SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.andromeda (Back to overview)

Andromeda

aka: Gamarue, B106-Gamarue, B67-SS-Gamarue, b66

Actor(s): Operation C-Major

URLhaus    

There is no description at this point.

References
2020-03-15The Shadowserver FoundationShadowserver Foundation
@online{foundation:20200315:has:80a92d5, author = {Shadowserver Foundation}, title = {{Has The Sun Set On The Necurs Botnet?}}, date = {2020-03-15}, organization = {The Shadowserver Foundation}, url = {https://www.shadowserver.org/news/has-the-sun-set-on-the-necurs-botnet/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-17} } Has The Sun Set On The Necurs Botnet?
Andromeda Cutwail Kelihos Necurs Pushdo
2018-02-08FortinetBahare Sabouri, He Xu
@online{sabouri:20180208:review:258f981, author = {Bahare Sabouri and He Xu}, title = {{A review of the evolution of Andromeda over the years before we say goodbye}}, date = {2018-02-08}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2018/02/review-evolution-andromeda-over-years-we-say-goodbye/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-15} } A review of the evolution of Andromeda over the years before we say goodbye
Andromeda
2017-12-04MicrosoftMicrosoft Defender ATP Research Team, Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit
@online{team:20171204:microsoft:0cab56d, author = {Microsoft Defender ATP Research Team and Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit}, title = {{Microsoft teams up with law enforcement and other partners to disrupt Gamarue (Andromeda)}}, date = {2017-12-04}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2017/12/04/microsoft-teams-up-with-law-enforcement-and-other-partners-to-disrupt-gamarue-andromeda/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Microsoft teams up with law enforcement and other partners to disrupt Gamarue (Andromeda)
Andromeda
2017-12-04EuropolEuropol
@online{europol:20171204:andromeda:2024e4d, author = {Europol}, title = {{Andromeda botnet dismantled in international cyber operation}}, date = {2017-12-04}, organization = {Europol}, url = {https://www.europol.europa.eu/newsroom/news/andromeda-botnet-dismantled-in-international-cyber-operation}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Andromeda botnet dismantled in international cyber operation
Andromeda
2017-03-13MorphisecRoy Moshailov
@online{moshailov:20170313:moving:91556bc, author = {Roy Moshailov}, title = {{Moving Target Defense Blog}}, date = {2017-03-13}, organization = {Morphisec}, url = {http://blog.morphisec.com/andromeda-tactics-analyzed}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Moving Target Defense Blog
Andromeda
2016-04-06AvastThreat Intelligence Team
@online{team:20160406:andromeda:4b7f3e6, author = {Threat Intelligence Team}, title = {{Andromeda under the microscope}}, date = {2016-04-06}, organization = {Avast}, url = {https://blog.avast.com/andromeda-under-the-microscope}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Andromeda under the microscope
Andromeda
2016-03-01ProofpointDarien Huss
@techreport{huss:20160301:operation:65330f0, author = {Darien Huss}, title = {{Operation Transparent Tribe}}, date = {2016-03-01}, institution = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/sites/default/files/proofpoint-operation-transparent-tribe-threat-insight-en.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-02} } Operation Transparent Tribe
Andromeda beendoor Bezigate Crimson RAT Luminosity RAT Peepy RAT Operation C-Major
2015-09-29InfoSec InstituteAyoub Faouzi
@online{faouzi:20150929:andromeda:06d70c0, author = {Ayoub Faouzi}, title = {{Andromeda Bot Analysis part 1}}, date = {2015-09-29}, organization = {InfoSec Institute}, url = {http://resources.infosecinstitute.com/andromeda-bot-analysis/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Andromeda Bot Analysis part 1
Andromeda
2015-09-29InfoSec InstituteAyoub Faouzi
@online{faouzi:20150929:andromeda:543098f, author = {Ayoub Faouzi}, title = {{Andromeda Bot Analysis part 2}}, date = {2015-09-29}, organization = {InfoSec Institute}, url = {http://resources.infosecinstitute.com/andromeda-bot-analysis-part-two/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Andromeda Bot Analysis part 2
Andromeda
2015-04-17Eternal TodoJose Miguel Esparza
@online{esparza:20150417:andromedagamarue:2330f4e, author = {Jose Miguel Esparza}, title = {{Andromeda/Gamarue bot loves JSON too (new versions details)}}, date = {2015-04-17}, organization = {Eternal Todo}, url = {https://eternal-todo.com/blog/andromeda-gamarue-loves-json}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Andromeda/Gamarue bot loves JSON too (new versions details)
Andromeda
2015-04-15ByteAtlas
@online{byteatlas:20150415:knowledge:0d028a7, author = {ByteAtlas}, title = {{Knowledge Fragment: Bruteforcing Andromeda Configuration Buffers}}, date = {2015-04-15}, url = {https://byte-atlas.blogspot.ch/2015/04/kf-andromeda-bruteforcing.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Knowledge Fragment: Bruteforcing Andromeda Configuration Buffers
Andromeda
2013-09-01Eternal TodoJose Miguel Esparza
@online{esparza:20130901:yet:d6bf0b6, author = {Jose Miguel Esparza}, title = {{Yet another Andromeda / Gamarue analysis}}, date = {2013-09-01}, organization = {Eternal Todo}, url = {https://eternal-todo.com/blog/yet-another-andromeda-gamarue-analysis}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Yet another Andromeda / Gamarue analysis
Andromeda
2013-08-01Virus BulletinSuweera De Souza
@online{souza:20130801:andromeda:030b7db, author = {Suweera De Souza}, title = {{Andromeda 2.7 features}}, date = {2013-08-01}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2013/08/andromeda-2-7-features}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Andromeda 2.7 features
Andromeda
2013-03-300xEBFE Blog about life0xEBFE
@online{0xebfe:20130330:fooled:88d133a, author = {0xEBFE}, title = {{Fooled by Andromeda}}, date = {2013-03-30}, organization = {0xEBFE Blog about life}, url = {http://www.0xebfe.net/blog/2013/03/30/fooled-by-andromeda/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-27} } Fooled by Andromeda
Andromeda
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_andromeda_auto (20200529 | autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator)
rule win_andromeda_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2020-05-30"
        version = "1"
        description = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.4.0"
        tool_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.andromeda"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20200529"
        malpedia_hash = "92c362319514e5a6da26204961446caa3a8b32a8"
        malpedia_version = "20200529"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using yara-signator.
     * The code and documentation / approach is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { e2f8 fc 33c0 8b7508 33db 368a942900ffffff }
            // n = 6, score = 800
            //   e2f8                 | loop                0xfffffffa
            //   fc                   | cld                 
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   8b7508               | mov                 esi, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   33db                 | xor                 ebx, ebx
            //   368a942900ffffff     | mov                 dl, byte ptr ss:[ecx + ebp - 0x100]

        $sequence_1 = { fd ab 2d04040404 e2f8 fc 33c0 }
            // n = 6, score = 800
            //   fd                   | std                 
            //   ab                   | stosd               dword ptr es:[edi], eax
            //   2d04040404           | sub                 eax, 0x4040404
            //   e2f8                 | loop                0xfffffffa
            //   fc                   | cld                 
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax

        $sequence_2 = { b940000000 8d7dfc b8fcfdfeff fd }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   b940000000           | mov                 ecx, 0x40
            //   8d7dfc               | lea                 edi, [ebp - 4]
            //   b8fcfdfeff           | mov                 eax, 0xfffefdfc
            //   fd                   | std                 

        $sequence_3 = { 41 3b4d14 75c3 61 }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   41                   | inc                 ecx
            //   3b4d14               | cmp                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x14]
            //   75c3                 | jne                 0xffffffc5
            //   61                   | popal               

        $sequence_4 = { 368a942800ffffff 02da 368ab42b00ffffff 3688b42800ffffff 3688942b00ffffff 02d6 81e2ff000000 }
            // n = 7, score = 800
            //   368a942800ffffff     | mov                 dl, byte ptr ss:[eax + ebp - 0x100]
            //   02da                 | add                 bl, dl
            //   368ab42b00ffffff     | mov                 dh, byte ptr ss:[ebx + ebp - 0x100]
            //   3688b42800ffffff     | mov                 byte ptr ss:[eax + ebp - 0x100], dh
            //   3688942b00ffffff     | mov                 byte ptr ss:[ebx + ebp - 0x100], dl
            //   02d6                 | add                 dl, dh
            //   81e2ff000000         | and                 edx, 0xff

        $sequence_5 = { 3688b42900ffffff 3688942800ffffff fec1 7408 }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   3688b42900ffffff     | mov                 byte ptr ss:[ecx + ebp - 0x100], dh
            //   3688942800ffffff     | mov                 byte ptr ss:[eax + ebp - 0x100], dl
            //   fec1                 | inc                 cl
            //   7408                 | je                  0xa

        $sequence_6 = { 55 8bec 81c400ffffff 60 }
            // n = 4, score = 800
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8bec                 | mov                 ebp, esp
            //   81c400ffffff         | add                 esp, 0xffffff00
            //   60                   | pushal              

        $sequence_7 = { fec1 7408 43 3b5d0c 74cf ebcf 33c0 }
            // n = 7, score = 800
            //   fec1                 | inc                 cl
            //   7408                 | je                  0xa
            //   43                   | inc                 ebx
            //   3b5d0c               | cmp                 ebx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   74cf                 | je                  0xffffffd1
            //   ebcf                 | jmp                 0xffffffd1
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax

        $sequence_8 = { 60 e8???????? 5d 81ed???????? }
            // n = 4, score = 700
            //   60                   | pushal              
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   81ed????????         |                     

        $sequence_9 = { 6a30 8d45d0 50 6a01 }
            // n = 4, score = 400
            //   6a30                 | push                0x30
            //   8d45d0               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x30]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   6a01                 | push                1

        $sequence_10 = { 0fb64601 84c0 7905 0d00ffffff }
            // n = 4, score = 400
            //   0fb64601             | movzx               eax, byte ptr [esi + 1]
            //   84c0                 | test                al, al
            //   7905                 | jns                 7
            //   0d00ffffff           | or                  eax, 0xffffff00

        $sequence_11 = { 8a06 33c9 3c5a 0f9ec1 33d2 3c41 0f9dc2 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   8a06                 | mov                 al, byte ptr [esi]
            //   33c9                 | xor                 ecx, ecx
            //   3c5a                 | cmp                 al, 0x5a
            //   0f9ec1               | setle               cl
            //   33d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   3c41                 | cmp                 al, 0x41
            //   0f9dc2               | setge               dl

        $sequence_12 = { 50 e8???????? 83c40c 6800000100 e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 400
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   6800000100           | push                0x10000
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_13 = { 0f9dc2 85ca 7404 0420 8806 }
            // n = 5, score = 400
            //   0f9dc2               | setge               dl
            //   85ca                 | test                edx, ecx
            //   7404                 | je                  6
            //   0420                 | add                 al, 0x20
            //   8806                 | mov                 byte ptr [esi], al

        $sequence_14 = { ff75e4 8b35???????? ffd6 ff75e0 ffd6 53 }
            // n = 6, score = 300
            //   ff75e4               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c]
            //   8b35????????         |                     
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi
            //   ff75e0               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x20]
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_15 = { 7423 6810270000 ff75f4 ff15???????? ff75f4 8945f8 }
            // n = 6, score = 300
            //   7423                 | je                  0x25
            //   6810270000           | push                0x2710
            //   ff75f4               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   ff75f4               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax

        $sequence_16 = { e8???????? a3???????? 6804010000 6a00 ff35???????? e8???????? 8945fc }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   a3????????           |                     
            //   6804010000           | push                0x104
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   ff35????????         |                     
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8945fc               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 4], eax

        $sequence_17 = { 668945e2 c745e400000000 6a00 6a00 }
            // n = 4, score = 200
            //   668945e2             | mov                 word ptr [ebp - 0x1e], ax
            //   c745e400000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c], 0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_18 = { 6a00 6a00 68???????? 6a00 e8???????? eba9 }
            // n = 6, score = 200
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   eba9                 | jmp                 0xffffffab

        $sequence_19 = { 6a00 6a00 ff75f0 e8???????? c7459c44000000 }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   ff75f0               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   c7459c44000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x64], 0x44

        $sequence_20 = { ff75fc e8???????? 6a06 ff75f8 e8???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 200
            //   ff75fc               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6a06                 | push                6
            //   ff75f8               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_21 = { c745c801010000 8d458c 50 8d459c 50 6a00 6a00 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   c745c801010000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x38], 0x101
            //   8d458c               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x74]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   8d459c               | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x64]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   6a00                 | push                0
            //   6a00                 | push                0

        $sequence_22 = { 68???????? 6801010000 e8???????? 66c745e00200 68401f0000 e8???????? 668945e2 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   6801010000           | push                0x101
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   66c745e00200         | mov                 word ptr [ebp - 0x20], 2
            //   68401f0000           | push                0x1f40
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   668945e2             | mov                 word ptr [ebp - 0x1e], ax

        $sequence_23 = { 7526 ff75f8 e8???????? 40 50 ff75f8 6a01 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   7526                 | jne                 0x28
            //   ff75f8               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   40                   | inc                 eax
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff75f8               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   6a01                 | push                1

        $sequence_24 = { 8b45ec 8b55fc 8b0490 81f683073af8 81e7d889e666 8945f8 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   8b45ec               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x14]
            //   8b55fc               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8b0490               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax + edx*4]
            //   81f683073af8         | xor                 esi, 0xf83a0783
            //   81e7d889e666         | and                 edi, 0x66e689d8
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax

        $sequence_25 = { 81f3101a664b 23f8 81fbb13a759a 743b 8b4508 0145f8 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   81f3101a664b         | xor                 ebx, 0x4b661a10
            //   23f8                 | and                 edi, eax
            //   81fbb13a759a         | cmp                 ebx, 0x9a753ab1
            //   743b                 | je                  0x3d
            //   8b4508               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   0145f8               | add                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax

        $sequence_26 = { 81e968609267 81faff69544f 74ec e9???????? 8bda }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   81e968609267         | sub                 ecx, 0x67926068
            //   81faff69544f         | cmp                 edx, 0x4f5469ff
            //   74ec                 | je                  0xffffffee
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8bda                 | mov                 ebx, edx

        $sequence_27 = { 74a8 e8???????? 05???????? 50 ff7510 ff5644 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   74a8                 | je                  0xffffffaa
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   05????????           |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff7510               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   ff5644               | call                dword ptr [esi + 0x44]

        $sequence_28 = { 7456 85c0 7509 394510 0f840c010000 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   7456                 | je                  0x58
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   7509                 | jne                 0xb
            //   394510               | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x10], eax
            //   0f840c010000         | je                  0x112

        $sequence_29 = { 8945f8 81c727a0f047 ff560c 03d8 837df800 0f842dffffff 83651800 }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   8945f8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], eax
            //   81c727a0f047         | add                 edi, 0x47f0a027
            //   ff560c               | call                dword ptr [esi + 0xc]
            //   03d8                 | add                 ebx, eax
            //   837df800             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], 0
            //   0f842dffffff         | je                  0xffffff33
            //   83651800             | and                 dword ptr [ebp + 0x18], 0

        $sequence_30 = { 81fb37355e10 0f856afeffff e9???????? 55 8bec 83ec24 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   81fb37355e10         | cmp                 ebx, 0x105e3537
            //   0f856afeffff         | jne                 0xfffffe70
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   55                   | push                ebp
            //   8bec                 | mov                 ebp, esp
            //   83ec24               | sub                 esp, 0x24

        $sequence_31 = { 81ff8a1e4c63 74d5 33d2 3bc2 0f84e8010000 8b45e4 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   81ff8a1e4c63         | cmp                 edi, 0x634c1e8a
            //   74d5                 | je                  0xffffffd7
            //   33d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   3bc2                 | cmp                 eax, edx
            //   0f84e8010000         | je                  0x1ee
            //   8b45e4               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c]

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 204800
}
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