SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.nanocore (Back to overview)

Nanocore RAT

aka: Nancrat, NanoCore

Actor(s): APT33, The Gorgon Group

URLhaus              

Nanocore is a Remote Access Tool used to steal credentials and to spy on cameras. It as been used for a while by numerous criminal actors as well as by nation state threat actors.

References
2021-09-20Trend MicroAliakbar Zahravi, William Gamazo Sanchez
@online{zahravi:20210920:water:63df486, author = {Aliakbar Zahravi and William Gamazo Sanchez}, title = {{Water Basilisk Uses New HCrypt Variant to Flood Victims with RAT Payloads}}, date = {2021-09-20}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/21/i/Water-Basilisk-Uses-New-HCrypt-Variant-to-Flood-Victims-with-RAT-Payloads.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-22} } Water Basilisk Uses New HCrypt Variant to Flood Victims with RAT Payloads
Ave Maria BitRAT LimeRAT Nanocore RAT NjRAT Quasar RAT
2021-09-03Trend MicroMohamad Mokbel
@techreport{mokbel:20210903:state:df86499, author = {Mohamad Mokbel}, title = {{The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications}}, date = {2021-09-03}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/content/dam/trendmicro/global/en/research/21/i/ssl-tls-technical-brief/ssl-tls-technical-brief.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-19} } The State of SSL/TLS Certificate Usage in Malware C&C Communications
AdWind ostap AsyncRAT BazarBackdoor BitRAT Buer Chthonic CloudEyE Cobalt Strike DCRat Dridex FindPOS GootKit Gozi IcedID ISFB Nanocore RAT Orcus RAT PandaBanker Qadars QakBot Quasar RAT Rockloader ServHelper Shifu SManager TorrentLocker TrickBot Vawtrak Zeus Zloader
2021-07-12IBMMelissa Frydrych, Claire Zaboeva, Dan Dash
@online{frydrych:20210712:roboski:1f66418, author = {Melissa Frydrych and Claire Zaboeva and Dan Dash}, title = {{RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation}}, date = {2021-07-12}, organization = {IBM}, url = {https://securityintelligence.com/posts/roboski-global-recovery-automation/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-20} } RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation
404 Keylogger Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult BitRAT Formbook HawkEye Keylogger Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT RedLine Stealer Remcos
2021-07-12Cipher Tech SolutionsMelissa Frydrych, Claire Zaboeva, Dan Dash
@online{frydrych:20210712:roboski:a3c66bf, author = {Melissa Frydrych and Claire Zaboeva and Dan Dash}, title = {{RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation}}, date = {2021-07-12}, organization = {Cipher Tech Solutions}, url = {https://www.ciphertechsolutions.com/roboski-global-recovery-automation/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-20} } RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation
404 Keylogger Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult BitRAT Formbook HawkEye Keylogger Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT RedLine Stealer Remcos
2021-05-05ZscalerAniruddha Dolas, Mohd Sadique, Manohar Ghule
@online{dolas:20210505:catching:ace83fc, author = {Aniruddha Dolas and Mohd Sadique and Manohar Ghule}, title = {{Catching RATs Over Custom Protocols Analysis of top non-HTTP/S threats}}, date = {2021-05-05}, organization = {Zscaler}, url = {https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/security-research/catching-rats-over-custom-protocols}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-08} } Catching RATs Over Custom Protocols Analysis of top non-HTTP/S threats
Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Crimson RAT CyberGate Ghost RAT Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT Remcos
2021-04-21TalosVanja Svajcer
@online{svajcer:20210421:year:4741c8e, author = {Vanja Svajcer}, title = {{A year of Fajan evolution and Bloomberg themed campaigns}}, date = {2021-04-21}, organization = {Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2021/04/a-year-of-fajan-evolution-and-bloomberg.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-04-28} } A year of Fajan evolution and Bloomberg themed campaigns
MASS Logger Nanocore RAT NetWire RC Revenge RAT XpertRAT
2021-03-11TrustwaveDiana Lopera
@online{lopera:20210311:image:dbb9908, author = {Diana Lopera}, title = {{Image File Trickery Part II: Fake Icon Delivers NanoCore}}, date = {2021-03-11}, organization = {Trustwave}, url = {https://www.trustwave.com/en-us/resources/blogs/spiderlabs-blog/image-file-trickery-part-ii-fake-icon-delivers-nanocore/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-03-16} } Image File Trickery Part II: Fake Icon Delivers NanoCore
Nanocore RAT
2021-02-25IntezerIntezer
@techreport{intezer:20210225:year:eb47cd1, author = {Intezer}, title = {{Year of the Gopher A 2020 Go Malware Round-Up}}, date = {2021-02-25}, institution = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Intezer-2020-Go-Malware-Round-Up.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-30} } Year of the Gopher A 2020 Go Malware Round-Up
NiuB WellMail elf.wellmess ArdaMax AsyncRAT CyberGate DarkComet Glupteba Nanocore RAT Nefilim NjRAT Quasar RAT WellMess Zebrocy
2020-12-21Cisco TalosJON MUNSHAW
@online{munshaw:20201221:2020:4a88f84, author = {JON MUNSHAW}, title = {{2020: The year in malware}}, date = {2020-12-21}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/12/2020-year-in-malware.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-26} } 2020: The year in malware
WolfRAT Prometei Poet RAT Agent Tesla Astaroth Ave Maria CRAT Emotet Gozi IndigoDrop JhoneRAT Nanocore RAT NjRAT Oblique RAT SmokeLoader StrongPity WastedLocker Zloader
2020-12-10US-CERTUS-CERT, FBI, MS-ISAC
@online{uscert:20201210:alert:a5ec77e, author = {US-CERT and FBI and MS-ISAC}, title = {{Alert (AA20-345A): Cyber Actors Target K-12 Distance Learning Education to Cause Disruptions and Steal Data}}, date = {2020-12-10}, organization = {US-CERT}, url = {https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ncas/alerts/aa20-345a}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-11} } Alert (AA20-345A): Cyber Actors Target K-12 Distance Learning Education to Cause Disruptions and Steal Data
PerlBot Shlayer Agent Tesla Cerber Dridex Ghost RAT Kovter Maze MedusaLocker Nanocore RAT Nefilim REvil Ryuk Zeus
2020-11-18G DataG-Data
@online{gdata:20201118:business:f4eda3a, author = {G-Data}, title = {{Business as usual: Criminal Activities in Times of a Global Pandemic}}, date = {2020-11-18}, organization = {G Data}, url = {https://www.gdatasoftware.com/blog/global-pandemic-remcos-tesla-netwire}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-23} } Business as usual: Criminal Activities in Times of a Global Pandemic
Agent Tesla Nanocore RAT NetWire RC Remcos
2020-09-18SymantecThreat Hunter Team
@online{team:20200918:elfin:dff6499, author = {Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Elfin: Latest U.S. Indictments Appear to Target Iranian Espionage Group}}, date = {2020-09-18}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/elfin-indictments-iran-espionage}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } Elfin: Latest U.S. Indictments Appear to Target Iranian Espionage Group
Nanocore RAT
2020-09-17FBIFBI
@techreport{fbi:20200917:fbi:9893ba0, author = {FBI}, title = {{FBI PIN Number 20200917-001: IRGC-Associated Cyber Operations Against US Company Networks}}, date = {2020-09-17}, institution = {FBI}, url = {https://www.ic3.gov/media/news/2020/200917-1.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } FBI PIN Number 20200917-001: IRGC-Associated Cyber Operations Against US Company Networks
MimiKatz Nanocore RAT
2020-09-10Medium mariohenkelMario Henkel
@online{henkel:20200910:decrypting:2bcb10d, author = {Mario Henkel}, title = {{Decrypting NanoCore config and dump all plugins}}, date = {2020-09-10}, organization = {Medium mariohenkel}, url = {https://medium.com/@mariohenkel/decrypting-nanocore-config-and-dump-all-plugins-f4944bfaba52}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-10} } Decrypting NanoCore config and dump all plugins
Nanocore RAT
2020-08-26ProofpointProofpoint Threat Research Team
@online{team:20200826:threat:e6d1646, author = {Proofpoint Threat Research Team}, title = {{Threat Actor Profile: TA2719 Uses Colorful Lures to Deliver RATs in Local Languages}}, date = {2020-08-26}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/blog/threat-insight/threat-actor-profile-ta2719-uses-colorful-lures-deliver-rats-local-languages}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-01} } Threat Actor Profile: TA2719 Uses Colorful Lures to Deliver RATs in Local Languages
AsyncRAT Nanocore RAT
2020-07-30SpamhausSpamhaus Malware Labs
@techreport{labs:20200730:spamhaus:038546d, author = {Spamhaus Malware Labs}, title = {{Spamhaus Botnet Threat Update Q2 2020}}, date = {2020-07-30}, institution = {Spamhaus}, url = {https://www.spamhaus.org/news/images/botnet-report-2020-q2/2020-q2-spamhaus-botnet-threat-report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-30} } Spamhaus Botnet Threat Update Q2 2020
AdWind Agent Tesla Arkei Stealer AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult DanaBot Emotet IcedID ISFB KPOT Stealer Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Pony Raccoon RedLine Stealer Remcos Zloader
2020-06-07Zero2Automated Blog0verfl0w_
@online{0verfl0w:20200607:dealing:b50665d, author = {0verfl0w_}, title = {{Dealing with Obfuscated Macros, Statically - NanoCore}}, date = {2020-06-07}, organization = {Zero2Automated Blog}, url = {https://zero2auto.com/2020/06/07/dealing-with-obfuscated-macros/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-11} } Dealing with Obfuscated Macros, Statically - NanoCore
Nanocore RAT
2020-05-26CrowdStrikeGuillermo Taibo
@online{taibo:20200526:weaponized:0bca503, author = {Guillermo Taibo}, title = {{Weaponized Disk Image Files: Analysis, Trends and Remediation}}, date = {2020-05-26}, organization = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/weaponizing-disk-image-files-analysis/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-05} } Weaponized Disk Image Files: Analysis, Trends and Remediation
Nanocore RAT
2020-05-14360 Total Securitykate
@online{kate:20200514:vendetta:06e3cde, author = {kate}, title = {{Vendetta - new threat actor from Europe}}, date = {2020-05-14}, organization = {360 Total Security}, url = {https://blog.360totalsecurity.com/en/vendetta-new-threat-actor-from-europe/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Vendetta - new threat actor from Europe
Nanocore RAT Remcos
2020-04-15ZscalerSudeep Singh
@online{singh:20200415:multistage:c0330fa, author = {Sudeep Singh}, title = {{Multistage FreeDom loader used in Aggah Campaign to spread Nanocore and AZORult}}, date = {2020-04-15}, organization = {Zscaler}, url = {https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/research/multistage-freedom-loader-used-spread-azorult-and-nanocore-rat}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-08} } Multistage FreeDom loader used in Aggah Campaign to spread Nanocore and AZORult
Azorult Nanocore RAT
2020-04-04MalwareInDepthMyrtus 0x0
@online{0x0:20200404:nanocore:6649008, author = {Myrtus 0x0}, title = {{Nanocore & CypherIT}}, date = {2020-04-04}, organization = {MalwareInDepth}, url = {https://malwareindepth.com/defeating-nanocore-and-cypherit/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-07} } Nanocore & CypherIT
Nanocore RAT
2020-04-01CiscoShyam Sundar Ramaswami, Andrea Kaiser
@online{ramaswami:20200401:navigating:965952a, author = {Shyam Sundar Ramaswami and Andrea Kaiser}, title = {{Navigating Cybersecurity During a Pandemic: Latest Malware and Threat Actors}}, date = {2020-04-01}, organization = {Cisco}, url = {https://umbrella.cisco.com/blog/navigating-cybersecurity-during-a-pandemic-latest-malware-and-threat-actors}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-19} } Navigating Cybersecurity During a Pandemic: Latest Malware and Threat Actors
Azorult CloudEyE Formbook KPOT Stealer Metamorfo Nanocore RAT NetWire RC TrickBot
2020-03-20BitdefenderLiviu Arsene
@online{arsene:20200320:5:46813c6, author = {Liviu Arsene}, title = {{5 Times More Coronavirus-themed Malware Reports during March}}, date = {2020-03-20}, organization = {Bitdefender}, url = {https://labs.bitdefender.com/2020/03/5-times-more-coronavirus-themed-malware-reports-during-march/?utm_campaign=twitter&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitter}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-26} } 5 Times More Coronavirus-themed Malware Reports during March
ostap HawkEye Keylogger Koadic Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT Remcos
2020-02-13TalosNick Biasini, Edmund Brumaghin
@online{biasini:20200213:threat:443d687, author = {Nick Biasini and Edmund Brumaghin}, title = {{Threat actors attempt to capitalize on coronavirus outbreak}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/02/coronavirus-themed-malware.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-19} } Threat actors attempt to capitalize on coronavirus outbreak
Emotet Nanocore RAT Parallax RAT
2020-01-19360kate
@online{kate:20200119:bayworld:2cc2212, author = {kate}, title = {{BayWorld event, Cyber Attack Against Foreign Trade Industry}}, date = {2020-01-19}, organization = {360}, url = {https://blog.360totalsecurity.com/en/bayworld-event-cyber-attack-against-foreign-trade-industry/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } BayWorld event, Cyber Attack Against Foreign Trade Industry
Azorult Formbook Nanocore RAT Revenge RAT
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:cobalt:8d36ac3, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{COBALT TRINITY}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/cobalt-trinity}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } COBALT TRINITY
POWERTON pupy Imminent Monitor RAT Koadic Nanocore RAT NetWire RC PoshC2 APT33
2019-09-26ProofpointBryan Campbell, Jeremy Hedges, Proofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{campbell:20190926:new:d228362, author = {Bryan Campbell and Jeremy Hedges and Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{New WhiteShadow downloader uses Microsoft SQL to retrieve malware}}, date = {2019-09-26}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/new-whiteshadow-downloader-uses-microsoft-sql-retrieve-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-26} } New WhiteShadow downloader uses Microsoft SQL to retrieve malware
WhiteShadow Agent Tesla Azorult Crimson RAT Formbook Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Remcos
2019-09-19NSHCThreatRecon Team
@online{team:20190919:hagga:066e932, author = {ThreatRecon Team}, title = {{Hagga of SectorH01 continues abusing Bitly, Blogger and Pastebin to deliver RevengeRAT and NanoCore}}, date = {2019-09-19}, organization = {NSHC}, url = {https://threatrecon.nshc.net/2019/09/19/sectorh01-continues-abusing-web-services/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Hagga of SectorH01 continues abusing Bitly, Blogger and Pastebin to deliver RevengeRAT and NanoCore
Nanocore RAT Revenge RAT
2019-08-25Github (threatland)ThreatLand
@online{threatland:20190825:nanocor:0ef5e7c, author = {ThreatLand}, title = {{Nanocor Sample}}, date = {2019-08-25}, organization = {Github (threatland)}, url = {https://github.com/threatland/TL-TROJAN/tree/master/TL.RAT/RAT.Win.Nanocore}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Nanocor Sample
Nanocore RAT
2019-05-05GoggleHeadedHacker BlogJacob Pimental
@online{pimental:20190505:unpacking:3b96fc8, author = {Jacob Pimental}, title = {{Unpacking NanoCore Sample Using AutoIT}}, date = {2019-05-05}, organization = {GoggleHeadedHacker Blog}, url = {https://goggleheadedhacker.com/blog/post/11}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } Unpacking NanoCore Sample Using AutoIT
Nanocore RAT
2019-03-27SymantecCritical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team
@online{team:20190327:elfin:d90a330, author = {Critical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team}, title = {{Elfin: Relentless Espionage Group Targets Multiple Organizations in Saudi Arabia and U.S.}}, date = {2019-03-27}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-blogs.broadcom.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/elfin-apt33-espionage}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } Elfin: Relentless Espionage Group Targets Multiple Organizations in Saudi Arabia and U.S.
DarkComet MimiKatz Nanocore RAT NetWire RC pupy Quasar RAT Remcos StoneDrill TURNEDUP APT33
2019-03-27SymantecSecurity Response Attack Investigation Team
@online{team:20190327:elfin:836cc39, author = {Security Response Attack Investigation Team}, title = {{Elfin: Relentless Espionage Group Targets Multiple Organizations in Saudi Arabia and U.S.}}, date = {2019-03-27}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://www.symantec.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/elfin-apt33-espionage}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } Elfin: Relentless Espionage Group Targets Multiple Organizations in Saudi Arabia and U.S.
DarkComet Nanocore RAT pupy Quasar RAT Remcos TURNEDUP APT33
2018-08-02Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone, David Fuertes, Josh Grunzweig, Kyle Wilhoit
@online{falcone:20180802:gorgon:06112b1, author = {Robert Falcone and David Fuertes and Josh Grunzweig and Kyle Wilhoit}, title = {{The Gorgon Group: Slithering Between Nation State and Cybercrime}}, date = {2018-08-02}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/08/unit42-gorgon-group-slithering-nation-state-cybercrime/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The Gorgon Group: Slithering Between Nation State and Cybercrime
Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NjRAT Quasar RAT Remcos Revenge RAT
2018-02-26Bleeping ComputerCatalin Cimpanu
@online{cimpanu:20180226:nanocore:4659d30, author = {Catalin Cimpanu}, title = {{Nanocore RAT Author Gets 33 Months in Prison}}, date = {2018-02-26}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/nanocore-rat-author-gets-33-months-in-prison/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Nanocore RAT Author Gets 33 Months in Prison
Nanocore RAT
2017-09-20FireEyeJacqueline O’Leary, Josiah Kimble, Kelli Vanderlee, Nalani Fraser
@online{oleary:20170920:insights:27e8253, author = {Jacqueline O’Leary and Josiah Kimble and Kelli Vanderlee and Nalani Fraser}, title = {{Insights into Iranian Cyber Espionage: APT33 Targets Aerospace and Energy Sectors and has Ties to Destructive Malware}}, date = {2017-09-20}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/09/apt33-insights-into-iranian-cyber-espionage.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Insights into Iranian Cyber Espionage: APT33 Targets Aerospace and Energy Sectors and has Ties to Destructive Malware
DROPSHOT Nanocore RAT NetWire RC SHAPESHIFT TURNEDUP APT33
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_nanocore_w0 (20170517 | No description)
rule win_nanocore_w0 {
    meta:
        author = " Kevin Breen <kevin@techanarchy.net>"
        date = "2014/04"
        ref = "http://malwareconfig.com/stats/NanoCore"
        maltype = "Remote Access Trojan"
        filetype = "exe"
		source = "https://github.com/mattulm/sfiles_yara/blob/master/malware/NanoCore.yar"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.nanocore"
        malpedia_version = "20170517"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    strings:
        $a = "NanoCore"
        $b = "ClientPlugin"
        $c = "ProjectData"
        $d = "DESCrypto"
        $e = "KeepAlive"
        $f = "IPNETROW"
        $g = "LogClientMessage"
		$h = "|ClientHost"
		$i = "get_Connected"
		$j = "#=q"
        $key = {43 6f 24 cb 95 30 38 39}


    condition:
        6 of them
}
Download all Yara Rules