SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.pandabanker (Back to overview)

PandaBanker

aka: ZeusPanda
URLhaus            

According to Arbor, Forcepoint and Proofpoint, Panda is a variant of the well-known Zeus banking trojan(*). Fox IT discovered it in February 2016.

This banking trojan uses the infamous ATS (Automatic Transfer System/Scripts) to automate online bank portal actions.

The baseconfig (c2, crypto material, botnet name, version) is embedded in the malware itself. It then obtains a dynamic config from the c2, with further information about how to grab the webinjects and additional modules, such as vnc, backsocks and grabber.

Panda does have some DGA implemented, but according to Arbor, a bug prevents it from using it.

References
2021-09-03Trend MicroMohamad Mokbel
@techreport{mokbel:20210903:state:df86499, author = {Mohamad Mokbel}, title = {{The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications}}, date = {2021-09-03}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/content/dam/trendmicro/global/en/research/21/i/ssl-tls-technical-brief/ssl-tls-technical-brief.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-19} } The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications
AdWind ostap AsyncRAT BazarBackdoor BitRAT Buer Chthonic CloudEyE Cobalt Strike DCRat Dridex FindPOS GootKit Gozi IcedID ISFB Nanocore RAT Orcus RAT PandaBanker Qadars QakBot Quasar RAT Rockloader ServHelper Shifu SManager TorrentLocker TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus Zloader
2021-08-21Medium CrovaxCrovax
@online{crovax:20210821:panda:38d0b7a, author = {Crovax}, title = {{Panda Banker Analysis Part 1}}, date = {2021-08-21}, organization = {Medium Crovax}, url = {https://medium.com/@crovax/panda-banker-analysis-part-1-d08b3a855847}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-01-25} } Panda Banker Analysis Part 1
PandaBanker
2020-08-09F5 LabsRemi Cohen, Debbie Walkowski
@online{cohen:20200809:banking:8718999, author = {Remi Cohen and Debbie Walkowski}, title = {{Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree}}, date = {2020-08-09}, organization = {F5 Labs}, url = {https://www.f5.com/labs/articles/education/banking-trojans-a-reference-guide-to-the-malware-family-tree}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-29} } Banking Trojans: A Reference Guide to the Malware Family Tree
BackSwap Carberp Citadel DanaBot Dridex Dyre Emotet Gozi Kronos PandaBanker Ramnit Shylock SpyEye Tinba TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus
2020-05-20Youtube (nonepizza)nonepizza
@online{nonepizza:20200520:pandabanker:da5cd3c, author = {nonepizza}, title = {{(PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable}}, date = {2020-05-20}, organization = {Youtube (nonepizza)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7VOfAJvxEY}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-29} } (PandaBanker Analysis) Fixing Corrupted PE Headers and Unmapping an Executable
PandaBanker
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-07-11ProofpointProofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{team:20190711:threat:00e0a1a, author = {Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware}}, date = {2019-07-11}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/threat-actor-profile-ta544-targets-geographies-italy-japan-range-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Threat Actor Profile: TA544 targets geographies from Italy to Japan with a range of malware
ISFB PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2018-10-09Github (JR0driguezB)JR0driguezB
@online{jr0driguezb:20181009:malware:89b0393, author = {JR0driguezB}, title = {{Malware Configs - Pandabanker}}, date = {2018-10-09}, organization = {Github (JR0driguezB)}, url = {https://github.com/JR0driguezB/malware_configs/tree/master/PandaBanker}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Malware Configs - Pandabanker
PandaBanker
2018-08-20Vitali Kremez BlogVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20180820:lets:d3f938c, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules}}, date = {2018-08-20}, organization = {Vitali Kremez Blog}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2018/08/lets-learn-dissecting-panda-banker.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-23} } Let's Learn: Dissecting Panda Banker & Modules: Webinject, Grabber & Keylogger DLL Modules
PandaBanker
2018-01-12ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20180112:holiday:b4225b8, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Holiday lull? Not so much}}, date = {2018-01-12}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/holiday-lull-not-so-much}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-31} } Holiday lull? Not so much
Dridex Emotet GlobeImposter ISFB Necurs PandaBanker UrlZone NARWHAL SPIDER
2017-12-14ProofpointProofpoint Staff
@online{staff:20171214:zeus:27fa0fe, author = {Proofpoint Staff}, title = {{Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers}}, date = {2017-12-14}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/zeus-panda-banking-trojan-targets-online-holiday-shoppers}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Zeus Panda Banking Trojan Targets Online Holiday Shoppers
PandaBanker
2017-11-02TalosEdmund Brumaghin, Earl Carter, Emmanuel Tacheau
@online{brumaghin:20171102:poisoning:c00599d, author = {Edmund Brumaghin and Earl Carter and Emmanuel Tacheau}, title = {{Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results}}, date = {2017-11-02}, organization = {Talos}, url = {http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/11/zeus-panda-campaign.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-21} } Poisoning the Well: Banking Trojan Targets Google Search Results
PandaBanker
2017-06-22G DataLuca Ebach
@techreport{ebach:20170622:analysis:25ecd34, author = {Luca Ebach}, title = {{Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda}}, date = {2017-06-22}, institution = {G Data}, url = {https://cyberwtf.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/panda-whitepaper.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-02} } Analysis Results of Zeus.Variant.Panda
PandaBanker
2017-03-13Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170313:zeus:9a4fbcd, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes}}, date = {2017-03-13}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/03/13/zeus-panda-webinjects-dont-trust-your-eyes/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: Don’t trust your eyes
PandaBanker
2017-02-03Manuel K.-B.
@online{kb:20170203:zeus:02a798a, author = {Manuel K.-B.}, title = {{Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study}}, date = {2017-02-03}, url = {https://cyber.wtf/2017/02/03/zeus-panda-webinjects-a-case-study/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-22} } Zeus Panda Webinjects: a case study
PandaBanker
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_pandabanker_auto (20230125 | Detects win.pandabanker.)
rule win_pandabanker_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2023-01-25"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.pandabanker."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.pandabanker"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20230124"
        malpedia_hash = "2ee0eebba83dce3d019a90519f2f972c0fcf9686"
        malpedia_version = "20230125"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 85f6 7e26 8be8 8d831c020000 8bd8 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7e26                 | jle                 0x28
            //   8be8                 | mov                 ebp, eax
            //   8d831c020000         | lea                 eax, [ebx + 0x21c]
            //   8bd8                 | mov                 ebx, eax

        $sequence_1 = { 57 8bfa 66833e00 7409 }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8bfa                 | mov                 edi, edx
            //   66833e00             | cmp                 word ptr [esi], 0
            //   7409                 | je                  0xb

        $sequence_2 = { 8d04ab 8b5c2434 8bef 8944241c }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   8d04ab               | lea                 eax, [ebx + ebp*4]
            //   8b5c2434             | mov                 ebx, dword ptr [esp + 0x34]
            //   8bef                 | mov                 ebp, edi
            //   8944241c             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x1c], eax

        $sequence_3 = { 7f32 390f 0f8e96000000 8d5740 }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   7f32                 | jg                  0x34
            //   390f                 | cmp                 dword ptr [edi], ecx
            //   0f8e96000000         | jle                 0x9c
            //   8d5740               | lea                 edx, [edi + 0x40]

        $sequence_4 = { 663b4306 89442418 72bf 5f 5e }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   663b4306             | cmp                 ax, word ptr [ebx + 6]
            //   89442418             | mov                 dword ptr [esp + 0x18], eax
            //   72bf                 | jb                  0xffffffc1
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_5 = { 8bf0 85f6 7414 e8???????? 8906 85c0 7509 }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   7414                 | je                  0x16
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8906                 | mov                 dword ptr [esi], eax
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7509                 | jne                 0xb

        $sequence_6 = { 40 89470c 894714 ebc2 8a06 3c22 750b }
            // n = 7, score = 8600
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   89470c               | mov                 dword ptr [edi + 0xc], eax
            //   894714               | mov                 dword ptr [edi + 0x14], eax
            //   ebc2                 | jmp                 0xffffffc4
            //   8a06                 | mov                 al, byte ptr [esi]
            //   3c22                 | cmp                 al, 0x22
            //   750b                 | jne                 0xd

        $sequence_7 = { 8b4910 e8???????? e9???????? 8bd7 }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   8b4910               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ecx + 0x10]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8bd7                 | mov                 edx, edi

        $sequence_8 = { 8344241404 3bf3 0f8c2bffffff 33d2 395704 }
            // n = 5, score = 8600
            //   8344241404           | add                 dword ptr [esp + 0x14], 4
            //   3bf3                 | cmp                 esi, ebx
            //   0f8c2bffffff         | jl                  0xffffff31
            //   33d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   395704               | cmp                 dword ptr [edi + 4], edx

        $sequence_9 = { f7da 1bd2 23d5 8bc2 }
            // n = 4, score = 8600
            //   f7da                 | neg                 edx
            //   1bd2                 | sbb                 edx, edx
            //   23d5                 | and                 edx, ebp
            //   8bc2                 | mov                 eax, edx

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 417792
}
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