SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.sinowal (Back to overview)

Sinowal

aka: Theola, Quarian, Mebroot, Anserin, Torpig

There is no description at this point.

References
2020-07-29Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20200729:trends:6810325, author = {GReAT}, title = {{APT trends report Q2 2020}}, date = {2020-07-29}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/apt-trends-report-q2-2020/97937/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-30} } APT trends report Q2 2020
PhantomLance Dacls Penquin Turla elf.wellmess AppleJeus Dacls AcidBox Cobalt Strike Dacls EternalPetya Godlike12 Olympic Destroyer PlugX shadowhammer ShadowPad Sinowal VHD Ransomware Volgmer WellMess X-Agent XTunnel
2020-03-12Recorded FutureInsikt Group
@online{group:20200312:swallowing:b1becb5, author = {Insikt Group}, title = {{Swallowing the Snake’s Tail: Tracking Turla Infrastructure}}, date = {2020-03-12}, organization = {Recorded Future}, url = {https://www.recordedfuture.com/turla-apt-infrastructure/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Swallowing the Snake’s Tail: Tracking Turla Infrastructure
Mosquito Sinowal
2018-12-05WikipediaWikipedia
@online{wikipedia:20181205:torpig:7c0db3c, author = {Wikipedia}, title = {{Torpig}}, date = {2018-12-05}, organization = {Wikipedia}, url = {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torpig}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-10} } Torpig
Sinowal
2016-09-07Virus BulletinBrian Bartholomew, Juan Andrés Guerrero-Saade
@techreport{bartholomew:20160907:wave:96e9f50, author = {Brian Bartholomew and Juan Andrés Guerrero-Saade}, title = {{Wave Your False Flags! Deception Tactics Muddying Attribution in Targeted Attacks}}, date = {2016-09-07}, institution = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://media.kasperskycontenthub.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/43/2017/10/20114955/Bartholomew-GuerreroSaade-VB2016.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Wave Your False Flags! Deception Tactics Muddying Attribution in Targeted Attacks
DuQu JripBot Sinowal Stuxnet Wipbot
2015-02-06CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20150206:crowdstrike:fbcc37f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014}}, date = {2015-02-06}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20200509171721/https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fdiskyou/threat-INTel/master/2015/GlobalThreatIntelReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-11} } CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014
BlackPOS CryptoLocker Derusbi Elise Enfal EvilGrab Gameover P2P HttpBrowser Medusa Mirage Naikon NetTraveler pirpi PlugX Poison Ivy Sakula RAT Sinowal sykipot taidoor
2014-06-02Virus BulletinChao Chen
@online{chen:20140602:sinowal:6d7af96, author = {Chao Chen}, title = {{Sinowal banking trojan}}, date = {2014-06-02}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2014/06/sinowal-banking-trojan}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Sinowal banking trojan
Sinowal
2013-03-13ESET ResearchAleksandr Matrosov
@online{matrosov:20130313:how:c50943e, author = {Aleksandr Matrosov}, title = {{How Theola malware uses a Chrome plugin for banking fraud}}, date = {2013-03-13}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2013/03/13/how-theola-malware-uses-a-chrome-plugin-for-banking-fraud/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } How Theola malware uses a Chrome plugin for banking fraud
Sinowal
2012-08-08SymantecSymantec
@online{symantec:20120808:trojanmebroot:8ecb951, author = {Symantec}, title = {{Trojan.Mebroot}}, date = {2012-08-08}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://www.symantec.com/security_response/writeup.jsp?docid=2008-010718-3448-99&tabid=2}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-26} } Trojan.Mebroot
Sinowal
2010MandiantEro Carrera, Peter Silberman
@techreport{carrera:2010:state:687e608, author = {Ero Carrera and Peter Silberman}, title = {{State of Malware: Family Ties}}, date = {2010}, institution = {Mandiant}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20160616170611/https://media.blackhat.com/bh-eu-10/presentations/Carrera_Silberman/BlackHat-EU-2010-Carrera-Silberman-State-of-Malware-slides.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-11} } State of Malware: Family Ties
Bredolab Conficker Cutwail KoobFace Kraken Poison Ivy Rustock Sinowal Szribi Zeus
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_sinowal_auto (20210616 | Detects win.sinowal.)
rule win_sinowal_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-06-10"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.sinowal."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.sinowal"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20210604"
        malpedia_hash = "be09d5d71e77373c0f538068be31a2ad4c69cfbd"
        malpedia_version = "20210616"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8b4508 50 e8???????? 83c404 8945fc 837dfc00 741a }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   8945fc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], eax
            //   837dfc00             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0
            //   741a                 | je                  0x1c

        $sequence_1 = { 0fb74822 83f95c 7412 8b95ccfeffff 0fb74222 8985b4feffff eb0a }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   0fb74822             | movzx               ecx, word ptr [eax + 0x22]
            //   83f95c               | cmp                 ecx, 0x5c
            //   7412                 | je                  0x14
            //   8b95ccfeffff         | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x134]
            //   0fb74222             | movzx               eax, word ptr [edx + 0x22]
            //   8985b4feffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x14c], eax
            //   eb0a                 | jmp                 0xc

        $sequence_2 = { 56 57 c745ac05400080 c745fc00000000 c745b800000000 c745b400000000 c745a860ea0000 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   c745ac05400080       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x54], 0x80004005
            //   c745fc00000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0
            //   c745b800000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x48], 0
            //   c745b400000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x4c], 0
            //   c745a860ea0000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x58], 0xea60

        $sequence_3 = { 8b45e8 e9???????? 6a26 6a08 ff15???????? 50 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   8b45e8               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x18]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   6a26                 | push                0x26
            //   6a08                 | push                8
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_4 = { c785c4feffff00000000 c745fc00000000 c745f800000000 c685f0feffff00 68ff000000 6a00 8d85f1feffff }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   c785c4feffff00000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0x13c], 0
            //   c745fc00000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0
            //   c745f800000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], 0
            //   c685f0feffff00       | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x110], 0
            //   68ff000000           | push                0xff
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   8d85f1feffff         | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x10f]

        $sequence_5 = { 8b483c 894df4 8b55f8 0355f4 0fb74216 0d00200000 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   8b483c               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [eax + 0x3c]
            //   894df4               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0xc], ecx
            //   8b55f8               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   0355f4               | add                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   0fb74216             | movzx               eax, word ptr [edx + 0x16]
            //   0d00200000           | or                  eax, 0x2000

        $sequence_6 = { 837d0800 7406 837d0c00 7502 eb64 8b450c }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   837d0800             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp + 8], 0
            //   7406                 | je                  8
            //   837d0c00             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp + 0xc], 0
            //   7502                 | jne                 4
            //   eb64                 | jmp                 0x66
            //   8b450c               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]

        $sequence_7 = { c745fc05400080 c745ec00000000 833d????????00 751a e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   c745fc05400080       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], 0x80004005
            //   c745ec00000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x14], 0
            //   833d????????00       |                     
            //   751a                 | jne                 0x1c
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_8 = { 890d???????? c705????????00000000 a1???????? 8b0c85d0669600 894dfc }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   890d????????         |                     
            //   c705????????00000000     |     
            //   a1????????           |                     
            //   8b0c85d0669600       | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [eax*4 + 0x9666d0]
            //   894dfc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], ecx

        $sequence_9 = { 8b4dfc 0fb611 33d0 8b45fc 8810 8b4dfc }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   8b4dfc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   0fb611               | movzx               edx, byte ptr [ecx]
            //   33d0                 | xor                 edx, eax
            //   8b45fc               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8810                 | mov                 byte ptr [eax], dl
            //   8b4dfc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 73728
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_sinowal_w0   (20170517 | Quarian Identifying Strings)
/*
    This Yara ruleset is under the GNU-GPLv2 license (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html) and open to any user or organization, as    long as you use it under this license.

*/

rule win_sinowal_w0 {
    meta:
        description = "Quarian Identifying Strings"
        author = "Seth Hardy"
        last_modified = "2014-07-09"
		source = "https://github.com/mattulm/sfiles_yara/blob/master/malware/Quarian.yar"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.sinowal"
        malpedia_version = "20170517"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
        
    strings:
        $ = "s061779s061750"
        $ = "[OnUpLoadFile]"
        $ = "[OnDownLoadFile]"
        $ = "[FileTransfer]"
        $ = "---- Not connect the Manager, so start UnInstall ----"
        $ = "------- Enter CompressDownLoadDir ---------"
        $ = "------- Enter DownLoadDirectory ---------"
        $ = "[HandleAdditionalData]"
        $ = "[mswsocket.dll]"
        $ = "msupdate.dll........Enter ThreadCmd!"
        $ = "ok1-1"
        $ = "msupdate_tmp.dll"
        $ = "replace Rpcss.dll successfully!"
        $ = "f:\\loadhiddendriver-mdl\\objfre_win7_x86\\i386\\intelnat.pdb"
        $ = "\\drivercashe\\" wide ascii
        $ = "\\microsoft\\windwos\\" wide ascii
        $ = "\\DosDevices\\LOADHIDDENDRIVER" wide ascii
        $ = "\\Device\\LOADHIDDENDRIVER" wide ascii
        $ = "Global\\state_maping" wide ascii
        $ = "E:\\Code\\2.0\\2.0_multi-port\\2.0\\ServerInstall_New-2010-0913_sp3\\msupdataDll\\Release\\msupdate_tmp.pdb"
        $ = "Global\\unInstall_event_1554_Ower" wide ascii
        
    condition:
       any of them
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_sinowal_w1   (20170517 | Quarian code features)
/*
    This Yara ruleset is under the GNU-GPLv2 license (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html) and open to any user or organization, as    long as you use it under this license.

*/

rule win_sinowal_w1 {
    meta:
        description = "Quarian code features"
        author = "Seth Hardy"
        last_modified = "2014-07-09"
		source = "https://github.com/mattulm/sfiles_yara/blob/master/malware/Quarian.yar"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.sinowal"
        malpedia_version = "20170517"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
        
    strings:
        // decrypt in intelnat.sys
        $ = { C1 E? 04 8B ?? F? C1 E? 05 33 C? }
        // decrypt in mswsocket.dll
        $ = { C1 EF 05 C1 E3 04 33 FB }
        $ = { 33 D8 81 EE 47 86 C8 61 }
        // loop in msupdate.dll
        $ = { FF 45 E8 81 45 EC CC 00 00 00 E9 95 FE FF FF }
    
    condition:
        any of them
}
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