SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.dtrack (Back to overview)

Dtrack

aka: TroyRAT

Actor(s): Lazarus Group


Dtrack is a Remote Administration Tool (RAT) developed by the Lazarus group.
Its core functionality includes operations to upload a file to the victim's computer, download a file from the victim's computer, dump disk volume data, persistence and more.

A variant of Dtrack was found on Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) which was used for a targeted attack.

References
2020-11-27MacnicaHiroshi Takeuchi
@online{takeuchi:20201127:analyzing:4089f84, author = {Hiroshi Takeuchi}, title = {{Analyzing Organizational Invasion Ransom Incidents Using Dtrack}}, date = {2020-11-27}, organization = {Macnica}, url = {https://blog.macnica.net/blog/2020/11/dtrack.html}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2020-12-08} } Analyzing Organizational Invasion Ransom Incidents Using Dtrack
Cobalt Strike Dtrack
2020-11-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20201103:trends:febc159, author = {GReAT}, title = {{APT trends report Q3 2020}}, date = {2020-11-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/apt-trends-report-q3-2020/99204/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-04} } APT trends report Q3 2020
WellMail EVILNUM Janicab Poet RAT AsyncRAT Ave Maria Cobalt Strike Crimson RAT CROSSWALK Dtrack LODEINFO MoriAgent Okrum PlugX poisonplug Rover ShadowPad SoreFang Winnti
2020-05-31Twitter (ShadowChasing1)Shadow Chaser Group
@online{group:20200531:dtrack:d91f05d, author = {Shadow Chaser Group}, title = {{Tweet on DTRACK malware}}, date = {2020-05-31}, organization = {Twitter (ShadowChasing1)}, url = {https://twitter.com/ShadowChasing1/status/1399369260577681426?s=20}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-09} } Tweet on DTRACK malware
Dtrack
2020-03-03PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20200303:cyber:1f1eef0, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2020-03-03}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/assets/cyber-threats-2019-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect
KevDroid MESSAGETAP magecart AndroMut Cobalt Strike CobInt Crimson RAT DNSpionage Dridex Dtrack Emotet FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 GlobeImposter Grateful POS ISFB Kazuar LockerGoga Nokki QakBot Ramnit REvil Rifdoor RokRAT Ryuk shadowhammer ShadowPad Shifu Skipper StoneDrill Stuxnet TrickBot Winnti ZeroCleare Axiom
2020-02-19LexfoLexfo
@techreport{lexfo:20200219:lazarus:f293c37, author = {Lexfo}, title = {{The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware}}, date = {2020-02-19}, institution = {Lexfo}, url = {https://blog.lexfo.fr/ressources/Lexfo-WhitePaper-The_Lazarus_Constellation.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } The Lazarus Constellation A study on North Korean malware
FastCash AppleJeus BADCALL Bankshot Brambul Dtrack Duuzer DYEPACK ELECTRICFISH HARDRAIN Hermes HOPLIGHT Joanap KEYMARBLE Kimsuky MimiKatz MyDoom NACHOCHEESE NavRAT PowerRatankba RokRAT Sierra(Alfa,Bravo, ...) Volgmer WannaCryptor
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls elf.vpnfilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2019-12-12FireEyeChi-en Shen, Oleg Bondarenko
@online{shen:20191212:cyber:e01baca, author = {Chi-en Shen and Oleg Bondarenko}, title = {{Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/codeblue_jp/cb19-cyber-threat-landscape-in-japan-revealing-threat-in-the-shadow-by-chi-en-shen-ashley-oleg-bondarenko}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-16} } Cyber Threat Landscape in Japan – Revealing Threat in the Shadow
Cerberus TSCookie Cobalt Strike Dtrack Emotet Formbook IcedID Icefog IRONHALO Loki Password Stealer (PWS) PandaBanker PLEAD poisonplug TrickBot BlackTech
2019-11-21CyberbitHod Gavriel
@online{gavriel:20191121:dtrack:fe6fbbc, author = {Hod Gavriel}, title = {{Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant}}, date = {2019-11-21}, organization = {Cyberbit}, url = {https://www.cyberbit.com/dtrack-apt-malware-found-in-nuclear-power-plant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-21} } Dtrack: In-depth analysis of APT on a nuclear power plant
Dtrack
2019-11-04Marco Ramilli's BlogMarco Ramilli
@online{ramilli:20191104:is:79a8669, author = {Marco Ramilli}, title = {{Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?}}, date = {2019-11-04}, organization = {Marco Ramilli's Blog}, url = {https://marcoramilli.com/2019/11/04/is-lazarus-apt38-targeting-critical-infrastructures/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Is Lazarus/APT38 Targeting Critical Infrastructures?
Dtrack
2019-11-03Github (jeFF0Falltrades)Jeff Archer
@online{archer:20191103:dtrack:de46ce3, author = {Jeff Archer}, title = {{DTrack}}, date = {2019-11-03}, organization = {Github (jeFF0Falltrades)}, url = {https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } DTrack
Dtrack
2019-09-23Kaspersky LabsKonstantin Zykov
@online{zykov:20190923:hello:a1e9360, author = {Konstantin Zykov}, title = {{Hello! My name is Dtrack}}, date = {2019-09-23}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/my-name-is-dtrack/93338/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Hello! My name is Dtrack
Dtrack
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_auto (20210616 | Detects win.dtrack.)
rule win_dtrack_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-06-10"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.dtrack."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20210604"
        malpedia_hash = "be09d5d71e77373c0f538068be31a2ad4c69cfbd"
        malpedia_version = "20210616"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 52 8b4508 50 e8???????? 83c414 8b4d10 51 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c414               | add                 esp, 0x14
            //   8b4d10               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   51                   | push                ecx

        $sequence_1 = { 898d74f6ffff 8a9574f6ffff 88959ffaffff a1???????? 50 }
            // n = 5, score = 300
            //   898d74f6ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x98c], ecx
            //   8a9574f6ffff         | mov                 dl, byte ptr [ebp - 0x98c]
            //   88959ffaffff         | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x561], dl
            //   a1????????           |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_2 = { 888513f5ffff 838518f5ffff01 80bd13f5ffff00 75e2 8b8d18f5ffff 2b8d14f5ffff }
            // n = 6, score = 300
            //   888513f5ffff         | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0xaed], al
            //   838518f5ffff01       | add                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xae8], 1
            //   80bd13f5ffff00       | cmp                 byte ptr [ebp - 0xaed], 0
            //   75e2                 | jne                 0xffffffe4
            //   8b8d18f5ffff         | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xae8]
            //   2b8d14f5ffff         | sub                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xaec]

        $sequence_3 = { 51 e8???????? 83c410 8b558c }
            // n = 4, score = 300
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c410               | add                 esp, 0x10
            //   8b558c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x74]

        $sequence_4 = { 7431 8b9538eaffff 8a4201 888536eaffff }
            // n = 4, score = 300
            //   7431                 | je                  0x33
            //   8b9538eaffff         | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x15c8]
            //   8a4201               | mov                 al, byte ptr [edx + 1]
            //   888536eaffff         | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x15ca], al

        $sequence_5 = { 0f8496000000 8d8da0faffff 898d28eaffff 8d95d4faffff 899524eaffff 8b8524eaffff 8a08 }
            // n = 7, score = 300
            //   0f8496000000         | je                  0x9c
            //   8d8da0faffff         | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x560]
            //   898d28eaffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x15d8], ecx
            //   8d95d4faffff         | lea                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x52c]
            //   899524eaffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x15dc], edx
            //   8b8524eaffff         | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x15dc]
            //   8a08                 | mov                 cl, byte ptr [eax]

        $sequence_6 = { 83bda4faffffff 7505 e9???????? 8d85d4faffff 898560f6ffff 8b8d60f6ffff }
            // n = 6, score = 300
            //   83bda4faffffff       | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x55c], -1
            //   7505                 | jne                 7
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d85d4faffff         | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x52c]
            //   898560f6ffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x9a0], eax
            //   8b8d60f6ffff         | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x9a0]

        $sequence_7 = { e9???????? 8d45f4 50 8b4dfc }
            // n = 4, score = 300
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d45f4               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   8b4dfc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_8 = { 52 e8???????? 83c40c 8d85d4faffff 50 }
            // n = 5, score = 300
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   8d85d4faffff         | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x52c]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_9 = { 8b5518 8955fc c745f000000000 eb09 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   8b5518               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x18]
            //   8955fc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], edx
            //   c745f000000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], 0
            //   eb09                 | jmp                 0xb

        $sequence_10 = { 894d14 8b45f8 c1e018 8b4dfc }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   894d14               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x14], ecx
            //   8b45f8               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   c1e018               | shl                 eax, 0x18
            //   8b4dfc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

        $sequence_11 = { 23c8 33d1 8855f7 8b4df8 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   23c8                 | and                 ecx, eax
            //   33d1                 | xor                 edx, ecx
            //   8855f7               | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 9], dl
            //   8b4df8               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]

        $sequence_12 = { c1e908 8b55fc d1ea 3355fc 81e2ff000000 }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   c1e908               | shr                 ecx, 8
            //   8b55fc               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   d1ea                 | shr                 edx, 1
            //   3355fc               | xor                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   81e2ff000000         | and                 edx, 0xff

        $sequence_13 = { 8945f0 8b4df0 3b4d10 0f8d90000000 8b5508 0355f0 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   8945f0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], eax
            //   8b4df0               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   3b4d10               | cmp                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   0f8d90000000         | jge                 0x96
            //   8b5508               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   0355f0               | add                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]

        $sequence_14 = { 83c40c 8b4df4 51 e8???????? 83c404 8b4508 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   8b4df4               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 1736704
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_dtrack_w0   (20191121 | No description)
rule win_dtrack_w0 {
    meta:
        author = "jeFF0Falltrades"
        source = "https://github.com/jeFF0Falltrades/IoCs/blob/master/APT/dtrack_lazarus_group.md"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.dtrack"
        malpedia_version = "20191121"
        malpedia_license = "CC NC-BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    strings:
        $str_log = "------------------------------ Log File Create...." wide ascii
        $str_ua = "CCS_Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1" wide ascii
        $str_chrome = "Local Settings\\Application Data\\Google\\Chrome\\User Data\\Default\\History" wide ascii
        $pdb = "Users\\user\\Documents\\Visual Studio 2008\\Projects\\MyStub\\Release\\MyStub.pdb" wide ascii
        $str_tmp = "%s\\~%d.tmp" wide ascii
        $str_exc = "Execute_%s.log" wide ascii
        $reg_use = /net use \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$ \/delete/
        $reg_move = /move \/y %s \\\\[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\\C\$\\Windows\\Temp\\MpLogs\\/

    condition:
        2 of them or $pdb
}
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