SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.dtrack (Back to overview)

Dtrack

Actor(s): Lazarus Group


Dtrack is a Remote Administration Tool (RAT) developed by the Lazarus group.
Its core functionality includes operations to upload a file to the victim's computer, download a file from the victim's computer, dump disk volume data, persistence and more.

A variant of Dtrack was found on Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) which was used for a targeted attack.

References
2020-03-03PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20200303:cyber:1f1eef0, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2020-03-03}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/assets/cyber-threats-2019-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect
KevDroid MESSAGETAP magecart AndroMut Cobalt Strike CobInt Crimson RAT DNSpionage Dridex Dtrack Emotet FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 GlobeImposter Grateful POS ISFB Kazuar LockerGoga Nokki QakBot Ramnit REvil Rifdoor RokRAT Ryuk shadowhammer ShadowPad Shifu Skipper StoneDrill Stuxnet TrickBot Winnti ZeroCleare Axiom
2020-02-19LexfoLexfo
@techreport{lexfo:20200219:lazarus:f293c37, author = {Lexfo}, title = {{The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware}}, date = {2020-02-19}, institution = {Lexfo}, url = {https://blog.lexfo.fr/ressources/Lexfo-WhitePaper-The_Lazarus_Constellation.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware
FastCash AppleJeus BADCALL Bankshot Brambul Dtrack Duuzer DYEPACK ELECTRICFISH HARDRAIN Hermes HOPLIGHT Joanap KEYMARBLE Kimsuky MimiKatz MyDoom NACHOCHEESE NavRAT PowerRatankba RokRAT Sierra(Alfa,Bravo, ...) Volgmer WannaCryptor
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls elf.vpnfilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-11-21CyberbitHod Gavriel
@online{gavriel:20191121:dtrack:fe6fbbc, author = {Hod Gavriel}, title = {{Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant}}, date = {2019-11-21}, organization = {Cyberbit}, url = {https://www.cyberbit.com/dtrack-apt-malware-found-in-nuclear-power-plant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-21} } Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant
Dtrack
2019-11-04Marco Ramilli's BlogMarco Ramilli
@online{ramilli:20191104:is:79a8669, author = {Marco Ramilli}, title = {{Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?}}, date = {2019-11-04}, organization = {Marco Ramilli's Blog}, url = {https://marcoramilli.com/2019/11/04/is-lazarus-apt38-targeting-critical-infrastructures/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?
Dtrack
2019-11-03Github (jeFF0Falltrades)Jeff Archer
@online{archer:20191103:dtrack:de46ce3, author = {Jeff Archer}, title = {{DTrack}}, date = {2019-11-03}, organization = {Github (jeFF0Falltrades)}, url = {https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } DTrack
Dtrack
2019-09-23Kaspersky LabsKonstantin Zykov
@online{zykov:20190923:hello:a1e9360, author = {Konstantin Zykov}, title = {{Hello! My name is Dtrack}}, date = {2019-09-23}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/my-name-is-dtrack/93338/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Hello! My name is Dtrack
Dtrack
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_auto (20200817 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_dtrack_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-08-17"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.4.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20200817"
        malpedia_hash = "8c895fd01eccb47a6225bcb1a3ba53cbb98644c5"
        malpedia_version = "20200817"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using yara-signator.
     * The code and documentation / approach is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 52 8b4508 50 e8???????? 83c414 8b4d10 51 }
            // n = 7, score = 300
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c414               | add                 esp, 0x14
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx

        $sequence_1 = { 0f8496000000 8d8da0faffff 898d28eaffff 8d95d4faffff }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   0f8496000000         | je                  0x9c
            //   8d8da0faffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x560]
            //   898d28eaffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x15d8], ecx
            //   8d95d4faffff         | lea                 edx, [ebp - 0x52c]

        $sequence_2 = { 6867452301 8b4d10 51 8b55f4 52 8b4508 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   6867452301           | push                0x1234567
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   8b55f4               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_3 = { 51 e8???????? 83c410 8b558c }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c410               | add                 esp, 0x10
            //   8b558c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x74]

        $sequence_4 = { c1e910 23c1 33d0 8b45fc }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   c1e910               | shr                 ecx, 0x10
            //   23c1                 | and                 eax, ecx
            //   33d0                 | xor                 edx, eax
            //   8b45fc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_5 = { 743b 8b4d08 83c1ff 898dccfeffff 8b95ccfeffff }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   743b                 | je                  0x3d
            //   8b4d08               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   83c1ff               | add                 ecx, -1
            //   898dccfeffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x134], ecx
            //   8b95ccfeffff         | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x134]

        $sequence_6 = { 33c2 8b4d0c 034df0 8801 0fb655f7 2355fc 8b45fc }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   33c2                 | xor                 eax, edx
            //   8b4d0c               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   034df0               | add                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   8801                 | mov                 byte ptr [ecx], al
            //   0fb655f7             | movzx               edx, byte ptr [ebp - 9]
            //   2355fc               | and                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8b45fc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_7 = { 894dfc 8b550c 8b4204 8945f8 68efcdab89 6867452301 8b4d10 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   894dfc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], ecx
            //   8b550c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   8b4204               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edx + 4]
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax
            //   68efcdab89           | push                0x89abcdef
            //   6867452301           | push                0x1234567
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]

        $sequence_8 = { 6a00 8d8db1f6ffff 51 e8???????? 83c40c }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   8d8db1f6ffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x94f]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc

        $sequence_9 = { a1???????? 50 6a01 6a01 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   a1????????           |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   6a01                 | push                1

        $sequence_10 = { 51 e8???????? 83c408 8845e7 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c408               | add                 esp, 8
            //   8845e7               | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x19], al

        $sequence_11 = { 8b4df8 c1e908 8b55fc d1ea }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   8b4df8               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   c1e908               | shr                 ecx, 8
            //   8b55fc               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   d1ea                 | shr                 edx, 1

        $sequence_12 = { 8995f0f5ffff 8b85f4f5ffff 8a08 888deff5ffff 8385f4f5ffff01 80bdeff5ffff00 75e2 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   8995f0f5ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xa10], edx
            //   8b85f4f5ffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0xa0c]
            //   8a08                 | mov                 cl, byte ptr [eax]
            //   888deff5ffff         | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0xa11], cl
            //   8385f4f5ffff01       | add                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xa0c], 1
            //   80bdeff5ffff00       | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp - 0xa11], 0
            //   75e2                 | jne                 0xffffffe4

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 1736704
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_w0   (20191121 | No description)
rule win_dtrack_w0 {
    meta:
        author = "jeFF0Falltrades"
        source = "https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_version = "20191121"
        malpedia_license = "CC NC-BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    strings:
        $str_log = "------------------------------ Log File Create...." wide ascii
        $str_ua = "CCS_Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1" wide ascii
        $str_chrome = "Local Settings\\Application Data\\Google\\Chrome\\User Data\\Default\\History" wide ascii
        $pdb = "Users\\user\\Documents\\Visual Studio 2008\\Projects\\MyStub\\Release\\MyStub.pdb" wide ascii
        $str_tmp = "%s\\~%d.tmp" wide ascii
        $str_exc = "Execute_%s.log" wide ascii
        $reg_use = /net use \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$ \/delete/
        $reg_move = /move \/y %s \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$\\Windows\\Temp\\MpLogs\\/

    condition:
        2 of them or $pdb
}
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