SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.carbanak (Back to overview)

Carbanak

aka: Anunak, Sekur RAT

Actor(s): FIN7


MyCERT states that Carbanak is a remote backdoor designed for espionage, data exfiltration, and to remote control.

The attacker deploy malware via spear phishing email to lure the user to open and run the malicious attachment that will infect the machine. The main objective of this campaign is primarily to remotely control the infected machine and gain control of the internal destinations of money processing services such as Automated Teller Machines(ATM) and financial accounts. The following information are the malware capabilities:

References
2022-07-30cocomelonc
@online{cocomelonc:20220730:malware:0f84be1, author = {cocomelonc}, title = {{Malware AV evasion - part 8. Encode payload via Z85}}, date = {2022-07-30}, url = {https://cocomelonc.github.io/malware/2022/07/30/malware-av-evasion-8.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-12-01} } Malware AV evasion - part 8. Encode payload via Z85
Agent Tesla Carbanak Carberp Cardinal RAT Cobalt Strike donut_injector
2022-07-18Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Unit 42
@online{42:20220718:mule:e63194d, author = {Unit 42}, title = {{Mule Libra}}, date = {2022-07-18}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/atoms/mulelibra/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-29} } Mule Libra
Carbanak Cobalt
2022-05-09cocomelonccocomelonc
@online{cocomelonc:20220509:malware:1cdee23, author = {cocomelonc}, title = {{Malware development: persistence - part 4. Windows services. Simple C++ example.}}, date = {2022-05-09}, organization = {cocomelonc}, url = {https://cocomelonc.github.io/tutorial/2022/05/09/malware-pers-4.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-12-01} } Malware development: persistence - part 4. Windows services. Simple C++ example.
Anchor AppleJeus Attor BBSRAT BlackEnergy Carbanak Cobalt Strike DuQu
2022-04-27ANSSIANSSI
@techreport{anssi:20220427:le:5d47343, author = {ANSSI}, title = {{LE GROUPE CYBERCRIMINEL FIN7}}, date = {2022-04-27}, institution = {ANSSI}, url = {https://cert.ssi.gouv.fr/uploads/20220427_NP_TLPWHITE_ANSSI_FIN7.pdf}, language = {French}, urldate = {2022-05-05} } LE GROUPE CYBERCRIMINEL FIN7
Bateleur BELLHOP Griffon SQLRat POWERSOURCE Andromeda BABYMETAL BlackCat BlackMatter BOOSTWRITE Carbanak Cobalt Strike DNSMessenger Dridex DRIFTPIN Gameover P2P MimiKatz Murofet Qadars Ranbyus SocksBot
2022-04-04MandiantBryce Abdo, Zander Work, Ioana Teaca, Brendan McKeague
@online{abdo:20220404:fin7:305d62b, author = {Bryce Abdo and Zander Work and Ioana Teaca and Brendan McKeague}, title = {{FIN7 Power Hour: Adversary Archaeology and the Evolution of FIN7}}, date = {2022-04-04}, organization = {Mandiant}, url = {https://www.mandiant.com/resources/evolution-of-fin7}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-06-27} } FIN7 Power Hour: Adversary Archaeology and the Evolution of FIN7
Griffon BABYMETAL Carbanak Cobalt Strike JSSLoader Termite
2021-09-06cocomelonccocomelonc
@online{cocomelonc:20210906:av:215e5aa, author = {cocomelonc}, title = {{AV engines evasion for C++ simple malware: part 2}}, date = {2021-09-06}, organization = {cocomelonc}, url = {https://cocomelonc.github.io/tutorial/2021/09/06/simple-malware-av-evasion-2.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-11-28} } AV engines evasion for C++ simple malware: part 2
Agent Tesla Amadey Anchor Carbanak Carberp Cardinal RAT Felixroot Konni Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Maze Unidentified 090 (Lazarus)
2021-08-30CrowdStrikeEric Loui, Josh Reynolds
@online{loui:20210830:carbon:66be3f3, author = {Eric Loui and Josh Reynolds}, title = {{CARBON SPIDER Embraces Big Game Hunting, Part 1}}, date = {2021-08-30}, organization = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/carbon-spider-embraces-big-game-hunting-part-1/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-08-31} } CARBON SPIDER Embraces Big Game Hunting, Part 1
Bateleur Griffon Carbanak DarkSide JSSLoader PILLOWMINT REvil
2021-06-02The RecordCatalin Cimpanu
@online{cimpanu:20210602:two:5237d2e, author = {Catalin Cimpanu}, title = {{Two Carbanak hackers sentenced to eight years in prison in Kazakhstan}}, date = {2021-06-02}, organization = {The Record}, url = {https://therecord.media/two-carbanak-hackers-sentenced-to-eight-years-in-prison-in-kazakhstan/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-16} } Two Carbanak hackers sentenced to eight years in prison in Kazakhstan
Carbanak
2021-02-26CrowdStrikeEric Loui, Sergei Frankoff
@online{loui:20210226:hypervisor:8dadf9c, author = {Eric Loui and Sergei Frankoff}, title = {{Hypervisor Jackpotting: CARBON SPIDER and SPRITE SPIDER Target ESXi Servers With Ransomware to Maximize Impact}}, date = {2021-02-26}, organization = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/carbon-spider-sprite-spider-target-esxi-servers-with-ransomware/?utm_campaign=blog&utm_medium=soc&utm_source=twtr&utm_content=sprout}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-26} } Hypervisor Jackpotting: CARBON SPIDER and SPRITE SPIDER Target ESXi Servers With Ransomware to Maximize Impact
DarkSide RansomEXX Griffon Carbanak Cobalt Strike DarkSide IcedID MimiKatz PyXie RansomEXX REvil
2020-12-22TRUESECMattias Wåhlén
@online{whln:20201222:collaboration:5d2ad28, author = {Mattias Wåhlén}, title = {{Collaboration between FIN7 and the RYUK group, a Truesec Investigation}}, date = {2020-12-22}, organization = {TRUESEC}, url = {https://blog.truesec.com/2020/12/22/collaboration-between-fin7-and-the-ryuk-group-a-truesec-investigation/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-01} } Collaboration between FIN7 and the RYUK group, a Truesec Investigation
Carbanak Cobalt Strike Ryuk
2020-09-01PRODAFT Threat IntelligencePRODAFT
@online{prodaft:20200901:opblueraven:ca6fb44, author = {PRODAFT}, title = {{OpBlueRaven: Unveiling Fin7/Carbanak - Part II : BadUSB Attacks}}, date = {2020-09-01}, organization = {PRODAFT Threat Intelligence}, url = {https://threatintel.blog/OPBlueRaven-Part2/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-23} } OpBlueRaven: Unveiling Fin7/Carbanak - Part II : BadUSB Attacks
Bella Carbanak FIN7
2020-07-31PRODAFT Threat IntelligencePRODAFT
@online{prodaft:20200731:opblueraven:9e58e0c, author = {PRODAFT}, title = {{OpBlueRaven: Unveiling Fin7/Carbanak - Part 1 : Tirion}}, date = {2020-07-31}, organization = {PRODAFT Threat Intelligence}, url = {https://threatintel.blog/OPBlueRaven-Part1/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-23} } OpBlueRaven: Unveiling Fin7/Carbanak - Part 1 : Tirion
Carbanak REvil FIN7
2020-03-23Kaspersky LabsFélix Aime, Yury Namestnikov
@online{aime:20200323:fin7:66bea6f, author = {Félix Aime and Yury Namestnikov}, title = {{Fin7 APT: how billion dollar crime ring remains active after leaders’ arrest}}, date = {2020-03-23}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15591/382191/fin7-apt-how-billion-dollar-crime-ring-remains-active-after-leaders-arrest}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-07} } Fin7 APT: how billion dollar crime ring remains active after leaders’ arrest
Carbanak
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls VPNFilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:gold:97e5784, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{GOLD NIAGARA}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/gold-niagara}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } GOLD NIAGARA
Bateleur Griffon Carbanak Cobalt Strike DRIFTPIN TinyMet FIN7
2019-04-24FireEyeJames T. Bennett, Michael Bailey
@online{bennett:20190424:carbanak:2376f75, author = {James T. Bennett and Michael Bailey}, title = {{CARBANAK Week Part Three: Behind the CARBANAK Backdoor}}, date = {2019-04-24}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2019/04/carbanak-week-part-three-behind-the-backdoor.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } CARBANAK Week Part Three: Behind the CARBANAK Backdoor
Carbanak
2019-04-22FireEyeMichael Bailey, James T. Bennett
@online{bailey:20190422:carbanak:c94c9f1, author = {Michael Bailey and James T. Bennett}, title = {{CARBANAK Week Part One: A Rare Occurrence}}, date = {2019-04-22}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2019/04/carbanak-week-part-one-a-rare-occurrence.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } CARBANAK Week Part One: A Rare Occurrence
Carbanak
2018-10-01FireEyeRegina Elwell, Katie Nickels
@techreport{elwell:20181001:attcking:3c6d888, author = {Regina Elwell and Katie Nickels}, title = {{ATT&CKing FIN7}}, date = {2018-10-01}, institution = {FireEye}, url = {https://summit.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/summit/cds-2018/presentations/cds18-technical-s05-att&cking-fin7.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-25} } ATT&CKing FIN7
Bateleur BELLHOP Griffon ANTAK POWERPIPE POWERSOURCE HALFBAKED BABYMETAL Carbanak Cobalt Strike DNSMessenger DRIFTPIN PILLOWMINT SocksBot
2017-06-12FireEyeBarry Vengerik, James T. Bennett
@online{vengerik:20170612:behind:14b4edc, author = {Barry Vengerik and James T. Bennett}, title = {{Behind the CARBANAK Backdoor}}, date = {2017-06-12}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/06/behind-the-carbanak-backdoor.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Behind the CARBANAK Backdoor
Carbanak DRIFTPIN
2015-02Kaspersky SASGReAT
@online{great:201502:carbanak:1b262fc, author = {GReAT}, title = {{Carbanak APT: The Great Bank Robbery}}, date = {2015-02}, organization = {Kaspersky SAS}, url = {https://app.box.com/s/p7qzcury97tuwk26694uutujwqmwqyhe}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Carbanak APT: The Great Bank Robbery
Carbanak FIN7
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_carbanak_auto (20221125 | Detects win.carbanak.)
rule win_carbanak_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2022-11-21"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.carbanak."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.carbanak"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20221118"
        malpedia_hash = "e0702e2e6d1d00da65c8a29a4ebacd0a4c59e1af"
        malpedia_version = "20221125"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 6a02 e8???????? 59 59 ffd0 8ac3 5b }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   6a02                 | push                2
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   ffd0                 | call                eax
            //   8ac3                 | mov                 al, bl
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx

        $sequence_1 = { 57 6803000080 8d4dfc e8???????? 6aff 33db 53 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   6803000080           | push                0x80000003
            //   8d4dfc               | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 4]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6aff                 | push                -1
            //   33db                 | xor                 ebx, ebx
            //   53                   | push                ebx

        $sequence_2 = { 8b750c 8d4220 57 33ff 8d5a60 84c9 0f45d8 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   8b750c               | mov                 esi, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   8d4220               | lea                 eax, [edx + 0x20]
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi
            //   8d5a60               | lea                 ebx, [edx + 0x60]
            //   84c9                 | test                cl, cl
            //   0f45d8               | cmovne              ebx, eax

        $sequence_3 = { e8???????? 83c40c 84c0 744c 6810270000 8d8df4feffff e8???????? }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c40c               | add                 esp, 0xc
            //   84c0                 | test                al, al
            //   744c                 | je                  0x4e
            //   6810270000           | push                0x2710
            //   8d8df4feffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x10c]
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_4 = { 8d85a0feffff 8bfb 50 8d8d90feffff 897df0 e8???????? 6aff }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   8d85a0feffff         | lea                 eax, [ebp - 0x160]
            //   8bfb                 | mov                 edi, ebx
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   8d8d90feffff         | lea                 ecx, [ebp - 0x170]
            //   897df0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], edi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6aff                 | push                -1

        $sequence_5 = { 5d c20400 56 57 8bf1 33ff 397e08 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   c20400               | ret                 4
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   8bf1                 | mov                 esi, ecx
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi
            //   397e08               | cmp                 dword ptr [esi + 8], edi

        $sequence_6 = { 50 ff7510 ff7514 57 ff7508 e8???????? 83c418 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff7510               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   ff7514               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 0x14]
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   ff7508               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c418               | add                 esp, 0x18

        $sequence_7 = { 57 e8???????? 8b4510 8b750c 50 57 894620 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8b4510               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   8b750c               | mov                 esi, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   894620               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 0x20], eax

        $sequence_8 = { 8bce e8???????? 56 e8???????? 59 8b450c 5e }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   8b450c               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_9 = { 84c0 751d 6a01 e8???????? 59 ff75f0 ffd0 }
            // n = 7, score = 200
            //   84c0                 | test                al, al
            //   751d                 | jne                 0x1f
            //   6a01                 | push                1
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   ff75f0               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 0x10]
            //   ffd0                 | call                eax

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 425984
}
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