SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.ave_maria (Back to overview)

Ave Maria

aka: AVE_MARIA, AveMariaRAT, Warzone RAT, avemaria

Actor(s): Anunak


Information stealer which uses AutoIT for wrapping.

References
2021-09-23TalosAsheer Malhotra, Vanja Svajcer, Justin Thattil
@online{malhotra:20210923:operation:056c76c, author = {Asheer Malhotra and Vanja Svajcer and Justin Thattil}, title = {{Operation “Armor Piercer:” Targeted attacks in the Indian subcontinent using commercial RATs}}, date = {2021-09-23}, organization = {Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2021/09/operation-armor-piercer.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-10-05} } Operation “Armor Piercer:” Targeted attacks in the Indian subcontinent using commercial RATs
Ave Maria NetWire RC
2021-09-20Trend MicroAliakbar Zahravi, William Gamazo Sanchez
@online{zahravi:20210920:water:63df486, author = {Aliakbar Zahravi and William Gamazo Sanchez}, title = {{Water Basilisk Uses New HCrypt Variant to Flood Victims with RAT Payloads}}, date = {2021-09-20}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/21/i/Water-Basilisk-Uses-New-HCrypt-Variant-to-Flood-Victims-with-RAT-Payloads.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-22} } Water Basilisk Uses New HCrypt Variant to Flood Victims with RAT Payloads
Ave Maria BitRAT LimeRAT Nanocore RAT NjRAT Quasar RAT
2021-09-13Trend MicroJaromír Hořejší, Daniel Lunghi
@online{hoej:20210913:aptc36:9b97238, author = {Jaromír Hořejší and Daniel Lunghi}, title = {{APT-C-36 Updates Its Spam Campaign Against South American Entities With Commodity RATs}}, date = {2021-09-13}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/21/i/apt-c-36-updates-its-long-term-spam-campaign-against-south-ameri.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-14} } APT-C-36 Updates Its Spam Campaign Against South American Entities With Commodity RATs
AsyncRAT Ave Maria BitRAT Imminent Monitor RAT LimeRAT NjRAT Remcos
2021-09-13Trend MicroJaromír Hořejší, Daniel Lunghi
@online{hoej:20210913:aptc36:d6456f8, author = {Jaromír Hořejší and Daniel Lunghi}, title = {{APT-C-36 Updates Its Spam Campaign Against South American Entities With Commodity RATs (IOCs)}}, date = {2021-09-13}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/content/dam/trendmicro/global/en/research/21/i/apt-c-36-updates-its-long-term-spam-campaign-against-south-american-entities-with-commodity-rats/BlindEagleIOCList.txt}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-09-14} } APT-C-36 Updates Its Spam Campaign Against South American Entities With Commodity RATs (IOCs)
AsyncRAT Ave Maria BitRAT Imminent Monitor RAT LimeRAT NjRAT Remcos
2021-07-21Youtube (OALabs)OALabs
@online{oalabs:20210721:warzone:d391d61, author = {OALabs}, title = {{Warzone RAT Config Extraction With Python and IDA Pro}}, date = {2021-07-21}, organization = {Youtube (OALabs)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-G82xh9m4hc}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-22} } Warzone RAT Config Extraction With Python and IDA Pro
Ave Maria
2021-07-12IBMMelissa Frydrych, Claire Zaboeva, Dan Dash
@online{frydrych:20210712:roboski:1f66418, author = {Melissa Frydrych and Claire Zaboeva and Dan Dash}, title = {{RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation}}, date = {2021-07-12}, organization = {IBM}, url = {https://securityintelligence.com/posts/roboski-global-recovery-automation/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-20} } RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation
404 Keylogger Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult BitRAT Formbook HawkEye Keylogger Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT RedLine Stealer Remcos
2021-07-12Cipher Tech SolutionsMelissa Frydrych, Claire Zaboeva, Dan Dash
@online{frydrych:20210712:roboski:a3c66bf, author = {Melissa Frydrych and Claire Zaboeva and Dan Dash}, title = {{RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation}}, date = {2021-07-12}, organization = {Cipher Tech Solutions}, url = {https://www.ciphertechsolutions.com/roboski-global-recovery-automation/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-20} } RoboSki and Global Recovery: Automation to Combat Evolving Obfuscation
404 Keylogger Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult BitRAT Formbook HawkEye Keylogger Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT RedLine Stealer Remcos
2021-07-01Quick HealAyush Puri
@online{puri:20210701:warzone:becd74e, author = {Ayush Puri}, title = {{WARZONE RAT – Beware Of The Trojan Malware Stealing Data Triggering From Various Office Documents}}, date = {2021-07-01}, organization = {Quick Heal}, url = {https://blogs.quickheal.com/warzone-rat-beware-of-the-trojan-malware-stealing-data-triggering-from-various-office-documents/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-11} } WARZONE RAT – Beware Of The Trojan Malware Stealing Data Triggering From Various Office Documents
Ave Maria
2021-05-19Youtube (OALabs)Sergei Frankoff
@online{frankoff:20210519:reverse:f2f9d20, author = {Sergei Frankoff}, title = {{Reverse Engineering Warzone RAT - Part 1}}, date = {2021-05-19}, organization = {Youtube (OALabs)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81fdvmGmRvM}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-26} } Reverse Engineering Warzone RAT - Part 1
Ave Maria
2021-02-28PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20210228:cyber:bd780cd, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2020: A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2021-02-28}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/pdf/pwc-cyber-threats-2020-a-year-in-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-03-04} } Cyber Threats 2020: A Year in Retrospect
elf.wellmess FlowerPower PowGoop 8.t Dropper Agent.BTZ Agent Tesla Appleseed Ave Maria Bankshot BazarBackdoor BLINDINGCAN Chinoxy Conti Cotx RAT Crimson RAT DUSTMAN Emotet FriedEx FunnyDream Hakbit Mailto Maze METALJACK Nefilim Oblique RAT Pay2Key PlugX QakBot REvil Ryuk StoneDrill StrongPity SUNBURST SUPERNOVA TrickBot TurlaRPC Turla SilentMoon WastedLocker WellMess Winnti ZeroCleare
2021-02-06Clairvoyance Security LabAdvanced threat research team
@online{team:20210206:mo:c85d4df, author = {Advanced threat research team}, title = {{Mo Luoxiu (Confucius) organizes a new round of secret theft attacks on South Asian military enterprises}}, date = {2021-02-06}, organization = {Clairvoyance Security Lab}, url = {https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/fsesosMnKIfAi_I9I0wKSA}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2021-02-09} } Mo Luoxiu (Confucius) organizes a new round of secret theft attacks on South Asian military enterprises
Ave Maria
2021-01-27Youtube (OALabs)Sergei Frankoff
@online{frankoff:20210127:ida:15a720f, author = {Sergei Frankoff}, title = {{IDA Pro Decompiler Basics Microcode and x86 Calling Conventions}}, date = {2021-01-27}, organization = {Youtube (OALabs)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0tdj1WDioM}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-27} } IDA Pro Decompiler Basics Microcode and x86 Calling Conventions
Ave Maria
2021-01-21360 Threat Intelligence CenterAdvanced Threat Institute
@online{institute:20210121:disclosure:7709c9e, author = {Advanced Threat Institute}, title = {{Disclosure of Manling Flower Organization (APT-C-08) using Warzone RAT attack}}, date = {2021-01-21}, organization = {360 Threat Intelligence Center}, url = {https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/C09P0al1nhsyyujHRp0FAw}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2021-01-26} } Disclosure of Manling Flower Organization (APT-C-08) using Warzone RAT attack
Ave Maria
2021-01-12UptycsAbhijit Mohanta, Ashwin Vamshi
@online{mohanta:20210112:confucius:865bcc8, author = {Abhijit Mohanta and Ashwin Vamshi}, title = {{Confucius APT deploys Warzone RAT}}, date = {2021-01-12}, organization = {Uptycs}, url = {https://www.uptycs.com/blog/confucius-apt-deploys-warzone-rat}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-13} } Confucius APT deploys Warzone RAT
Ave Maria Confucius
2020-12-21Cisco TalosJON MUNSHAW
@online{munshaw:20201221:2020:4a88f84, author = {JON MUNSHAW}, title = {{2020: The year in malware}}, date = {2020-12-21}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/12/2020-year-in-malware.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-26} } 2020: The year in malware
WolfRAT Prometei Poet RAT Agent Tesla Astaroth Ave Maria CRAT Emotet Gozi IndigoDrop JhoneRAT Nanocore RAT NjRAT Oblique RAT SmokeLoader StrongPity WastedLocker Zloader
2020-11-30Medium Asuna AmawakaAsuna Amawaka
@online{amawaka:20201130:do:ff3adb4, author = {Asuna Amawaka}, title = {{Do you want to bake a donut? Come on, let’s go update~ Go away, Maria.}}, date = {2020-11-30}, organization = {Medium Asuna Amawaka}, url = {https://medium.com/insomniacs/do-you-want-to-bake-a-donut-come-on-lets-go-update-go-away-maria-e8e2b33683b1}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-02-18} } Do you want to bake a donut? Come on, let’s go update~ Go away, Maria.
Ave Maria
2020-11-25UptycsShilpesh Trivedi, Abhijit Mohanta
@online{trivedi:20201125:warzone:bb2219a, author = {Shilpesh Trivedi and Abhijit Mohanta}, title = {{Warzone RAT comes with UAC bypass technique}}, date = {2020-11-25}, organization = {Uptycs}, url = {https://www.uptycs.com/blog/warzone-rat-comes-with-uac-bypass-technique}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-16} } Warzone RAT comes with UAC bypass technique
Ave Maria
2020-11-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20201103:trends:febc159, author = {GReAT}, title = {{APT trends report Q3 2020}}, date = {2020-11-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/apt-trends-report-q3-2020/99204/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-04} } APT trends report Q3 2020
WellMail EVILNUM Janicab Poet RAT AsyncRAT Ave Maria Cobalt Strike Crimson RAT CROSSWALK Dtrack LODEINFO MoriAgent Okrum PlugX poisonplug Rover ShadowPad SoreFang Winnti
2020-09-02Cisco TalosHolger Unterbrink, Edmund Brumaghin
@online{unterbrink:20200902:salfram:74ae3c9, author = {Holger Unterbrink and Edmund Brumaghin}, title = {{Salfram: Robbing the place without removing your name tag}}, date = {2020-09-02}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/09/salfram-robbing-place-without-removing.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-03} } Salfram: Robbing the place without removing your name tag
Ave Maria ISFB SmokeLoader Zloader
2020-07-30SpamhausSpamhaus Malware Labs
@techreport{labs:20200730:spamhaus:038546d, author = {Spamhaus Malware Labs}, title = {{Spamhaus Botnet Threat Update Q2 2020}}, date = {2020-07-30}, institution = {Spamhaus}, url = {https://www.spamhaus.org/news/images/botnet-report-2020-q2/2020-q2-spamhaus-botnet-threat-report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-30} } Spamhaus Botnet Threat Update Q2 2020
AdWind Agent Tesla Arkei Stealer AsyncRAT Ave Maria Azorult DanaBot Emotet IcedID ISFB KPOT Stealer Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Pony Raccoon RedLine Stealer Remcos Zloader
2020-05-21MalwarebytesMalwarebytes Labs
@techreport{labs:20200521:cybercrime:d38d2da, author = {Malwarebytes Labs}, title = {{Cybercrime tactics and techniques}}, date = {2020-05-21}, institution = {Malwarebytes}, url = {https://resources.malwarebytes.com/files/2020/05/CTNT_Q1_2020_COVID-Report_Final.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-03} } Cybercrime tactics and techniques
Ave Maria Azorult DanaBot Loki Password Stealer (PWS) NetWire RC
2020-02-03Check Point ResearchYaroslav Harakhavik
@online{harakhavik:20200203:warzone:18606cf, author = {Yaroslav Harakhavik}, title = {{Warzone: Behind the enemy lines}}, date = {2020-02-03}, organization = {Check Point Research}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2020/warzone-behind-the-enemy-lines/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } Warzone: Behind the enemy lines
Ave Maria
2019-07-25Team CymruTeam Cymru
@online{cymru:20190725:unmasking:91638f6, author = {Team Cymru}, title = {{Unmasking AVE_MARIA}}, date = {2019-07-25}, organization = {Team Cymru}, url = {https://blog.team-cymru.com/2019/07/25/unmasking-ave_maria/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Unmasking AVE_MARIA
Ave Maria
2019-05-08Kaspersky LabsKaspersky Labs
@online{labs:20190508:fin7:6874fc6, author = {Kaspersky Labs}, title = {{Fin7 hacking group targets more than 130 companies after leaders’ arrest}}, date = {2019-05-08}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://www.kaspersky.com/about/press-releases/2019_fin7-hacking-group-targets-more-than-130-companies-after-leaders-arrest}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-22} } Fin7 hacking group targets more than 130 companies after leaders’ arrest
Ave Maria ANTHROPOID SPIDER
2019-05-08Kaspersky LabsYury Namestnikov, Félix Aime
@online{namestnikov:20190508:fin75:443b111, author = {Yury Namestnikov and Félix Aime}, title = {{FIN7.5: the infamous cybercrime rig “FIN7” continues its activities}}, date = {2019-05-08}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/fin7-5-the-infamous-cybercrime-rig-fin7-continues-its-activities/90703/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } FIN7.5: the infamous cybercrime rig “FIN7” continues its activities
Griffon Ave Maria FIN7
2019-04-11ReaqtaReaqta
@online{reaqta:20190411:avemaria:d6cd904, author = {Reaqta}, title = {{Ave_Maria Malware: there's more than meets the eye}}, date = {2019-04-11}, organization = {Reaqta}, url = {https://reaqta.com/2019/04/ave_maria-malware-part1/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Ave_Maria Malware: there's more than meets the eye
Ave Maria
2019-03-01MorphisecAlon Groisman
@online{groisman:20190301:threat:aaf612e, author = {Alon Groisman}, title = {{Threat Alert: AVE Maria infostealer on the rise}}, date = {2019-03-01}, organization = {Morphisec}, url = {http://blog.morphisec.com/threat-alert-ave-maria-infostealer-on-the-rise-with-new-stealthier-delivery}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Threat Alert: AVE Maria infostealer on the rise
Ave Maria
2019-01-11Cybaze-Yorio Z-LabAntonio Farina, Luca Mella, Antonio Pirozzi
@online{farina:20190111:avemaria:a3fd77c, author = {Antonio Farina and Luca Mella and Antonio Pirozzi}, title = {{The “AVE_MARIA” Malware}}, date = {2019-01-11}, organization = {Cybaze-Yorio Z-Lab}, url = {https://blog.yoroi.company/research/the-ave_maria-malware/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-26} } The “AVE_MARIA” Malware
Ave Maria
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_ave_maria_auto (20211008 | Detects win.ave_maria.)
rule win_ave_maria_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-10-07"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.ave_maria."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.ave_maria"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20211007"
        malpedia_hash = "e5b790e0f888f252d49063a1251ca60ec2832535"
        malpedia_version = "20211008"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 837df800 5e 7409 ff75f8 ff15???????? 8b4d0c e8???????? }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   837df800             | cmp                 dword ptr [ebp - 8], 0
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   7409                 | je                  0xb
            //   ff75f8               | push                dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8b4d0c               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_1 = { 750b 6a03 8d45f8 50 e8???????? 8d45fc 50 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   750b                 | jne                 0xd
            //   6a03                 | push                3
            //   8d45f8               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 8]
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8d45fc               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   50                   | push                eax

        $sequence_2 = { ff15???????? 8b4dfc 8bf0 e8???????? 51 85f6 750b }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   8b4dfc               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 4]
            //   8bf0                 | mov                 esi, eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   51                   | push                ecx
            //   85f6                 | test                esi, esi
            //   750b                 | jne                 0xd

        $sequence_3 = { 57 33ff 8bf1 57 57 6a03 57 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   33ff                 | xor                 edi, edi
            //   8bf1                 | mov                 esi, ecx
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   6a03                 | push                3
            //   57                   | push                edi

        $sequence_4 = { ff7510 8d4e0c e8???????? 8bc6 5e 5d c20c00 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   ff7510               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]
            //   8d4e0c               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [esi + 0xc]
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp
            //   c20c00               | ret                 0xc

        $sequence_5 = { 1bf6 23f0 e9???????? 6a0c 59 e8???????? }
            // n = 6, score = 400
            //   1bf6                 | sbb                 esi, esi
            //   23f0                 | and                 esi, eax
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   6a0c                 | push                0xc
            //   59                   | pop                 ecx
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_6 = { 47 56 8b35???????? ffd6 53 ffd6 8bc7 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   47                   | inc                 edi
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   8b35????????         |                     
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi
            //   53                   | push                ebx
            //   ffd6                 | call                esi
            //   8bc7                 | mov                 eax, edi

        $sequence_7 = { 8b4624 83c328 8b4d08 41 894d08 0fb74006 3bc8 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   8b4624               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [esi + 0x24]
            //   83c328               | add                 ebx, 0x28
            //   8b4d08               | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp + 8]
            //   41                   | inc                 ecx
            //   894d08               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 8], ecx
            //   0fb74006             | movzx               eax, word ptr [eax + 6]
            //   3bc8                 | cmp                 ecx, eax

        $sequence_8 = { ff15???????? 33d2 8906 83f8ff 8bc6 0f95c2 895604 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   33d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   8906                 | mov                 dword ptr [esi], eax
            //   83f8ff               | cmp                 eax, -1
            //   8bc6                 | mov                 eax, esi
            //   0f95c2               | setne               dl
            //   895604               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 4], edx

        $sequence_9 = { 42 8915???????? 33c0 c3 }
            // n = 4, score = 400
            //   42                   | inc                 edx
            //   8915????????         |                     
            //   33c0                 | xor                 eax, eax
            //   c3                   | ret                 

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 237568
}
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