SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.pandabanker (Back to overview)

PandaBanker

aka: ZeusPanda
URLhaus            

According to Arbor, Forcepoint and Proofpoint, Panda is a variant of the well-known Zeus banking trojan(*). Fox IT discovered it in February 2016.

This banking trojan uses the infamous ATS (Automatic Transfer System/Scripts) to automate online bank portal actions.

The baseconfig (c2, crypto material, botnet name, version) is embedded in the malware itself. It then obtains a dynamic config from the c2, with further information about how to grab the webinjects and additional modules, such as vnc, backsocks and grabber.

Panda does have some DGA implemented, but according to Arbor, a bug prevents it from using it.

References
2021-09-03Trend MicroMohamad Mokbel
@techreport{mokbel:20210903:state:df86499, author = {Mohamad Mokbel}, title = {{The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications}}, date = {2021-09-03}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/content/dam/trendmicro/global/en/research/21/i/ssl-tls-technical-brief/ssl-tls-technical-brief.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-19} } The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications
AdWind ostap AsyncRAT BazarBackdoor BitRAT Buer Chthonic CloudEyE Cobalt Strike DCRat Dridex FindPOS GootKit Gozi IcedID ISFB Nanocore RAT Orcus RAT PandaBanker Qadars QakBot Quasar RAT Rockloader ServHelper Shifu SManager TorrentLocker TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus Zloader
2020-08-09F5 LabsRemi Cohen, Debbie Walkowski
@online{cohen:20200809:banking:8718999, author = {Remi Cohen and Debbie Walkowski}, title = {{Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree}}, date = {2020-08-09}, organization = {F5 Labs}, url = {https://www.f5.com/labs/articles/education/banking-trojans-a-reference-guide-to-the-malware-family-tree}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-29} } Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree
BackSwap Carberp Citadel DanaBot Dridex Dyre Emotet Gozi Kronos PandaBanker Ramnit Shylock SpyEye Tinba TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus
2020-05-20Youtube (nonepizza)nonepizza
@online{nonepizza:20200520:pandabanker:da5cd3c, author = {nonepizza}, title = {{(PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable}}, date = {2020-05-20}, organization = {Youtube (nonepizza)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7VOfAJvxEY}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-29} } (PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable
PandaBanker
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-07-11ProofpointProofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{team:20190711:threat:00e0a1a, author = {Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware}}, date = {2019-07-11}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/threat-actor-profile-ta544-targets-geographies-italy-japan-range-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware
ISFB PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2018-10-09Github (JR0driguezB)JR0driguezB
@online{jr0driguezb:20181009:malware:89b0393, author = {JR0driguezB}, title = {{Malware Configs - Pandabanker}}, date = {2018-10-09}, organization = {Github (JR0driguezB)}, url = {https://github.com/JR0driguezB/malware_configs/tree/master/PandaBanker}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Malware Configs - Pandabanker
PandaBanker
2018-08-20Vitali Kremez BlogVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20180820:lets:d3f938c, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules}}, date = {2018-08-20}, organization = {Vitali Kremez Blog}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2018/08/lets-learn-dissecting-panda-banker.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-23} } Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules
PandaBanker
2018-01-12ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20180112:holiday:b4225b8, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Holiday lull? Not so much}}, date = {2018-01-12}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/holiday-lull-not-so-much}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Holiday lull? Not so much
Dridex Emotet GlobeImposter ISFB Necurs PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2017-12-14ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20171214:zeus:27fa0fe, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers}}, date = {2017-12-14}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/zeus-panda-banking-trojan-targets-online-holiday-shoppers}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers
PandaBanker
2017-11-02TalosEdmund Brumaghin, Earl Carter, Emmanuel Tacheau
@online{brumaghin:20171102:poisoning:c00599d, author = {Edmund Brumaghin and Earl Carter and Emmanuel Tacheau}, title = {{Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results}}, date = {2017-11-02}, organization = {Talos}, url = {http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/11/zeus-panda-campaign.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-21} } Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results
PandaBanker
2017-06-22G DataLuca Ebach
@techreport{ebach:20170622:analysis:25ecd34, author = {Luca Ebach}, title = {{Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda}}, date = {2017-06-22}, institution = {G Data}, url = {https://cyberwtf.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/panda-whitepaper.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-02} } Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda
PandaBanker
2017-03-13Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170313:zeus:9a4fbcd, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes}}, date = {2017-03-13}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/03/13/zeus-panda-webinjects-dont-trust-your-eyes/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes
PandaBanker
2017-02-03Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170203:zeus:02a798a, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study}}, date = {2017-02-03}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/02/03/zeus-panda-webinjects-a-case-study/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-22} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study
PandaBanker
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_pandabanker_auto (20211008 | Detects win.pandabanker.)
rule win_pandabanker_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-10-07"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.pandabanker."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.pandabanker"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20211007"
        malpedia_hash = "e5b790e0f888f252d49063a1251ca60ec2832535"
        malpedia_version = "20211008"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { c7400c06000000 c3 53 57 8bf9 33db }
            // n = 6, score = 8600
            //   c7400c06000000       | mov                 dword ptr [eax + 0xc], 6
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8bf9                 | mov                 edi, ecx
            //   33db                 | xor                 ebx, ebx

        $sequence_1 = { 8b10 e8???????? 8d4c2414 88442414 e8???????? 8344241004 43 }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   8b10                 | mov                 edx, dword ptr [eax]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d4c2414             | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x14]
            //   88442414             | mov                 byte ptr [esp + 0x14], al
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8344241004           | add                 dword ptr [esp + 0x10], 4
            //   43                   | inc                 ebx

        $sequence_2 = { 0f8483000000 8b542410 8bce 2b0f 32c0 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   0f8483000000         | je                  0x89
            //   8b542410             | mov                 edx, dword ptr [esp + 0x10]
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   2b0f                 | sub                 ecx, dword ptr [edi]
            //   32c0                 | xor                 al, al

        $sequence_3 = { e8???????? 8bf0 85f6 7450 57 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7450                 | je                  0x52
            //   57                   | push                edi

        $sequence_4 = { 25fffeffff 89460c 8b4714 894614 8b4f10 85c9 740c }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   25fffeffff           | and                 eax, 0xfffffeff
            //   89460c               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 0xc], eax
            //   8b4714               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edi + 0x14]
            //   894614               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 0x14], eax
            //   8b4f10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [edi + 0x10]
            //   85c9                 | test                ecx, ecx
            //   740c                 | je                  0xe

        $sequence_5 = { ff15???????? e9???????? 32c0 8bd3 }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   32c0                 | xor                 al, al
            //   8bd3                 | mov                 edx, ebx

        $sequence_6 = { 57 8b463c 85d2 747b }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8b463c               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [esi + 0x3c]
            //   85d2                 | test                edx, edx
            //   747b                 | je                  0x7d

        $sequence_7 = { 43 85f6 75eb 8b6c2414 85f6 740b }
            // n = 6, score = 8600
            //   43                   | inc                 ebx
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   75eb                 | jne                 0xffffffed
            //   8b6c2414             | mov                 ebp, dword ptr [esp + 0x14]
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   740b                 | je                  0xd

        $sequence_8 = { 8b4c2420 e8???????? 8b4c2424 e8???????? 5f 5e }
            // n = 6, score = 8600
            //   8b4c2420             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x20]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b4c2424             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esp + 0x24]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_9 = { e9???????? 32c0 8bd3 c1e202 8bfe 8bca 45 }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   32c0                 | xor                 al, al
            //   8bd3                 | mov                 edx, ebx
            //   c1e202               | shl                 edx, 2
            //   8bfe                 | mov                 edi, esi
            //   8bca                 | mov                 ecx, edx
            //   45                   | inc                 ebp

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 417792
}
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