SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.lockergoga (Back to overview)

LockerGoga

Actor(s): FIN6


According to Trend Micro, LockerGoga is a ransomware that has been used in multiple attacks, most notably against Altran Technologies and Norsk Hydro. It encrypts a range of documents and source code files but certain versions had little to no whitelist that would protect import system files such as the Windows Boot Manager.

References
2020-07-15FireEyeNathan Brubaker, Daniel Kapellmann Zafra, Keith Lunden, Ken Proska, Corey Hildebrandt
@online{brubaker:20200715:financially:f217555, author = {Nathan Brubaker and Daniel Kapellmann Zafra and Keith Lunden and Ken Proska and Corey Hildebrandt}, title = {{Financially Motivated Actors Are Expanding Access Into OT: Analysis of Kill Lists That Include OT Processes Used With Seven Malware Families}}, date = {2020-07-15}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2020/07/financially-motivated-actors-are-expanding-access-into-ot.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-16} } Financially Motivated Actors Are Expanding Access Into OT: Analysis of Kill Lists That Include OT Processes Used With Seven Malware Families
DoppelPaymer LockerGoga Maze MegaCortex Nefilim Snake
2020-03-05MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Protection Intelligence Team
@online{team:20200305:humanoperated:d90a28e, author = {Microsoft Threat Protection Intelligence Team}, title = {{Human-operated ransomware attacks: A preventable disaster}}, date = {2020-03-05}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2020/03/05/human-operated-ransomware-attacks-a-preventable-disaster/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-06} } Human-operated ransomware attacks: A preventable disaster
Dharma DoppelPaymer Dridex EternalPetya Gandcrab Hermes LockerGoga MegaCortex MimiKatz REvil RobinHood Ryuk SamSam TrickBot WannaCryptor
2020-03-04CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20200304:2020:818c85f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report}}, date = {2020-03-04}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/Report2020CrowdStrikeGlobalThreatReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-24} } 2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report
MESSAGETAP More_eggs 8.t Dropper Anchor BabyShark BadNews Clop Cobalt Strike CobInt Cobra Carbon System Cutwail DanaBot Dharma DoppelDridex DoppelPaymer Dridex Emotet FlawedAmmyy FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 IcedID ISFB KerrDown LightNeuron LockerGoga Maze MECHANICAL Necurs Nokki Outlook Backdoor Phobos Predator The Thief QakBot REvil RobinHood Ryuk SDBbot Skipper SmokeLoader TerraRecon TerraStealer TerraTV TinyLoader TrickBot vidar Winnti ANTHROPOID SPIDER APT31 APT39 BlackTech BuhTrap Charming Kitten CLOCKWORK SPIDER DOPPEL SPIDER FIN7 Gamaredon Group Leviathan MONTY SPIDER Mustang Panda NARWHAL SPIDER NOCTURNAL SPIDER PINCHY SPIDER Pirate Panda SALTY SPIDER SCULLY SPIDER SMOKY SPIDER Thrip VENOM SPIDER
2020-03-03PWC UKPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20200303:cyber:1f1eef0, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2020-03-03}, institution = {PWC UK}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/assets/cyber-threats-2019-retrospect.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Cyber Threats 2019:A Year in Retrospect
KevDroid MESSAGETAP magecart AndroMut Cobalt Strike CobInt Crimson RAT DNSpionage Dridex Dtrack Emotet FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 GlobeImposter Grateful POS ISFB Kazuar LockerGoga Nokki QakBot Ramnit REvil Rifdoor RokRAT Ryuk shadowhammer ShadowPad Shifu Skipper StoneDrill Stuxnet TrickBot Winnti ZeroCleare Axiom
2020-03DragosJoe Slowik
@techreport{slowik:202003:spyware:412ef8a, author = {Joe Slowik}, title = {{Spyware Stealer Locker Wiper Locker Goga Revisited}}, date = {2020-03}, institution = {Dragos}, url = {https://dragos.com/wp-content/uploads/Spyware-Stealer-Locker-Wiper-LockerGoga-Revisited.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-18} } Spyware Stealer Locker Wiper Locker Goga Revisited
LockerGoga
2020-02-20McAfeeChristiaan Beek, Eamonn Ryan, Darren Fitzpatrick
@online{beek:20200220:csi:8525a7b, author = {Christiaan Beek and Eamonn Ryan and Darren Fitzpatrick}, title = {{CSI: Evidence Indicators for Targeted Ransomware Attacks – Part II}}, date = {2020-02-20}, organization = {McAfee}, url = {https://www.mcafee.com/blogs/other-blogs/mcafee-labs/csi-evidence-indicators-for-targeted-ransomware-attacks-part-ii/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-13} } CSI: Evidence Indicators for Targeted Ransomware Attacks – Part II
Cobalt Strike LockerGoga Maze MegaCortex
2020-02-19FireEyeFireEye
@online{fireeye:20200219:mtrends:193613a, author = {FireEye}, title = {{M-Trends 2020}}, date = {2020-02-19}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://content.fireeye.com/m-trends/rpt-m-trends-2020}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } M-Trends 2020
Cobalt Strike Grateful POS LockerGoga QakBot TrickBot
2020-01-29ANSSIANSSI
@techreport{anssi:20200129:tat:3d59e6e, author = {ANSSI}, title = {{État de la menace rançongiciel}}, date = {2020-01-29}, institution = {ANSSI}, url = {https://www.cert.ssi.gouv.fr/uploads/CERTFR-2020-CTI-001.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } État de la menace rançongiciel
Clop Dharma FriedEx Gandcrab LockerGoga Maze MegaCortex REvil RobinHood Ryuk SamSam
2019-12-23Bleeping ComputerLawrence Abrams
@online{abrams:20191223:fbi:7c11cf8, author = {Lawrence Abrams}, title = {{FBI Issues Alert For LockerGoga and MegaCortex Ransomware}}, date = {2019-12-23}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/fbi-issues-alert-for-lockergoga-and-megacortex-ransomware/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } FBI Issues Alert For LockerGoga and MegaCortex Ransomware
LockerGoga MegaCortex
2019-05-19nrkHenrik Lied, Peter Svaar, Dennis Ravndal, Anders Brekke, Kristine Hirsti
@online{lied:20190519:skreddersydd:e16c8d8, author = {Henrik Lied and Peter Svaar and Dennis Ravndal and Anders Brekke and Kristine Hirsti}, title = {{Skreddersydd dobbeltangrep mot Hydro}}, date = {2019-05-19}, organization = {nrk}, url = {https://www.nrk.no/norge/skreddersydd-dobbeltangrep-mot-hydro-1.14480202}, language = {Norwegian}, urldate = {2019-11-21} } Skreddersydd dobbeltangrep mot Hydro
LockerGoga
2019-05-09GovCERT.chGovCERT.ch
@online{govcertch:20190509:severe:2767782, author = {GovCERT.ch}, title = {{Severe Ransomware Attacks Against Swiss SMEs}}, date = {2019-05-09}, organization = {GovCERT.ch}, url = {https://www.govcert.admin.ch/blog/36/severe-ransomware-attacks-against-swiss-smes}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-07-11} } Severe Ransomware Attacks Against Swiss SMEs
Emotet LockerGoga Ryuk TrickBot
2019-05-04Abuse.ioAbuse.io
@online{abuseio:20190504:abuseio:d5062ca, author = {Abuse.io}, title = {{Abuse.io Report - Lockergoga}}, date = {2019-05-04}, organization = {Abuse.io}, url = {https://www.abuse.io/lockergoga.txt}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Abuse.io Report - Lockergoga
LockerGoga
2019-04-16Youtube (Norsk Hydro)Norsk Hydro
@online{hydro:20190416:cyber:ada48a4, author = {Norsk Hydro}, title = {{The cyber attack rescue operation in Hydro Toulouse}}, date = {2019-04-16}, organization = {Youtube (Norsk Hydro)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o6eEN0mUakM}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } The cyber attack rescue operation in Hydro Toulouse
LockerGoga
2019-04-05FireEyeBrendan McKeague, Van Ta, Ben Fedore, Geoff Ackerman, Alex Pennino, Andrew Thompson, Douglas Bienstock
@online{mckeague:20190405:picksix:d101a59, author = {Brendan McKeague and Van Ta and Ben Fedore and Geoff Ackerman and Alex Pennino and Andrew Thompson and Douglas Bienstock}, title = {{Pick-Six: Intercepting a FIN6 Intrusion, an Actor Recently Tied to Ryuk and LockerGoga Ransomware}}, date = {2019-04-05}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2019/04/pick-six-intercepting-a-fin6-intrusion.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Pick-Six: Intercepting a FIN6 Intrusion, an Actor Recently Tied to Ryuk and LockerGoga Ransomware
LockerGoga Ryuk FIN6
2019-04-02HelpNetSecurityZeljka Zorz
@online{zorz:20190402:lockergoga:7fe224d, author = {Zeljka Zorz}, title = {{A LockerGoga primer and decrypters for Mira and Aurora ransomwares}}, date = {2019-04-02}, organization = {HelpNetSecurity}, url = {https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2019/04/02/aurora-decrypter-mira-decrypter/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-16} } A LockerGoga primer and decrypters for Mira and Aurora ransomwares
LockerGoga
2019-03-21DoublePulsarKevin Beaumont
@online{beaumont:20190321:how:ecfbbf1, author = {Kevin Beaumont}, title = {{How Lockergoga took down Hydro — ransomware used in targeted attacks aimed at big business}}, date = {2019-03-21}, organization = {DoublePulsar}, url = {https://doublepulsar.com/how-lockergoga-took-down-hydro-ransomware-used-in-targeted-attacks-aimed-at-big-business-c666551f5880}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-29} } How Lockergoga took down Hydro — ransomware used in targeted attacks aimed at big business
LockerGoga
2019-01-30Bleeping ComputerIonut Ilascu
@online{ilascu:20190130:new:5c2d8da, author = {Ionut Ilascu}, title = {{New LockerGoga Ransomware Allegedly Used in Altran Attack}}, date = {2019-01-30}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/new-lockergoga-ransomware-allegedly-used-in-altran-attack/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } New LockerGoga Ransomware Allegedly Used in Altran Attack
LockerGoga
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_lockergoga_auto (20210616 | Detects win.lockergoga.)
rule win_lockergoga_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-06-10"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.lockergoga."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.lockergoga"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20210604"
        malpedia_hash = "be09d5d71e77373c0f538068be31a2ad4c69cfbd"
        malpedia_version = "20210616"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 8d4da4 e9???????? 8d4dd4 e9???????? 8d8d20ffffff e9???????? }
            // n = 6, score = 400
            //   8d4da4               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x5c]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d4dd4               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x2c]
            //   e9????????           |                     
            //   8d8d20ffffff         | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0xe0]
            //   e9????????           |                     

        $sequence_1 = { 8945f0 56 57 50 8d45f4 64a300000000 8b5510 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   8945f0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x10], eax
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   57                   | push                edi
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   8d45f4               | lea                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   64a300000000         | mov                 dword ptr fs:[0], eax
            //   8b5510               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0x10]

        $sequence_2 = { c68520ffffff00 c78524ffffff00000000 c78528ffffff00000000 c70700000000 c7851cffffff00000000 85c9 7406 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   c68520ffffff00       | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0xe0], 0
            //   c78524ffffff00000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0xdc], 0
            //   c78528ffffff00000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0xd8], 0
            //   c70700000000         | mov                 dword ptr [edi], 0
            //   c7851cffffff00000000     | mov    dword ptr [ebp - 0xe4], 0
            //   85c9                 | test                ecx, ecx
            //   7406                 | je                  8

        $sequence_3 = { 897e04 c6460800 e8???????? 83c408 8945b8 8d4dc0 c745d000000000 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   897e04               | mov                 dword ptr [esi + 4], edi
            //   c6460800             | mov                 byte ptr [esi + 8], 0
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c408               | add                 esp, 8
            //   8945b8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x48], eax
            //   8d4dc0               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x40]
            //   c745d000000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x30], 0

        $sequence_4 = { 83f804 7524 8b4584 8a4c07ff 80f901 0f8213010000 0fb6c9 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   83f804               | cmp                 eax, 4
            //   7524                 | jne                 0x26
            //   8b4584               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x7c]
            //   8a4c07ff             | mov                 cl, byte ptr [edi + eax - 1]
            //   80f901               | cmp                 cl, 1
            //   0f8213010000         | jb                  0x119
            //   0fb6c9               | movzx               ecx, cl

        $sequence_5 = { ff750c 8b500c 8b45b0 83c0e8 03c7 50 ffd2 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   ff750c               | push                dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   8b500c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [eax + 0xc]
            //   8b45b0               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x50]
            //   83c0e8               | add                 eax, -0x18
            //   03c7                 | add                 eax, edi
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ffd2                 | call                edx

        $sequence_6 = { e8???????? 6a22 8bce e8???????? 837f1000 7409 6a20 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   6a22                 | push                0x22
            //   8bce                 | mov                 ecx, esi
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   837f1000             | cmp                 dword ptr [edi + 0x10], 0
            //   7409                 | je                  0xb
            //   6a20                 | push                0x20

        $sequence_7 = { e8???????? 894594 c7459800000000 8b4598 8945c0 8365bc00 eb09 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   894594               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x6c], eax
            //   c7459800000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x68], 0
            //   8b4598               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x68]
            //   8945c0               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x40], eax
            //   8365bc00             | and                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x44], 0
            //   eb09                 | jmp                 0xb

        $sequence_8 = { ff5020 0fb6c0 85c0 752e 8b45f4 8b400c 89857cffffff }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   ff5020               | call                dword ptr [eax + 0x20]
            //   0fb6c0               | movzx               eax, al
            //   85c0                 | test                eax, eax
            //   752e                 | jne                 0x30
            //   8b45f4               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0xc]
            //   8b400c               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [eax + 0xc]
            //   89857cffffff         | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x84], eax

        $sequence_9 = { c1e81f 03c2 7458 2b4db0 b893244992 f7e9 03d1 }
            // n = 7, score = 400
            //   c1e81f               | shr                 eax, 0x1f
            //   03c2                 | add                 eax, edx
            //   7458                 | je                  0x5a
            //   2b4db0               | sub                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x50]
            //   b893244992           | mov                 eax, 0x92492493
            //   f7e9                 | imul                ecx
            //   03d1                 | add                 edx, ecx

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 2588672
}
[TLP:WHITE] win_lockergoga_w0   (20190320 | Detects LockerGoga ransomware binaries)
rule win_lockergoga_w0 {   
    meta:   
        author = "Florian Roth"   
        description = "Detects LockerGoga ransomware binaries"   
        reference = "https://www.nrk.no/norge/skreddersydd-dobbeltangrep-mot-hydro-1.14480202"   
        license = "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/"   
        date = "2019-03-19"   
        hash = "c97d9bbc80b573bdeeda3812f4d00e5183493dd0d5805e2508728f65977dda15"   
        hash = "7bcd69b3085126f7e97406889f78ab74e87230c11812b79406d723a80c08dd26"   
        hash = "bdf36127817413f625d2625d3133760af724d6ad2410bea7297ddc116abc268f"   
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.lockergoga"
        malpedia_version = "20190320"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-NC-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"
    strings:   
        $x1 = "\\.(doc|dot|wbk|docx|dotx|docb|xlm|xlsx|xltx|xlsb|xlw|ppt|pot|pps|pptx|potx|ppsx|sldx|pdf)" wide   
        $x2 = "|[A-Za-z]:\\cl.log" wide   
        $x4 = "\\crypto-locker\\" ascii   
        $xc1 = { 00 43 00 6F 00 6D 00 70 00 61 00 6E 00 79 00 4E   
          00 61 00 6D 00 65 00 00 00 00 00 4D 00 6C 00 63   
          00 72 00 6F 00 73 00 6F 00 66 00 74 }   
        $xc2 = { 00 2E 00 6C 00 6F 00 63 00 6B 00 65 00 64 00 00   
          00 20 46 41 49 4C 45 44 20 00 00 00 00 20 00 00   
          00 20 75 6E 6B 6E 6F 77 6E 20 65 78 63 65 70 74   
          69 6F 6E }   
        $rn1 = "This may lead to the impossibility of recovery of the certain files." wide   
    condition:   
        1 of ($x*) or $rn1
}
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