SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.pteranodon (Back to overview)

Pteranodon

aka: Pterodo

Actor(s): Gamaredon Group, Operation Armageddon


There is no description at this point.

References
2022-05-24ThreatStopOfir Ashman
@online{ashman:20220524:gamaredon:7638a47, author = {Ofir Ashman}, title = {{Gamaredon Group: Understanding the Russian APT}}, date = {2022-05-24}, organization = {ThreatStop}, url = {https://www.threatstop.com/blog/gamaredon-group-understanding-the-russian-apt}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-25} } Gamaredon Group: Understanding the Russian APT
Unidentified 003 (Gamaredon Downloader) Pteranodon
2022-05-12CiscoOnur Mustafa Erdogan, María José Erquiaga
@online{erdogan:20220512:network:3befbe5, author = {Onur Mustafa Erdogan and María José Erquiaga}, title = {{Network Footprints of Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2022-05-12}, organization = {Cisco}, url = {https://blogs.cisco.com/security/network-footprints-of-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-17} } Network Footprints of Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2022-04-20SymantecThreat Hunter Team
@online{team:20220420:shuckworm:f7b5ef7, author = {Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Shuckworm: Espionage Group Continues Intense Campaign Against Ukraine}}, date = {2022-04-20}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/shuckworm-intense-campaign-ukraine}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-25} } Shuckworm: Espionage Group Continues Intense Campaign Against Ukraine
Pteranodon
2022-02-04MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC), Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)
@online{mstic:20220204:actinium:739151c, author = {Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) and Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)}, title = {{ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations}}, date = {2022-02-04}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2022/02/04/actinium-targets-ukrainian-organizations/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-07} } ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2022-02-03Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Unit 42
@online{42:20220203:russias:920c595, author = {Unit 42}, title = {{Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine}}, date = {2022-02-03}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/gamaredon-primitive-bear-ukraine-update-2021/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-07} } Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2022-01-31Bleeping ComputerBill Toulas
@online{toulas:20220131:russian:d42b1ba, author = {Bill Toulas}, title = {{Russian 'Gamaredon' hackers use 8 new malware payloads in attacks}}, date = {2022-01-31}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/russian-gamaredon-hackers-use-8-new-malware-payloads-in-attacks/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-19} } Russian 'Gamaredon' hackers use 8 new malware payloads in attacks
Pteranodon
2022-01-31SymantecSymantec Threat Hunter Team
@online{team:20220131:shuckworm:e529180, author = {Symantec Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Shuckworm Continues Cyber-Espionage Attacks Against Ukraine}}, date = {2022-01-31}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/shuckworm-gamaredon-espionage-ukraine}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-02} } Shuckworm Continues Cyber-Espionage Attacks Against Ukraine
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2021-11-04Security Service of UkraineSecurity Service of Ukraine
@techreport{ukraine:20211104:gamaredon:7be7543, author = {Security Service of Ukraine}, title = {{Gamaredon / Armageddon Group: FSB RF Cyber attacks against Ukraine}}, date = {2021-11-04}, institution = {Security Service of Ukraine}, url = {https://ssu.gov.ua/uploads/files/DKIB/Technical%20report%20Armagedon.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-01} } Gamaredon / Armageddon Group: FSB RF Cyber attacks against Ukraine
EvilGnome Pteranodon RMS
2020-02-17YoroiYoroi
@online{yoroi:20200217:cyberwarfare:5b28cf2, author = {Yoroi}, title = {{Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign}}, date = {2020-02-17}, organization = {Yoroi}, url = {https://blog.yoroi.company/research/cyberwarfare-a-deep-dive-into-the-latest-gamaredon-espionage-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign
Pteranodon
2020-02-13ElasticDaniel Stepanic, Andrew Pease, Seth Goodwin
@online{stepanic:20200213:playing:ae77be6, author = {Daniel Stepanic and Andrew Pease and Seth Goodwin}, title = {{Playing defense against Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Elastic}, url = {https://www.elastic.co/blog/playing-defense-against-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-26} } Playing defense against Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2020-02-05SentinelOneVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20200205:prorussian:4fab984, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting}}, date = {2020-02-05}, organization = {SentinelOne}, url = {https://labs.sentinelone.com/pro-russian-cyberspy-gamaredon-intensifies-ukrainian-security-targeting/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-09} } Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting
Pteranodon
2019-02-07ThreatStopJohn Bambenek
@online{bambenek:20190207:inside:2a18c89, author = {John Bambenek}, title = {{An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2019-02-07}, organization = {ThreatStop}, url = {https://blog.threatstop.com/russian-apt-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2019-01-07Vitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20190107:lets:07f4941, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'}}, date = {2019-01-07}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2019/01/lets-learn-deeper-dive-into-gamaredon.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'
Pteranodon
2018-11-15Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20181115:pterodo:3ed19e5, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo}}, date = {2018-11-15}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/46}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo
Pteranodon
2018-09-03Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20180903:bulk:09fa177, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo}}, date = {2018-09-03}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/42}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo
Pteranodon
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:322eb5f, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Pteranodon
2016-06-25NSHCNSHC Threatrecon Team
@online{team:20160625:sectorc08:84b8f56, author = {NSHC Threatrecon Team}, title = {{SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine}}, date = {2016-06-25}, organization = {NSHC}, url = {https://threatrecon.nshc.net/2019/06/11/sectorc08-multi-layered-sfx-recent-campaigns-target-ukraine/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine
Pteranodon
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_pteranodon_auto (20220516 | Detects win.pteranodon.)
rule win_pteranodon_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-05-16"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.pteranodon."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.pteranodon"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20220513"
        malpedia_hash = "7f4b2229e6ae614d86d74917f6d5b41890e62a26"
        malpedia_version = "20220516"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { f2c3 8b4de4 33cd f2e81328feff }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   f2c3                 | bnd ret             
            //   8b4de4               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c]
            //   33cd                 | xor                 ecx, ebp
            //   f2e81328feff         | bnd call            0xfffe2819

        $sequence_1 = { 40 8d8dd8feffff 50 ffb5d8feffff e8???????? 56 8d8dd8feffff }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   8d8dd8feffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x128]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ffb5d8feffff         | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x128]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   8d8dd8feffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x128]

        $sequence_2 = { 85c9 0f84d3000000 8b048d94f00210 89859cf8ffff 85c0 0f8498000000 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   85c9                 | test                ecx, ecx
            //   0f84d3000000         | je                  0xd9
            //   8b048d94f00210       | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ecx*4 + 0x1002f094]
            //   89859cf8ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x764], eax
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   0f8498000000         | je                  0x9e

        $sequence_3 = { 8d041f 8975d0 8975e0 8975f0 c745f4d0d00210 8b7485bc 8d4601 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d041f               | lea                 eax, [edi + ebx]
            //   8975d0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x30], esi
            //   8975e0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x20], esi
            //   8975f0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], esi
            //   c745f4d0d00210       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xc], 0x1002d0d0
            //   8b7485bc             | mov                 esi, dword ptr [ebp + eax*4 - 0x44]
            //   8d4601               | lea                 eax, [esi + 1]

        $sequence_4 = { 8bc8 e8???????? 6a01 57 e8???????? 8d8520f9ffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   8bc8                 | mov                 ecx, eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d8520f9ffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x6e0]

        $sequence_5 = { ffb590feffff e8???????? 8b858cfeffff c785a4feffff0f000000 c785a0feffff00000000 c68590feffff00 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   ffb590feffff         | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x170]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b858cfeffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x174]
            //   c785a4feffff0f000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0x15c], 0xf
            //   c785a0feffff00000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0x160], 0
            //   c68590feffff00       | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x170], 0

        $sequence_6 = { c746140f000000 c7461000000000 c60600 807dec00 7504 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   c746140f000000       | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 0x14], 0xf
            //   c7461000000000       | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 0x10], 0
            //   c60600               | mov                 byte ptr [esi], 0
            //   807dec00             | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x14], 0
            //   7504                 | jne                 6

        $sequence_7 = { 8d8d08f9ffff e8???????? 8d8da8f8ffff c645fc31 51 8bd0 8d8dc0f8ffff }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d8d08f9ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x6f8]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d8da8f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x758]
            //   c645fc31             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 4], 0x31
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   8bd0                 | mov                 edx, eax
            //   8d8dc0f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x740]

        $sequence_8 = { 50 ff15???????? 8b35???????? 83f801 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8b35????????         |                     
            //   83f801               | cmp                 eax, 1

        $sequence_9 = { 0f83c0000000 53 56 8d4dd8 e8???????? 8b4dec }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   0f83c0000000         | jae                 0xc6
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   8d4dd8               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x28]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b4dec               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x14]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 499712
}
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