SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.pandabanker (Back to overview)

PandaBanker

aka: ZeusPanda
URLhaus            

According to Arbor, Forcepoint and Proofpoint, Panda is a variant of the well-known Zeus banking trojan(*). Fox IT discovered it in February 2016.

This banking trojan uses the infamous ATS (Automatic Transfer System/Scripts) to automate online bank portal actions.

The baseconfig (c2, crypto material, botnet name, version) is embedded in the malware itself. It then obtains a dynamic config from the c2, with further information about how to grab the webinjects and additional modules, such as vnc, backsocks and grabber.

Panda does have some DGA implemented, but according to Arbor, a bug prevents it from using it.

References
2021-09-03Trend MicroMohamad Mokbel
@techreport{mokbel:20210903:state:df86499, author = {Mohamad Mokbel}, title = {{The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications}}, date = {2021-09-03}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/content/dam/trendmicro/global/en/research/21/i/ssl-tls-technical-brief/ssl-tls-technical-brief.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-19} } The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications
AdWind ostap AsyncRAT BazarBackdoor BitRAT Buer Chthonic CloudEyE Cobalt Strike DCRat Dridex FindPOS GootKit Gozi IcedID ISFB Nanocore RAT Orcus RAT PandaBanker Qadars QakBot Quasar RAT Rockloader ServHelper Shifu SManager TorrentLocker TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus Zloader
2021-08-21Medium CrovaxCrovax
@online{crovax:20210821:panda:38d0b7a, author = {Crovax}, title = {{Panda Banker Analysis Part 1}}, date = {2021-08-21}, organization = {Medium Crovax}, url = {https://medium.com/@crovax/panda-banker-analysis-part-1-d08b3a855847}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-01-25} } Panda Banker Analysis Part 1
PandaBanker
2020-08-09F5 LabsRemi Cohen, Debbie Walkowski
@online{cohen:20200809:banking:8718999, author = {Remi Cohen and Debbie Walkowski}, title = {{Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree}}, date = {2020-08-09}, organization = {F5 Labs}, url = {https://www.f5.com/labs/articles/education/banking-trojans-a-reference-guide-to-the-malware-family-tree}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-29} } Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree
BackSwap Carberp Citadel DanaBot Dridex Dyre Emotet Gozi Kronos PandaBanker Ramnit Shylock SpyEye Tinba TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus
2020-05-20Youtube (nonepizza)nonepizza
@online{nonepizza:20200520:pandabanker:da5cd3c, author = {nonepizza}, title = {{(PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable}}, date = {2020-05-20}, organization = {Youtube (nonepizza)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7VOfAJvxEY}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-29} } (PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable
PandaBanker
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-07-11ProofpointProofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{team:20190711:threat:00e0a1a, author = {Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware}}, date = {2019-07-11}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/threat-actor-profile-ta544-targets-geographies-italy-japan-range-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware
ISFB PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2018-10-09Github (JR0driguezB)JR0driguezB
@online{jr0driguezb:20181009:malware:89b0393, author = {JR0driguezB}, title = {{Malware Configs - Pandabanker}}, date = {2018-10-09}, organization = {Github (JR0driguezB)}, url = {https://github.com/JR0driguezB/malware_configs/tree/master/PandaBanker}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Malware Configs - Pandabanker
PandaBanker
2018-08-20Vitali Kremez BlogVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20180820:lets:d3f938c, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules}}, date = {2018-08-20}, organization = {Vitali Kremez Blog}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2018/08/lets-learn-dissecting-panda-banker.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-23} } Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules
PandaBanker
2018-01-12ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20180112:holiday:b4225b8, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Holiday lull? Not so much}}, date = {2018-01-12}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/holiday-lull-not-so-much}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Holiday lull? Not so much
Dridex Emotet GlobeImposter ISFB Necurs PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2017-12-14ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20171214:zeus:27fa0fe, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers}}, date = {2017-12-14}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/zeus-panda-banking-trojan-targets-online-holiday-shoppers}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers
PandaBanker
2017-11-02TalosEdmund Brumaghin, Earl Carter, Emmanuel Tacheau
@online{brumaghin:20171102:poisoning:c00599d, author = {Edmund Brumaghin and Earl Carter and Emmanuel Tacheau}, title = {{Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results}}, date = {2017-11-02}, organization = {Talos}, url = {http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/11/zeus-panda-campaign.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-21} } Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results
PandaBanker
2017-06-22G DataLuca Ebach
@techreport{ebach:20170622:analysis:25ecd34, author = {Luca Ebach}, title = {{Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda}}, date = {2017-06-22}, institution = {G Data}, url = {https://cyberwtf.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/panda-whitepaper.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-02} } Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda
PandaBanker
2017-03-13Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170313:zeus:9a4fbcd, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes}}, date = {2017-03-13}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/03/13/zeus-panda-webinjects-dont-trust-your-eyes/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes
PandaBanker
2017-02-03Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170203:zeus:02a798a, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study}}, date = {2017-02-03}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/02/03/zeus-panda-webinjects-a-case-study/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-22} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study
PandaBanker
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_pandabanker_auto (20220411 | Detects win.pandabanker.)
rule win_pandabanker_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-04-08"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.pandabanker."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.pandabanker"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20220405"
        malpedia_hash = "ecd38294bd47d5589be5cd5490dc8bb4804afc2a"
        malpedia_version = "20220411"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 6a10 59 f3a4 5f 5e }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   6a10                 | push                0x10
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   f3a4                 | rep movsb           byte ptr es:[edi], byte ptr [esi]
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_1 = { 5d 5b 59 c3 8b4724 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   8b4724               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edi + 0x24]

        $sequence_2 = { 7414 8d55f4 8bcf e8???????? 8d4df4 8bf0 }
            // n = 6, score = 8600
            //   7414                 | je                  0x16
            //   8d55f4               | lea                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   8bcf                 | mov                 ecx, edi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d4df4               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax

        $sequence_3 = { 8d44240c 8b4c2404 50 e8???????? c3 53 }
            // n = 6, score = 8600
            //   8d44240c             | lea                 eax, dword ptr [esp + 0xc]
            //   8b4c2404             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 4]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_4 = { 56 57 8bfa 33f6 8d55f4 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8bfa                 | mov                 edi, edx
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   8d55f4               | lea                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]

        $sequence_5 = { 2375fc e8???????? 5f 8bc6 5e 8be5 5d }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   2375fc               | and                 esi, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   8be5                 | mov                 esp, ebp
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp

        $sequence_6 = { 57 ff36 53 6a01 53 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   ff36                 | push                dword ptr [esi]
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_7 = { 8bce e8???????? 33f6 8bc6 5e 5d 5b }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   33f6                 | xor                 esi, esi
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx

        $sequence_8 = { 83ec0c 53 55 8be9 8954240c }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   83ec0c               | sub                 esp, 0xc
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8be9                 | mov                 ebp, ecx
            //   8954240c             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0xc], edx

        $sequence_9 = { 75f9 2bce 5e 8d040a c3 33c0 c3 }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   75f9                 | jne                 0xfffffffb
            //   2bce                 | sub                 ecx, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   8d040a               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [edx + ecx]
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   c3                   | ret                 

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 417792
}
Download all Yara Rules