SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.pteranodon (Back to overview)

Pteranodon

aka: Pterodo

Actor(s): Gamaredon Group, Operation Armageddon


There is no description at this point.

References
2022-11-21BlackberryBlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team
@online{team:20221121:gamaredon:da14d7a, author = {BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team}, title = {{Gamaredon Leverages Microsoft Office Docs to Target Ukraine Government and Military}}, date = {2022-11-21}, organization = {Blackberry}, url = {https://blogs.blackberry.com/en/2022/11/gamaredon-leverages-microsoft-office-docs-to-target-ukraine-government}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-12-01} } Gamaredon Leverages Microsoft Office Docs to Target Ukraine Government and Military
Pteranodon
2022-05-24ThreatStopOfir Ashman
@online{ashman:20220524:gamaredon:7638a47, author = {Ofir Ashman}, title = {{Gamaredon Group: Understanding the Russian APT}}, date = {2022-05-24}, organization = {ThreatStop}, url = {https://www.threatstop.com/blog/gamaredon-group-understanding-the-russian-apt}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-25} } Gamaredon Group: Understanding the Russian APT
Unidentified 003 (Gamaredon Downloader) Pteranodon
2022-05-12CiscoOnur Mustafa Erdogan, María José Erquiaga
@online{erdogan:20220512:network:3befbe5, author = {Onur Mustafa Erdogan and María José Erquiaga}, title = {{Network Footprints of Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2022-05-12}, organization = {Cisco}, url = {https://blogs.cisco.com/security/network-footprints-of-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-17} } Network Footprints of Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2022-04-20SymantecThreat Hunter Team
@online{team:20220420:shuckworm:f7b5ef7, author = {Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Shuckworm: Espionage Group Continues Intense Campaign Against Ukraine}}, date = {2022-04-20}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/shuckworm-intense-campaign-ukraine}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-25} } Shuckworm: Espionage Group Continues Intense Campaign Against Ukraine
Pteranodon
2022-02-04MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC), Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)
@online{mstic:20220204:actinium:739151c, author = {Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) and Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)}, title = {{ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations}}, date = {2022-02-04}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2022/02/04/actinium-targets-ukrainian-organizations/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-07} } ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations
DilongTrash DinoTrain Pteranodon QuietSieve Gamaredon Group
2022-02-04MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC), Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)
@online{mstic:20220204:actinium:46543a2, author = {Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) and Microsoft Digital Security Unit (DSU)}, title = {{ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations}}, date = {2022-02-04}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2022/02/04/actinium-targets-ukrainian-organizations}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } ACTINIUM targets Ukrainian organizations
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2022-02-03Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Unit 42
@online{42:20220203:russias:cd52f9f, author = {Unit 42}, title = {{Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine (Updated June 22)}}, date = {2022-02-03}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/gamaredon-primitive-bear-ukraine-update-2021}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine (Updated June 22)
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2022-02-03Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Unit 42
@online{42:20220203:russias:920c595, author = {Unit 42}, title = {{Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine}}, date = {2022-02-03}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/gamaredon-primitive-bear-ukraine-update-2021/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-07} } Russia’s Gamaredon aka Primitive Bear APT Group Actively Targeting Ukraine
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2022-01-31Bleeping ComputerBill Toulas
@online{toulas:20220131:russian:d42b1ba, author = {Bill Toulas}, title = {{Russian 'Gamaredon' hackers use 8 new malware payloads in attacks}}, date = {2022-01-31}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/russian-gamaredon-hackers-use-8-new-malware-payloads-in-attacks/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-19} } Russian 'Gamaredon' hackers use 8 new malware payloads in attacks
Pteranodon
2022-01-31SymantecSymantec Threat Hunter Team
@online{team:20220131:shuckworm:e529180, author = {Symantec Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Shuckworm Continues Cyber-Espionage Attacks Against Ukraine}}, date = {2022-01-31}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/shuckworm-gamaredon-espionage-ukraine}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-02} } Shuckworm Continues Cyber-Espionage Attacks Against Ukraine
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2021-11-04Security Service of UkraineSecurity Service of Ukraine
@techreport{ukraine:20211104:gamaredon:7be7543, author = {Security Service of Ukraine}, title = {{Gamaredon / Armageddon Group: FSB RF Cyber attacks against Ukraine}}, date = {2021-11-04}, institution = {Security Service of Ukraine}, url = {https://ssu.gov.ua/uploads/files/DKIB/Technical%20report%20Armagedon.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-01} } Gamaredon / Armageddon Group: FSB RF Cyber attacks against Ukraine
EvilGnome Pteranodon RMS
2020-06-11ESET ResearchJean-Ian Boutin
@online{boutin:20200611:gamaredon:3376ccd, author = {Jean-Ian Boutin}, title = {{Gamaredon group grows its game}}, date = {2020-06-11}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2020/06/11/gamaredon-group-grows-its-game}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } Gamaredon group grows its game
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2020-02-17YoroiYoroi
@online{yoroi:20200217:cyberwarfare:5b28cf2, author = {Yoroi}, title = {{Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign}}, date = {2020-02-17}, organization = {Yoroi}, url = {https://blog.yoroi.company/research/cyberwarfare-a-deep-dive-into-the-latest-gamaredon-espionage-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign
Pteranodon
2020-02-13ElasticDaniel Stepanic, Andrew Pease, Seth Goodwin
@online{stepanic:20200213:playing:ae77be6, author = {Daniel Stepanic and Andrew Pease and Seth Goodwin}, title = {{Playing defense against Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Elastic}, url = {https://www.elastic.co/blog/playing-defense-against-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-26} } Playing defense against Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2020-02-05SentinelOneVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20200205:prorussian:4fab984, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting}}, date = {2020-02-05}, organization = {SentinelOne}, url = {https://labs.sentinelone.com/pro-russian-cyberspy-gamaredon-intensifies-ukrainian-security-targeting/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-09} } Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting
Pteranodon
2019-02-07ThreatStopJohn Bambenek
@online{bambenek:20190207:inside:2a18c89, author = {John Bambenek}, title = {{An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2019-02-07}, organization = {ThreatStop}, url = {https://blog.threatstop.com/russian-apt-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2019-01-07Vitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20190107:lets:07f4941, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'}}, date = {2019-01-07}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2019/01/lets-learn-deeper-dive-into-gamaredon.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'
Pteranodon
2018-11-15Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20181115:pterodo:3ed19e5, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo}}, date = {2018-11-15}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/46}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo
Pteranodon
2018-09-03Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20180903:bulk:09fa177, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo}}, date = {2018-09-03}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/42}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo
Pteranodon
2017-05-31MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:20170531:gamaredon:3f7ed54, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2017-05-31}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0047}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon Gamaredon Group
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:da1102c, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-25} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Pteranodon RMS Gamaredon Group
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:322eb5f, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Pteranodon
2016-06-25NSHCNSHC Threatrecon Team
@online{team:20160625:sectorc08:84b8f56, author = {NSHC Threatrecon Team}, title = {{SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine}}, date = {2016-06-25}, organization = {NSHC}, url = {https://threatrecon.nshc.net/2019/06/11/sectorc08-multi-layered-sfx-recent-campaigns-target-ukraine/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine
Pteranodon
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_pteranodon_auto (20221125 | Detects win.pteranodon.)
rule win_pteranodon_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-11-21"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.pteranodon."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.pteranodon"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20221118"
        malpedia_hash = "e0702e2e6d1d00da65c8a29a4ebacd0a4c59e1af"
        malpedia_version = "20221125"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8d8dc0f8ffff e9???????? 8d8dc0f8ffff e9???????? 8d8d08f9ffff }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8d8dc0f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x740]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d8dc0f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x740]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d8d08f9ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x6f8]

        $sequence_1 = { ff15???????? 85c0 74b6 6800010000 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   74b6                 | je                  0xffffffb8
            //   6800010000           | push                0x100

        $sequence_2 = { 8b85b4faffff 894704 eb02 33ff 8d95b8faffff e8???????? }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   8b85b4faffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x54c]
            //   894704               | mov                 dword ptr [edi + 4], eax
            //   eb02                 | jmp                 4
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi
            //   8d95b8faffff         | lea                 edx, [ebp - 0x548]
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_3 = { 6af6 ff15???????? 8b04bde0874300 834c0318ff 33c0 eb16 e8???????? }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   6af6                 | push                -0xa
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8b04bde0874300       | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edi*4 + 0x4387e0]
            //   834c0318ff           | or                  dword ptr [ebx + eax + 0x18], 0xffffffff
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   eb16                 | jmp                 0x18
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_4 = { ff15???????? 8bf8 89bde4fdffff 85ff 0f8447060000 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8bf8                 | mov                 edi, eax
            //   89bde4fdffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x21c], edi
            //   85ff                 | test                edi, edi
            //   0f8447060000         | je                  0x64d

        $sequence_5 = { 52 ff5008 c645fc01 8d4da8 837dbc10 8b55d0 0f434da8 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   ff5008               | call                dword ptr [eax + 8]
            //   c645fc01             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 4], 1
            //   8d4da8               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x58]
            //   837dbc10             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x44], 0x10
            //   8b55d0               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x30]
            //   0f434da8             | cmovae              ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x58]

        $sequence_6 = { 6a04 58 6bc000 c780d460031002000000 6a04 58 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   6a04                 | push                4
            //   58                   | pop                 eax
            //   6bc000               | imul                eax, eax, 0
            //   c780d460031002000000     | mov    dword ptr [eax + 0x100360d4], 2
            //   6a04                 | push                4
            //   58                   | pop                 eax

        $sequence_7 = { 0f82e9feffff eb23 8b4df0 8b0c8de0874300 8a443928 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   0f82e9feffff         | jb                  0xfffffeef
            //   eb23                 | jmp                 0x25
            //   8b4df0               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   8b0c8de0874300       | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ecx*4 + 0x4387e0]
            //   8a443928             | mov                 al, byte ptr [ecx + edi + 0x28]

        $sequence_8 = { 53 8bf0 6a00 56 e8???????? 8b5db8 33c0 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b5db8               | mov                 ebx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x48]
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax

        $sequence_9 = { 894df8 6a0a 8b048db8690310 5b 8b543818 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   894df8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], ecx
            //   6a0a                 | push                0xa
            //   8b048db8690310       | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ecx*4 + 0x100369b8]
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   8b543818             | mov                 edx, dword ptr [eax + edi + 0x18]

        $sequence_10 = { c645fc07 8b85d4f8ffff 83f810 7213 40 8d8dc0f8ffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   c645fc07             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 4], 7
            //   8b85d4f8ffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x72c]
            //   83f810               | cmp                 eax, 0x10
            //   7213                 | jb                  0x15
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   8d8dc0f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x740]

        $sequence_11 = { c745fc00000000 6a00 50 e8???????? 680a020000 8d85e0fdffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   c745fc00000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   680a020000           | push                0x20a
            //   8d85e0fdffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x220]

        $sequence_12 = { 898594f6ffff 85c0 0f8ee6040000 33f6 0f1f4000 8d85a8f8ffff }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   898594f6ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x96c], eax
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   0f8ee6040000         | jle                 0x4ec
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   0f1f4000             | nop                 dword ptr [eax]
            //   8d85a8f8ffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x758]

        $sequence_13 = { 2b49fc e9???????? 55 8bec 56 8d71f8 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   2b49fc               | sub                 ecx, dword ptr [ecx - 4]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8bec                 | mov                 ebp, esp
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   8d71f8               | lea                 esi, [ecx - 8]

        $sequence_14 = { ba1d000000 e9???????? 833d????????00 0f857cb40000 8d0dc0b24200 ba1d000000 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   ba1d000000           | mov                 edx, 0x1d
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   833d????????00       |                     
            //   0f857cb40000         | jne                 0xb482
            //   8d0dc0b24200         | lea                 ecx, [0x42b2c0]
            //   ba1d000000           | mov                 edx, 0x1d

        $sequence_15 = { 8d8df0f8ffff e9???????? 8d8d08f9ffff e9???????? e8???????? c3 8d8dd8f8ffff }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8d8df0f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x710]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d8d08f9ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x6f8]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   8d8dd8f8ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x728]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 499712
}
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