SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.formbook (Back to overview)

Formbook

Actor(s): SWEED, Cobalt

URLhaus        

FormBook contains a unique crypter RunPE that has unique behavioral patterns subject to detection. It was initially called "Babushka Crypter" by Insidemalware.

References
2020-11-19SANS ISC InfoSec ForumsXavier Mertens
@online{mertens:20201119:powershell:72b44bf, author = {Xavier Mertens}, title = {{PowerShell Dropper Delivering Formbook}}, date = {2020-11-19}, organization = {SANS ISC InfoSec Forums}, url = {https://isc.sans.edu/diary/26806}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-19} } PowerShell Dropper Delivering Formbook
Formbook
2020-11-05tccontre Blogtcontre
@online{tcontre:20201105:interesting:17c82b2, author = {tcontre}, title = {{Interesting FormBook Crypter - unconventional way to store encrypted data}}, date = {2020-11-05}, organization = {tccontre Blog}, url = {https://tccontre.blogspot.com/2020/11/interesting-formbook-crypter.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-06} } Interesting FormBook Crypter - unconventional way to store encrypted data
Formbook
2020-07-29ESET Researchwelivesecurity
@techreport{welivesecurity:20200729:threat:496355c, author = {welivesecurity}, title = {{THREAT REPORT Q2 2020}}, date = {2020-07-29}, institution = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/ESET_Threat_Report_Q22020.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-30} } THREAT REPORT Q2 2020
DEFENSOR ID HiddenAd Bundlore Pirrit Agent.BTZ Cerber ClipBanker CROSSWALK Cryptowall CTB Locker DanaBot Dharma Formbook Gandcrab Grandoreiro Houdini ISFB LockBit Locky Mailto Maze Microcin Nemty NjRAT Phobos Ransomware PlugX Pony REvil Socelars STOP Ransomware Tinba TrickBot WannaCryptor
2020-07-22S2W LAB Inc.S2W LAB INTELLIGENCE TEAM
@online{team:20200722:formbook:6297801, author = {S2W LAB INTELLIGENCE TEAM}, title = {{'FormBook Tracker' unveiled on the Dark Web}}, date = {2020-07-22}, organization = {S2W LAB Inc.}, url = {https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oxINyIJfMtv_upJqRK9vLSchIBaU8wiU/view}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-14} } 'FormBook Tracker' unveiled on the Dark Web
Formbook
2020-05-14SophosLabsMarkel Picado
@online{picado:20200514:raticate:6334722, author = {Markel Picado}, title = {{RATicate: an attacker’s waves of information-stealing malware}}, date = {2020-05-14}, organization = {SophosLabs}, url = {https://news.sophos.com/en-us/2020/05/14/raticate/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } RATicate: an attacker’s waves of information-stealing malware
Agent Tesla BetaBot BlackRemote Formbook Loki Password Stealer (PWS) NetWire RC NjRAT Remcos
2020-04-01CiscoShyam Sundar Ramaswami, Andrea Kaiser
@online{ramaswami:20200401:navigating:965952a, author = {Shyam Sundar Ramaswami and Andrea Kaiser}, title = {{Navigating Cybersecurity During a Pandemic: Latest Malware and Threat Actors}}, date = {2020-04-01}, organization = {Cisco}, url = {https://umbrella.cisco.com/blog/navigating-cybersecurity-during-a-pandemic-latest-malware-and-threat-actors}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-19} } Navigating Cybersecurity During a Pandemic: Latest Malware and Threat Actors
Azorult CloudEyE Formbook KPOT Stealer Metamorfo Nanocore RAT NetWire RC TrickBot
2020-03-24AviraAvira Protection Labs
@online{labs:20200324:new:88d7b1d, author = {Avira Protection Labs}, title = {{A new technique to analyze FormBook malware infections}}, date = {2020-03-24}, organization = {Avira}, url = {https://insights.oem.avira.com/a-new-technique-to-analyze-formbook-malware-infections/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-01} } A new technique to analyze FormBook malware infections
Formbook
2020-01-19360kate
@online{kate:20200119:bayworld:2cc2212, author = {kate}, title = {{BayWorld event, Cyber Attack Against Foreign Trade Industry}}, date = {2020-01-19}, organization = {360}, url = {https://blog.360totalsecurity.com/en/bayworld-event-cyber-attack-against-foreign-trade-industry/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } BayWorld event, Cyber Attack Against Foreign Trade Industry
Azorult Formbook Nanocore RAT Revenge RAT
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-09-26ProofpointBryan Campbell, Jeremy Hedges, Proofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{campbell:20190926:new:d228362, author = {Bryan Campbell and Jeremy Hedges and Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{New WhiteShadow downloader uses Microsoft SQL to retrieve malware}}, date = {2019-09-26}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/new-whiteshadow-downloader-uses-microsoft-sql-retrieve-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-26} } New WhiteShadow downloader uses Microsoft SQL to retrieve malware
WhiteShadow Agent Tesla Azorult Crimson RAT Formbook Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Remcos
2019-07-15Cisco TalosEdmund Brumaghin
@online{brumaghin:20190715:sweed:9725699, author = {Edmund Brumaghin}, title = {{SWEED: Exposing years of Agent Tesla campaigns}}, date = {2019-07-15}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/07/sweed-agent-tesla.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } SWEED: Exposing years of Agent Tesla campaigns
Agent Tesla Formbook Loki Password Stealer (PWS) SWEED
2019-06-12CyberbitHod Gavriel
@online{gavriel:20190612:formbook:8dc2df9, author = {Hod Gavriel}, title = {{Formbook Research Hints Large Data Theft Attack Brewing}}, date = {2019-06-12}, organization = {Cyberbit}, url = {https://www.cyberbit.com/formbook-research-hints-large-data-theft-attack-brewing/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-21} } Formbook Research Hints Large Data Theft Attack Brewing
Formbook
2019-05-02Usual Suspect REJohann Aydinbas
@online{aydinbas:20190502:formbook:d1ef715, author = {Johann Aydinbas}, title = {{FormBook - Hiding in plain sight}}, date = {2019-05-02}, organization = {Usual Suspect RE}, url = {https://usualsuspect.re/article/formbook-hiding-in-plain-sight}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } FormBook - Hiding in plain sight
Formbook
2019-01Virus BulletinGabriela Nicolao
@online{nicolao:201901:inside:a4c68f3, author = {Gabriela Nicolao}, title = {{Inside Formbook infostealer}}, date = {2019-01}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2019/01/vb2018-paper-inside-formbook-infostealer/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } Inside Formbook infostealer
Formbook
2018-12-05BotconfRémi Jullian
@techreport{jullian:20181205:formbook:40cf2ad, author = {Rémi Jullian}, title = {{FORMBOOK In-depth malware analysis}}, date = {2018-12-05}, institution = {Botconf}, url = {https://www.botconf.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/2018-R-Jullian-In-depth-Formbook-Malware-Analysis.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } FORMBOOK In-depth malware analysis
Formbook
2018-11-01PeerlystSudhendu
@online{sudhendu:20181101:how:582221a, author = {Sudhendu}, title = {{How to Analyse FormBook - A New Malware-as-a-Service}}, date = {2018-11-01}, organization = {Peerlyst}, url = {https://www.peerlyst.com/posts/how-to-analyse-formbook-a-new-malware-as-a-service-sudhendu?trk=explore_page_resources_recent}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } How to Analyse FormBook - A New Malware-as-a-Service
Formbook
2018-10-16PeerlystSudhendu
@online{sudhendu:20181016:how:8aa1eed, author = {Sudhendu}, title = {{How to understand FormBook - A New Malware-as-a-Service}}, date = {2018-10-16}, organization = {Peerlyst}, url = {https://www.peerlyst.com/posts/how-to-understand-formbook-a-new-malware-as-a-service-sudhendu?}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } How to understand FormBook - A New Malware-as-a-Service
Formbook
2018-06-22InQuestAswanda
@online{aswanda:20180622:formbook:ce3c98b, author = {Aswanda}, title = {{FormBook stealer: Data theft made easy}}, date = {2018-06-22}, organization = {InQuest}, url = {http://blog.inquest.net/blog/2018/06/22/a-look-at-formbook-stealer/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } FormBook stealer: Data theft made easy
Formbook
2018-06-20Cisco TalosWarren Mercer, Paul Rascagnères
@online{mercer:20180620:my:9c08115, author = {Warren Mercer and Paul Rascagnères}, title = {{My Little FormBook}}, date = {2018-06-20}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/06/my-little-formbook.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } My Little FormBook
Formbook
2018-03-29StormshieldRémi Jullian
@online{jullian:20180329:indepth:badef63, author = {Rémi Jullian}, title = {{In-depth Formbook malware analysis – Obfuscation and process injection}}, date = {2018-03-29}, organization = {Stormshield}, url = {https://thisissecurity.stormshield.com/2018/03/29/in-depth-formbook-malware-analysis-obfuscation-and-process-injection/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } In-depth Formbook malware analysis – Obfuscation and process injection
Formbook
2018-01-29Vitali Kremez BlogVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20180129:lets:450880d, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Dissecting FormBook Infostealer Malware: Crypter & "RunLib.dll"}}, date = {2018-01-29}, organization = {Vitali Kremez Blog}, url = {http://www.vkremez.com/2018/01/lets-learn-dissecting-formbook.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Let's Learn: Dissecting FormBook Infostealer Malware: Crypter & "RunLib.dll"
Formbook
2017-10-05FireEyeNart Villeneuve, Randi Eitzman, Sandor Nemes, Tyler Dean
@online{villeneuve:20171005:significant:0b91e49, author = {Nart Villeneuve and Randi Eitzman and Sandor Nemes and Tyler Dean}, title = {{Significant FormBook Distribution Campaigns Impacting the U.S. and South Korea}}, date = {2017-10-05}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/10/formbook-malware-distribution-campaigns.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Significant FormBook Distribution Campaigns Impacting the U.S. and South Korea
Formbook
2017-09-20NetScoutDennis Schwarz
@online{schwarz:20170920:formidable:654d8e3, author = {Dennis Schwarz}, title = {{The Formidable FormBook Form Grabber}}, date = {2017-09-20}, organization = {NetScout}, url = {https://www.arbornetworks.com/blog/asert/formidable-formbook-form-grabber/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-09} } The Formidable FormBook Form Grabber
Formbook
2016-06Safety First BlogSL4ID3R
@online{sl4id3r:201606:form:53a7823, author = {SL4ID3R}, title = {{Form Grabber 2016 [Crome,FF,Opera,Thunderbird, Outlook IE Safari] Hack the world}}, date = {2016-06}, organization = {Safety First Blog}, url = {http://cambuz.blogspot.de/2016/06/form-grabber-2016-cromeffoperathunderbi.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-26} } Form Grabber 2016 [Crome,FF,Opera,Thunderbird, Outlook IE Safari] Hack the world
Formbook
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_formbook_auto (20201014 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_formbook_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-10-14"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.5.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.formbook"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20201014"
        malpedia_hash = "a7e3bd57eaf12bf3ea29a863c041091ba3af9ac9"
        malpedia_version = "20201014"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { e8???????? 8b55b0 6a00 52 56 89459c }
            // n = 6, score = 1100
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b55b0               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x50]
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   89459c               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x64], eax

        $sequence_1 = { 55 8bec 81ec10040000 56 57 33c0 680e040000 }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8bec                 | mov                 ebp, esp
            //   81ec10040000         | sub                 esp, 0x410
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   680e040000           | push                0x40e

        $sequence_2 = { 83c420 5f 83e002 5e }
            // n = 4, score = 1100
            //   83c420               | add                 esp, 0x20
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   83e002               | and                 eax, 2
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_3 = { e8???????? 830704 83c40c 830605 5f 5e 8be5 }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   830704               | add                 dword ptr [edi], 4
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   830605               | add                 dword ptr [esi], 5
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   8be5                 | mov                 esp, ebp

        $sequence_4 = { 55 8bec 83ec08 64a118000000 8b4030 8945fc 8b45fc }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8bec                 | mov                 ebp, esp
            //   83ec08               | sub                 esp, 8
            //   64a118000000         | mov                 eax, dword ptr fs:[0x18]
            //   8b4030               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax + 0x30]
            //   8945fc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], eax
            //   8b45fc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_5 = { 56 8b750c 56 e8???????? 8b4514 6a00 }
            // n = 6, score = 1100
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   8b750c               | mov                 esi, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b4514               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x14]
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_6 = { 8b08 52 51 c7400800000000 }
            // n = 4, score = 1100
            //   8b08                 | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [eax]
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   c7400800000000       | mov                 dword ptr [eax + 8], 0

        $sequence_7 = { 57 e8???????? 8d8d50ffffff 8bd1 52 894df8 e8???????? }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d8d50ffffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0xb0]
            //   8bd1                 | mov                 edx, ecx
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   894df8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_8 = { 8be5 5d c3 8b4514 8d149b 8b7c9018 8b4c9014 }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   8be5                 | mov                 esp, ebp
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   8b4514               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x14]
            //   8d149b               | lea                 edx, [ebx + ebx*4]
            //   8b7c9018             | mov                 edi, dword ptr [eax + edx*4 + 0x18]
            //   8b4c9014             | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [eax + edx*4 + 0x14]

        $sequence_9 = { 5b 8be5 5d c3 8b5518 8b450c 56 }
            // n = 7, score = 1100
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   8be5                 | mov                 esp, ebp
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   c3                   | ret                 
            //   8b5518               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x18]
            //   8b450c               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   56                   | push                esi

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 352256
}
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