SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

Gamaredon Group  (Back to overview)

aka: Primitive Bear

Unit 42 threat researchers have recently observed a threat group distributing new, custom developed malware. We have labelled this threat group the Gamaredon Group and our research shows that the Gamaredon Group has been active since at least 2013. In the past, the Gamaredon Group has relied heavily on off-the-shelf tools. Our new research shows the Gamaredon Group have made a shift to custom-developed malware. We believe this shift indicates the Gamaredon Group have improved their technical capabilities.


Associated Families
elf.evilgnome win.pteranodon

References
2020-06-16IntezerAviygayil Mechtinger
@online{mechtinger:20200616:elf:7057d58, author = {Aviygayil Mechtinger}, title = {{ELF Malware Analysis 101: Linux Threats No Longer an Afterthought}}, date = {2020-06-16}, organization = {Intezer}, url = {https://intezer.com/blog/linux/elf-malware-analysis-101-linux-threats-no-longer-an-afterthought}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-16} } ELF Malware Analysis 101: Linux Threats No Longer an Afterthought
Cloud Snooper Dacls EvilGnome HiddenWasp MESSAGETAP NOTROBIN QNAPCrypt Winnti
2020-03-04CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20200304:2020:818c85f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report}}, date = {2020-03-04}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/Report2020CrowdStrikeGlobalThreatReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-24} } 2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report
MESSAGETAP More_eggs 8.t Dropper Anchor BabyShark BadNews Clop Cobalt Strike CobInt Cobra Carbon System Cutwail DanaBot Dharma DoppelPaymer Dridex Emotet FlawedAmmyy FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 IcedID ISFB KerrDown LightNeuron LockerGoga Maze MECHANICAL Necurs Nokki Outlook Backdoor Phobos Ransomware Predator The Thief QakBot REvil RobinHood Ryuk SDBbot Skipper SmokeLoader TerraRecon TerraStealer TerraTV TinyLoader TrickBot vidar Winnti ANTHROPOID SPIDER Anunak APT31 APT39 BlackTech BuhTrap Charming Kitten CLOCKWORD SPIDER DOPPEL SPIDER Gamaredon Group Leviathan MONTY SPIDER Mustang Panda NARWHAL SPIDER NOCTURNAL SPIDER Pinchy Spider Pirate Panda Salty Spider SCULLY SPIDER SMOKY SPIDER Thrip VENOM SPIDER
2020-02-17YoroiYoroi
@online{yoroi:20200217:cyberwarfare:5b28cf2, author = {Yoroi}, title = {{Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign}}, date = {2020-02-17}, organization = {Yoroi}, url = {https://blog.yoroi.company/research/cyberwarfare-a-deep-dive-into-the-latest-gamaredon-espionage-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Cyberwarfare: A deep dive into the latest Gamaredon Espionage Campaign
Pteranodon
2020-02-13ElasticDaniel Stepanic, Andrew Pease, Seth Goodwin
@online{stepanic:20200213:playing:ae77be6, author = {Daniel Stepanic and Andrew Pease and Seth Goodwin}, title = {{Playing defense against Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Elastic}, url = {https://www.elastic.co/blog/playing-defense-against-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-26} } Playing defense against Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2020-02-05SentinelOneVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20200205:prorussian:4fab984, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting}}, date = {2020-02-05}, organization = {SentinelOne}, url = {https://labs.sentinelone.com/pro-russian-cyberspy-gamaredon-intensifies-ukrainian-security-targeting/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-09} } Pro-Russian CyberSpy Gamaredon Intensifies Ukrainian Security Targeting
Pteranodon
2019-09-10Github (StrangerealIntel)StrangerealIntel
@online{strangerealintel:20190910:gamaredon:282777f, author = {StrangerealIntel}, title = {{Gamaredon Analysis}}, date = {2019-09-10}, organization = {Github (StrangerealIntel)}, url = {https://github.com/StrangerealIntel/CyberThreatIntel/tree/master/Russia/APT/Gamaredon}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Gamaredon Analysis
Gamaredon Group
2019-07-17IntezerPaul Litvak
@online{litvak:20190717:evilgnome:0874eda, author = {Paul Litvak}, title = {{EvilGnome: Rare Malware Spying on Linux Desktop Users}}, date = {2019-07-17}, organization = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/blog-evilgnome-rare-malware-spying-on-linux-desktop-users/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } EvilGnome: Rare Malware Spying on Linux Desktop Users
EvilGnome
2019-02-07ThreatStopJohn Bambenek
@online{bambenek:20190207:inside:2a18c89, author = {John Bambenek}, title = {{An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2019-02-07}, organization = {ThreatStop}, url = {https://blog.threatstop.com/russian-apt-gamaredon-group}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } An Inside Look at the Infrastructure Behind the Russian APT Gamaredon Group
Pteranodon
2019-01-07Vitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20190107:lets:07f4941, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'}}, date = {2019-01-07}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2019/01/lets-learn-deeper-dive-into-gamaredon.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Let's Learn: Deeper Dive into Gamaredon Group Pteranodon Implant Version '_512'
Pteranodon
2019MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:2019:gamaredon:982ecc4, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Group description: Gamaredon Group}}, date = {2019}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0047/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Group description: Gamaredon Group
Gamaredon Group
2018-11-15Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20181115:pterodo:3ed19e5, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo}}, date = {2018-11-15}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/46}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Виявлена підготовка до проведення кібератаки з використанням ШПЗ типу Pterodo
Pteranodon
2018-09-03Cert-UACert-UA
@online{certua:20180903:bulk:09fa177, author = {Cert-UA}, title = {{Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo}}, date = {2018-09-03}, organization = {Cert-UA}, url = {https://cert.gov.ua/news/42}, language = {Ukrainian}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Bulk mailing of spyware like Pterodo
Pteranodon
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:a88c3f8, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Gamaredon Group
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:322eb5f, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Pteranodon
2017-02-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Anthony Kasza, Dominik Reichel
@online{kasza:20170227:gamaredon:3d28d34, author = {Anthony Kasza and Dominik Reichel}, title = {{The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution}}, date = {2017-02-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/unit-42-title-gamaredon-group-toolset-evolution/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } The Gamaredon Group Toolset Evolution
Gamaredon Group
2016-06-25NSHCNSHC Threatrecon Team
@online{team:20160625:sectorc08:84b8f56, author = {NSHC Threatrecon Team}, title = {{SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine}}, date = {2016-06-25}, organization = {NSHC}, url = {https://threatrecon.nshc.net/2019/06/11/sectorc08-multi-layered-sfx-recent-campaigns-target-ukraine/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } SectorC08: Multi-Layered SFX in Recent Campaigns Target Ukraine
Pteranodon
2015-04-28LookingGlassLookingGlass
@techreport{lookingglass:20150428:operation:68a342f, author = {LookingGlass}, title = {{Operation Armageddon: Cyber Espionage as a Strategic Component of Russian Modern Warfare}}, date = {2015-04-28}, institution = {LookingGlass}, url = {https://www.lookingglasscyber.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Operation_Armageddon_Final.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Operation Armageddon: Cyber Espionage as a Strategic Component of Russian Modern Warfare
Gamaredon Group

Credits: MISP Project