/files/tedi/ukatemicrysys_territorialdispute.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-07} } Territorial Dispute – NSA’s perspective on APT landscape
9002 RAT Agent.BTZ DuQu EYService Flame FlowerShop Stuxnet Uroburos
2017-08-25ProofpointDarien Huss, Matthew Mesa
@online{huss:20170825:operation:87e2e2b, author = {Darien Huss and Matthew Mesa}, title = {{Operation RAT Cook: Chinese APT actors use fake Game of Thrones leaks as lures}}, date = {2017-08-25}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/operation-rat-cook-chinese-apt-actors-use-fake-game-thrones-leaks-lures}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Operation RAT Cook: Chinese APT actors use fake Game of Thrones leaks as lures
9002 RAT
2015-09-23Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone, Jen Miller-Osborn
@online{falcone:20150923:chinese:4faf76a, author = {Robert Falcone and Jen Miller-Osborn}, title = {{Chinese Actors Use ‘3102’ Malware in Attacks on US Government and EU Media}}, date = {2015-09-23}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/09/chinese-actors-use-3102-malware-in-attacks-on-us-government-and-eu-media/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Chinese Actors Use ‘3102’ Malware in Attacks on US Government and EU Media
9002 RAT
2015-08Arbor NetworksASERT Team
@online{team:201508:uncovering:121e5cf, author = {ASERT Team}, title = {{Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger}}, date = {2015-08}, organization = {Arbor Networks}, url = {https://app.box.com/s/z1uanuv1vn3vw5iket1r6bqrmlra0gpn}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger
9002 RAT EvilGrab PlugX Trochilus RAT Group 27
2013-11-10FireEyeSai Omkar Vashisht, Mike Scott, Thoufique Haq, Ned Moran
@online{vashisht:20131110:operation:d653a09, author = {Sai Omkar Vashisht and Mike Scott and Thoufique Haq and Ned Moran}, title = {{Operation Ephemeral Hydra: IE Zero-Day Linked to DeputyDog Uses Diskless Method}}, date = {2013-11-10}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/11/operation-ephemeral-hydra-ie-zero-day-linked-to-deputydog-uses-diskless-method.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Operation Ephemeral Hydra: IE Zero-Day Linked to DeputyDog Uses Diskless Method
9002 RAT
2013-09-17SymantecStephen Doherty, Jozsef Gegeny, Branko Spasojevic, Jonell Baltazar
@techreport{doherty:20130917:hidden:72a1bd7, author = {Stephen Doherty and Jozsef Gegeny and Branko Spasojevic and Jonell Baltazar}, title = {{Hidden Lynx – Professional Hackers for Hire}}, date = {2013-09-17}, institution = {Symantec}, url = {https://paper.seebug.org/papers/APT/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin/2013/hidden_lynx.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } Hidden Lynx – Professional Hackers for Hire
9002 RAT HiKit Aurora Panda
2013-05-20FireEyeNed Moran
@online{moran:20130520:ready:6a59df8, author = {Ned Moran}, title = {{Ready for Summer: The Sunshop Campaign}}, date = {2013-05-20}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/05/ready-for-summer-the-sunshop-campaign.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Ready for Summer: The Sunshop Campaign
9002 RAT
2013-02-07FireEyeJ. Gomez, Thoufique Haq
@online{gomez:20130207:ladyboyle:5927b00, author = {J. Gomez and Thoufique Haq}, title = {{LadyBoyle Comes to Town with a New Exploit}}, date = {2013-02-07}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/02/lady-boyle-comes-to-town-with-a-new-exploit.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } LadyBoyle Comes to Town with a New Exploit
9002 RAT
2012-09-07SymantecGavin O'Gorman, Geoff McDonald
@techreport{ogorman:20120907:elderwood:4247c36, author = {Gavin O'Gorman and Geoff McDonald}, title = {{The Elderwood Project}}, date = {2012-09-07}, institution = {Symantec}, url = {https://www.infopoint-security.de/medien/the-elderwood-project.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-11} } The Elderwood Project
9002 RAT Beijing Group
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_9002_auto (20200529 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_9002_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-05-30"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.4.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.9002"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20200529"
        malpedia_hash = "92c362319514e5a6da26204961446caa3a8b32a8"
        malpedia_version = "20200529"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using yara-signator.
     * The code and documentation / approach is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8b5c2408 6bdb08 03c3 8b00 5b }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   8b5c2408             | mov                 ebx, dword ptr [esp + 8]
            //   6bdb08               | imul                ebx, ebx, 8
            //   03c3                 | add                 eax, ebx
            //   8b00                 | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax]
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx

        $sequence_1 = { 51 e8???????? 6a06 6a01 6a02 e8???????? }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6a06                 | push                6
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   6a02                 | push                2
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_2 = { 8b08 51 e8???????? 8b5714 83c404 894208 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   8b08                 | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [eax]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b5714               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [edi + 0x14]
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   894208               | mov                 dword ptr [edx + 8], eax

        $sequence_3 = { 7504 33db eb04 8bd9 2bd8 85c0 7408 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   7504                 | jne                 6
            //   33db                 | xor                 ebx, ebx
            //   eb04                 | jmp                 6
            //   8bd9                 | mov                 ebx, ecx
            //   2bd8                 | sub                 ebx, eax
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7408                 | je                  0xa

        $sequence_4 = { 6a02 ff15???????? 68???????? ff15???????? 6a00 6a00 6a00 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   6a02                 | push                2
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_5 = { 3bc8 1bd2 f7da 8915???????? }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   3bc8                 | cmp                 ecx, eax
            //   1bd2                 | sbb                 edx, edx
            //   f7da                 | neg                 edx
            //   8915????????         |                     

        $sequence_6 = { 2bd0 3bfa 760d 85c0 7504 33ff }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   2bd0                 | sub                 edx, eax
            //   3bfa                 | cmp                 edi, edx
            //   760d                 | jbe                 0xf
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7504                 | jne                 6
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi

        $sequence_7 = { 8b00 5b ffd0 59 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   8b00                 | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax]
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   ffd0                 | call                eax
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx

        $sequence_8 = { 8930 8b5708 6a00 6a00 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   8930                 | mov                 dword ptr [eax], esi
            //   8b5708               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [edi + 8]
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_9 = { 68???????? 6a00 6a00 ffd5 8906 83c604 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   ffd5                 | call                ebp
            //   8906                 | mov                 dword ptr [esi], eax
            //   83c604               | add                 esi, 4

        $sequence_10 = { 8bd1 2bd0 3bda 7223 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   8bd1                 | mov                 edx, ecx
            //   2bd0                 | sub                 edx, eax
            //   3bda                 | cmp                 ebx, edx
            //   7223                 | jb                  0x25

        $sequence_11 = { 6a00 6a02 6a03 6a00 e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a02                 | push                2
            //   6a03                 | push                3
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_12 = { 33ed eb04 2bc8 8be9 53 50 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   33ed                 | xor                 ebp, ebp
            //   eb04                 | jmp                 6
            //   2bc8                 | sub                 ecx, eax
            //   8be9                 | mov                 ebp, ecx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_13 = { ff15???????? 50 53 53 ff15???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   ff15????????         |                     

        $sequence_14 = { 015e20 57 83562400 ff15???????? }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   015e20               | add                 dword ptr [esi + 0x20], ebx
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   83562400             | adc                 dword ptr [esi + 0x24], 0
            //   ff15????????         |                     

        $sequence_15 = { 741f 2db7000000 f7d8 1bc0 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   741f                 | je                  0x21
            //   2db7000000           | sub                 eax, 0xb7
            //   f7d8                 | neg                 eax
            //   1bc0                 | sbb                 eax, eax

        $sequence_16 = { 7316 8a0b 884c285c 8b4558 40 43 894558 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   7316                 | jae                 0x18
            //   8a0b                 | mov                 cl, byte ptr [ebx]
            //   884c285c             | mov                 byte ptr [eax + ebp + 0x5c], cl
            //   8b4558               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x58]
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   43                   | inc                 ebx
            //   894558               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x58], eax

        $sequence_17 = { b805400080 8b4c2414 64890d00000000 59 5f 5e 5d }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   b805400080           | mov                 eax, 0x80004005
            //   8b4c2414             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x14]
            //   64890d00000000       | mov                 dword ptr fs:[0], ecx
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp

        $sequence_18 = { e8???????? c60000 8dbdf0feffff 83c9ff 33c0 83c408 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   c60000               | mov                 byte ptr [eax], 0
            //   8dbdf0feffff         | lea                 edi, [ebp - 0x110]
            //   83c9ff               | or                  ecx, 0xffffffff
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   83c408               | add                 esp, 8

        $sequence_19 = { 59 8b0485e0d50010 8d0cf6 8064880400 85ff }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   8b0485e0d50010       | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax*4 + 0x1000d5e0]
            //   8d0cf6               | lea                 ecx, [esi + esi*8]
            //   8064880400           | and                 byte ptr [eax + ecx*4 + 4], 0
            //   85ff                 | test                edi, edi

        $sequence_20 = { 8b542410 55 8b6c2410 56 57 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8b542410             | mov                 edx, dword ptr [esp + 0x10]
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8b6c2410             | mov                 ebp, dword ptr [esp + 0x10]
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi

        $sequence_21 = { 8d4c2404 85c0 7d19 e8???????? 83c8ff 8b4c2438 33cc }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d4c2404             | lea                 ecx, [esp + 4]
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7d19                 | jge                 0x1b
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c8ff               | or                  eax, 0xffffffff
            //   8b4c2438             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x38]
            //   33cc                 | xor                 ecx, esp

        $sequence_22 = { 8d4c2410 51 89442428 897c243c e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8d4c2410             | lea                 ecx, [esp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   89442428             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x28], eax
            //   897c243c             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x3c], edi
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_23 = { 8b15???????? f2ae a1???????? 668b0d???????? 4f }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8b15????????         |                     
            //   f2ae                 | repne scasb         al, byte ptr es:[edi]
            //   a1????????           |                     
            //   668b0d????????       |                     
            //   4f                   | dec                 edi

        $sequence_24 = { 85f6 740f 8bce e8???????? 33ff }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   740f                 | je                  0x11
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi

        $sequence_25 = { eb4b 8b5510 81e2ffff0000 8b4514 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   eb4b                 | jmp                 0x4d
            //   8b5510               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   81e2ffff0000         | and                 edx, 0xffff
            //   8b4514               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x14]

        $sequence_26 = { 8b442418 85c0 7506 8d441eec }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   8b442418             | mov                 eax, dword ptr [esp + 0x18]
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7506                 | jne                 8
            //   8d441eec             | lea                 eax, [esi + ebx - 0x14]

        $sequence_27 = { 2bc8 c7455800000000 894c2410 8bf1 817d4812010000 0f853ffeffff 8b4520 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   2bc8                 | sub                 ecx, eax
            //   c7455800000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x58], 0
            //   894c2410             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x10], ecx
            //   8bf1                 | mov                 esi, ecx
            //   817d4812010000       | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x48], 0x112
            //   0f853ffeffff         | jne                 0xfffffe45
            //   8b4520               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x20]

        $sequence_28 = { 85c0 7414 8b4c2404 85c9 7404 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7414                 | je                  0x16
            //   8b4c2404             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 4]
            //   85c9                 | test                ecx, ecx
            //   7404                 | je                  6

        $sequence_29 = { 6a01 8b55f8 52 e8???????? 837dfc00 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   8b55f8               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   837dfc00             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0

        $sequence_30 = { 56 e8???????? 83c404 8bc6 5e c20400 b801000000 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   c20400               | ret                 4
            //   b801000000           | mov                 eax, 1

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 204800
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_9002_w0   (20170521 | No description)
rule win_9002_w0 {
    meta:
        author = "FireEye Labs"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.9002"
        malpedia_version = "20170521"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
        
    strings:
        $a = "rat_UnInstall" wide ascii
        
    condition:
        $a
}
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