SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.dtrack (Back to overview)

Dtrack

Actor(s): Lazarus Group


Dtrack is a Remote Administration Tool (RAT) developed by the Lazarus group.
Its core functionality includes operations to upload a file to the victim's computer, download a file from the victim's computer, dump disk volume data, persistence and more.

A variant of Dtrack was found on Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) which was used for a targeted attack.

References
2020-11-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20201103:trends:febc159, author = {GReAT}, title = {{APT trends report Q3 2020}}, date = {2020-11-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/apt-trends-report-q3-2020/99204/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-04} } APT trends report Q3 2020
WellMail EVILNUM Janicab Poet RAT AsyncRAT Ave Maria Cobalt Strike Crimson RAT CROSSWALK Dtrack LODEINFO MoriAgent Okrum PlugX poisonplug Rover ShadowPad SoreFang Winnti
2020-03-03PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20200303:cyber:1f1eef0, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2020-03-03}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/assets/cyber-threats-2019-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect
KevDroid MESSAGETAP magecart AndroMut Cobalt Strike CobInt Crimson RAT DNSpionage Dridex Dtrack Emotet FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 GlobeImposter Grateful POS ISFB Kazuar LockerGoga Nokki QakBot Ramnit REvil Rifdoor RokRAT Ryuk shadowhammer ShadowPad Shifu Skipper StoneDrill Stuxnet TrickBot Winnti ZeroCleare Axiom
2020-02-19LexfoLexfo
@techreport{lexfo:20200219:lazarus:f293c37, author = {Lexfo}, title = {{The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware}}, date = {2020-02-19}, institution = {Lexfo}, url = {https://blog.lexfo.fr/ressources/Lexfo-WhitePaper-The_Lazarus_Constellation.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware
FastCash AppleJeus BADCALL Bankshot Brambul Dtrack Duuzer DYEPACK ELECTRICFISH HARDRAIN Hermes HOPLIGHT Joanap KEYMARBLE Kimsuky MimiKatz MyDoom NACHOCHEESE NavRAT PowerRatankba RokRAT Sierra(Alfa,Bravo, ...) Volgmer WannaCryptor
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls elf.vpnfilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-11-21CyberbitHod Gavriel
@online{gavriel:20191121:dtrack:fe6fbbc, author = {Hod Gavriel}, title = {{Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant}}, date = {2019-11-21}, organization = {Cyberbit}, url = {https://www.cyberbit.com/dtrack-apt-malware-found-in-nuclear-power-plant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-21} } Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant
Dtrack
2019-11-04Marco Ramilli's BlogMarco Ramilli
@online{ramilli:20191104:is:79a8669, author = {Marco Ramilli}, title = {{Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?}}, date = {2019-11-04}, organization = {Marco Ramilli's Blog}, url = {https://marcoramilli.com/2019/11/04/is-lazarus-apt38-targeting-critical-infrastructures/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?
Dtrack
2019-11-03Github (jeFF0Falltrades)Jeff Archer
@online{archer:20191103:dtrack:de46ce3, author = {Jeff Archer}, title = {{DTrack}}, date = {2019-11-03}, organization = {Github (jeFF0Falltrades)}, url = {https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } DTrack
Dtrack
2019-09-23Kaspersky LabsKonstantin Zykov
@online{zykov:20190923:hello:a1e9360, author = {Konstantin Zykov}, title = {{Hello! My name is Dtrack}}, date = {2019-09-23}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/my-name-is-dtrack/93338/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Hello! My name is Dtrack
Dtrack
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_auto (20201014 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_dtrack_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-10-14"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.5.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20201014"
        malpedia_hash = "a7e3bd57eaf12bf3ea29a863c041091ba3af9ac9"
        malpedia_version = "20201014"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 52 8b4508 50 e8???????? 83c414 8b4d10 51 }
            // n = 7, score = 300
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c414               | add                 esp, 0x14
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx

        $sequence_1 = { 51 e8???????? 83c408 8845e7 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c408               | add                 esp, 8
            //   8845e7               | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x19], al

        $sequence_2 = { 33d0 8b45fc c1e818 33d0 8b4df8 c1e908 234df8 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   33d0                 | xor                 edx, eax
            //   8b45fc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   c1e818               | shr                 eax, 0x18
            //   33d0                 | xor                 edx, eax
            //   8b4df8               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   c1e908               | shr                 ecx, 8
            //   234df8               | and                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]

        $sequence_3 = { 51 e8???????? 83c410 8b558c }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c410               | add                 esp, 0x10
            //   8b558c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x74]

        $sequence_4 = { 668b0d???????? 66898da0faffff 8a15???????? 8895a2faffff 8b4510 50 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   668b0d????????       |                     
            //   66898da0faffff       | mov                 word ptr [ebp - 0x560], cx
            //   8a15????????         |                     
            //   8895a2faffff         | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x55e], dl
            //   8b4510               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_5 = { 3a0a 7546 80bd23eaffff00 7431 8b8524eaffff }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   3a0a                 | cmp                 cl, byte ptr [edx]
            //   7546                 | jne                 0x48
            //   80bd23eaffff00       | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x15dd], 0
            //   7431                 | je                  0x33
            //   8b8524eaffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x15dc]

        $sequence_6 = { d1ea 3355fc 81e2ff000000 c1e217 0bca 894d14 8b45f8 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   d1ea                 | shr                 edx, 1
            //   3355fc               | xor                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   81e2ff000000         | and                 edx, 0xff
            //   c1e217               | shl                 edx, 0x17
            //   0bca                 | or                  ecx, edx
            //   894d14               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x14], ecx
            //   8b45f8               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 8]

        $sequence_7 = { 7304 33c0 eb64 8b4d10 51 6a00 8b55f4 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   7304                 | jae                 6
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   eb64                 | jmp                 0x66
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   8b55f4               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]

        $sequence_8 = { 0fb602 0fb64df7 33c1 0fb655fc 33c2 8b4d0c 034df0 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   0fb602               | movzx               eax, byte ptr [edx]
            //   0fb64df7             | movzx               ecx, byte ptr [ebp - 9]
            //   33c1                 | xor                 eax, ecx
            //   0fb655fc             | movzx               edx, byte ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   33c2                 | xor                 eax, edx
            //   8b4d0c               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   034df0               | add                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]

        $sequence_9 = { 3a0a 7546 80bd37f6ffff00 7431 8b8538f6ffff 8a4801 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   3a0a                 | cmp                 cl, byte ptr [edx]
            //   7546                 | jne                 0x48
            //   80bd37f6ffff00       | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x9c9], 0
            //   7431                 | je                  0x33
            //   8b8538f6ffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x9c8]
            //   8a4801               | mov                 cl, byte ptr [eax + 1]

        $sequence_10 = { c1e118 0bc1 0345f8 8945f8 8b4510 0345fc 8a4df8 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   c1e118               | shl                 ecx, 0x18
            //   0bc1                 | or                  eax, ecx
            //   0345f8               | add                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax
            //   8b4510               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   0345fc               | add                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8a4df8               | mov                 cl, byte ptr [ebp - 8]

        $sequence_11 = { eb09 8b45f0 83c001 8945f0 8b4df0 3b4d10 0f8d90000000 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   eb09                 | jmp                 0xb
            //   8b45f0               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   83c001               | add                 eax, 1
            //   8945f0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], eax
            //   8b4df0               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   3b4d10               | cmp                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   0f8d90000000         | jge                 0x96

        $sequence_12 = { f3a5 8bca 83e103 f3a4 8d8590f5ffff 898518f5ffff 8b8d18f5ffff }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   f3a5                 | rep movsd           dword ptr es:[edi], dword ptr [esi]
            //   8bca                 | mov                 ecx, edx
            //   83e103               | and                 ecx, 3
            //   f3a4                 | rep movsb           byte ptr es:[edi], byte ptr [esi]
            //   8d8590f5ffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0xa70]
            //   898518f5ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xae8], eax
            //   8b8d18f5ffff         | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xae8]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 1736704
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_w0   (20191121 | No description)
rule win_dtrack_w0 {
    meta:
        author = "jeFF0Falltrades"
        source = "https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_version = "20191121"
        malpedia_license = "CC NC-BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    strings:
        $str_log = "------------------------------ Log File Create...." wide ascii
        $str_ua = "CCS_Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1" wide ascii
        $str_chrome = "Local Settings\\Application Data\\Google\\Chrome\\User Data\\Default\\History" wide ascii
        $pdb = "Users\\user\\Documents\\Visual Studio 2008\\Projects\\MyStub\\Release\\MyStub.pdb" wide ascii
        $str_tmp = "%s\\~%d.tmp" wide ascii
        $str_exc = "Execute_%s.log" wide ascii
        $reg_use = /net use \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$ \/delete/
        $reg_move = /move \/y %s \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$\\Windows\\Temp\\MpLogs\\/

    condition:
        2 of them or $pdb
}
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