SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS
win.zebrocy (Back to overview)

Zebrocy

aka: Zekapab

Actor(s): Sofacy


There is no description at this point.

References
2021-07-27BlackberryBlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team
@techreport{team:20210727:old:3060d53, author = {BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team}, title = {{Old Dogs New Tricks: Attackers Adopt Exotic Programming Languages}}, date = {2021-07-27}, institution = {Blackberry}, url = {https://www.blackberry.com/content/dam/blackberry-com/asset/enterprise/pdf/direct/report-old-dogs-new-tricks.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-07-27} } Old Dogs New Tricks: Attackers Adopt Exotic Programming Languages
elf.wellmess ElectroRAT BazarNimrod Buer Cobalt Strike Remcos Snake TeleBot WellMess Zebrocy
2021-05-20Github (microsoft)Microsoft
@online{microsoft:20210520:microsoft:41112d3, author = {Microsoft}, title = {{Microsoft 365 Defender Hunting Queries for hunting multiple threat actors' TTPs and malwares}}, date = {2021-05-20}, organization = {Github (microsoft)}, url = {https://github.com/microsoft/Microsoft-365-Defender-Hunting-Queries}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-25} } Microsoft 365 Defender Hunting Queries for hunting multiple threat actors' TTPs and malwares
STRRAT OceanLotus BabyShark Elise Revenge RAT WastedLocker Zebrocy
2021-02-25IntezerIntezer
@techreport{intezer:20210225:year:eb47cd1, author = {Intezer}, title = {{Year of the Gopher A 2020 Go Malware Round-Up}}, date = {2021-02-25}, institution = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Intezer-2020-Go-Malware-Round-Up.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-06-30} } Year of the Gopher A 2020 Go Malware Round-Up
NiuB WellMail elf.wellmess ArdaMax AsyncRAT CyberGate DarkComet Glupteba Nanocore RAT Nefilim NjRAT Quasar RAT WellMess Zebrocy
2020-12-09IntezerJoakim Kennedy
@online{kennedy:20201209:zebra:1c73168, author = {Joakim Kennedy}, title = {{A Zebra in Gopher's Clothing: Russian APT Uses COVID-19 Lures to Deliver Zebrocy}}, date = {2020-12-09}, organization = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/blog/research/russian-apt-uses-covid-19-lures-to-deliver-zebrocy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-10} } A Zebra in Gopher's Clothing: Russian APT Uses COVID-19 Lures to Deliver Zebrocy
Zebrocy
2020-10-29US-CERTUS-CERT
@online{uscert:20201029:malware:8122496, author = {US-CERT}, title = {{Malware Analysis Report (AR20-303B): ZEBROCY Backdoor}}, date = {2020-10-29}, organization = {US-CERT}, url = {https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ncas/analysis-reports/ar20-303b}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-11-02} } Malware Analysis Report (AR20-303B): ZEBROCY Backdoor
Zebrocy
2020-10-23360360 Threat Intelligence Center
@online{center:20201023:apt28:099c6cd, author = {360 Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT28携小众压缩包诱饵对北约、中亚目标的定向攻击分析}}, date = {2020-10-23}, organization = {360}, url = {https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/6R7bFs9lH1I3BNdkatCC9g}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2020-10-26} } APT28携小众压缩包诱饵对北约、中亚目标的定向攻击分析
Zebrocy
2020-09-22Bleeping ComputerAx Sharma
@online{sharma:20200922:russian:c3158b2, author = {Ax Sharma}, title = {{Russian hackers use fake NATO training docs to breach govt networks}}, date = {2020-09-22}, organization = {Bleeping Computer}, url = {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/russian-hackers-use-fake-nato-training-docs-to-breach-govt-networks/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-24} } Russian hackers use fake NATO training docs to breach govt networks
Zebrocy Sofacy
2020-09-22QuoScientQuoIntelligence
@online{quointelligence:20200922:apt28:9bfda0c, author = {QuoIntelligence}, title = {{APT28 Delivers Zebrocy Malware Campaign using NATO Theme as Lure}}, date = {2020-09-22}, organization = {QuoScient}, url = {https://quointelligence.eu/2020/09/apt28-zebrocy-malware-campaign-nato-theme/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } APT28 Delivers Zebrocy Malware Campaign using NATO Theme as Lure
Zebrocy Sofacy
2020-07-01360360 Threat Intelligence Center
@online{center:20200701::fc5fdee, author = {360 Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{游走在东欧和中亚的奇幻熊}}, date = {2020-07-01}, organization = {360}, url = {https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/pE_6VRDk-2aTI996sff0og}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2020-10-26} } 游走在东欧和中亚的奇幻熊
Zebrocy
2020-02-13QianxinQi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center
@techreport{center:20200213:report:146d333, author = {Qi Anxin Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{APT Report 2019}}, date = {2020-02-13}, institution = {Qianxin}, url = {https://ti.qianxin.com/uploads/2020/02/13/cb78386a082f465f259b37dae5df4884.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-27} } APT Report 2019
Chrysaor Exodus Dacls elf.vpnfilter DNSRat Griffon KopiLuwak More_eggs SQLRat AppleJeus BONDUPDATER Agent.BTZ Anchor AndroMut AppleJeus BOOSTWRITE Brambul Carbanak Cobalt Strike Dacls DistTrack DNSpionage Dtrack ELECTRICFISH FlawedAmmyy FlawedGrace Get2 Grateful POS HOPLIGHT Imminent Monitor RAT jason Joanap KerrDown KEYMARBLE Lambert LightNeuron LoJax MiniDuke PolyglotDuke PowerRatankba Rising Sun SDBbot ServHelper Snatch Stuxnet TinyMet tRat TrickBot Volgmer X-Agent Zebrocy
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:iron:48c68a0, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{IRON TWILIGHT}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/iron-twilight}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } IRON TWILIGHT
X-Agent X-Agent X-Agent Computrace HideDRV Sedreco Seduploader X-Agent XTunnel Zebrocy Zebrocy (AutoIT)
2019-10-24MeltX0R SecurityMeltX0R
@online{meltx0r:20191024:10242019:6438b53, author = {MeltX0R}, title = {{10/24/2019 - APT28: Targeted attacks against mining corporations in Kazakhstan}}, date = {2019-10-24}, organization = {MeltX0R Security}, url = {https://meltx0r.github.io/tech/2019/10/24/apt28.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } 10/24/2019 - APT28: Targeted attacks against mining corporations in Kazakhstan
Zebrocy
2019-09-24ESET ResearchESET Research
@online{research:20190924:no:a84b64a, author = {ESET Research}, title = {{No summer vacations for Zebrocy}}, date = {2019-09-24}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2019/09/24/no-summer-vacations-zebrocy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } No summer vacations for Zebrocy
Zebrocy
2019-08-01Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20190801:trends:5e25d5b, author = {GReAT}, title = {{APT trends report Q2 2019}}, date = {2019-08-01}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/apt-trends-report-q2-2019/91897/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-13} } APT trends report Q2 2019
ZooPark magecart POWERSTATS Chaperone COMpfun EternalPetya FinFisher RAT HawkEye Keylogger HOPLIGHT Microcin NjRAT Olympic Destroyer PLEAD RokRAT Triton Zebrocy Microcin
2019-06-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20190603:zebrocys:25be7a9, author = {GReAT}, title = {{Zebrocy’s Multilanguage Malware Salad}}, date = {2019-06-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/zebrocys-multilanguage-malware-salad/90680/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Zebrocy’s Multilanguage Malware Salad
Zebrocy
2019-05-22ESET ResearchESET Research
@online{research:20190522:journey:0627ad7, author = {ESET Research}, title = {{A journey to Zebrocy land}}, date = {2019-05-22}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2019/05/22/journey-zebrocy-land/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } A journey to Zebrocy land
Zebrocy
2019-05-20Check PointBen Herzog
@online{herzog:20190520:malware:dac1524, author = {Ben Herzog}, title = {{Malware Against the C Monoculture}}, date = {2019-05-20}, organization = {Check Point}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/malware-against-the-c-monoculture/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-14} } Malware Against the C Monoculture
AdWind jRAT GhostMiner Zebrocy
2019-04-01Macnica NetworksMacnica Networks
@techreport{networks:20190401:trends:cf738dc, author = {Macnica Networks}, title = {{Trends in Cyber ​​Espionage Targeting Japan 2nd Half of 2018}}, date = {2019-04-01}, institution = {Macnica Networks}, url = {https://www.macnica.net/file/mpressioncss_ta_report_2019.pdf}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2021-03-02} } Trends in Cyber ​​Espionage Targeting Japan 2nd Half of 2018
Anel Cobalt Strike Datper PLEAD Quasar RAT RedLeaves taidoor Zebrocy
2019-01-24Kaspersky LabsKaspersky Lab ICS CERT
@online{cert:20190124:greyenergys:523e803, author = {Kaspersky Lab ICS CERT}, title = {{GreyEnergy’s overlap with Zebrocy}}, date = {2019-01-24}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/greyenergys-overlap-with-zebrocy/89506/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } GreyEnergy’s overlap with Zebrocy
GreyEnergy Zebrocy
2019-01-11Kaspersky LabsGReAT
@online{great:20190111:zebrocy:671fed1, author = {GReAT}, title = {{A Zebrocy Go Downloader}}, date = {2019-01-11}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/a-zebrocy-go-downloader/89419/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } A Zebrocy Go Downloader
Zebrocy
2018-12-21Vitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20181221:lets:46e594a, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: In-Depth on APT28/Sofacy Zebrocy Golang Loader}}, date = {2018-12-21}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2018/12/lets-learn-dissecting-apt28sofacy.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-24} } Let's Learn: In-Depth on APT28/Sofacy Zebrocy Golang Loader
Zebrocy
2018-12-18paloalto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone
@online{falcone:20181218:sofacy:3573b82, author = {Robert Falcone}, title = {{Sofacy Creates New ‘Go’ Variant of Zebrocy Tool}}, date = {2018-12-18}, organization = {paloalto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/sofacy-creates-new-go-variant-of-zebrocy-tool/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Sofacy Creates New ‘Go’ Variant of Zebrocy Tool
Zebrocy
2018-12-10Vitali Kremez BlogVitali Kremez
@online{kremez:20181210:lets:f947fb1, author = {Vitali Kremez}, title = {{Let's Learn: Reviewing Sofacy's "Zebrocy" C++ Loader: Advanced Insight}}, date = {2018-12-10}, organization = {Vitali Kremez Blog}, url = {https://www.vkremez.com/2018/12/lets-learn-reviewing-sofacys-zebrocy-c.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Let's Learn: Reviewing Sofacy's "Zebrocy" C++ Loader: Advanced Insight
Zebrocy
2018-11-29AccentureMichael Yip
@online{yip:20181129:snakemackerel:aa02eba, author = {Michael Yip}, title = {{Snakemackerel delivers Zekapab malware}}, date = {2018-11-29}, organization = {Accenture}, url = {https://www.accenture.com/us-en/blogs/blogs-snakemackerel-delivers-zekapab-malware}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-10} } Snakemackerel delivers Zekapab malware
Zebrocy Sofacy
2018-11-20ESET ResearchESET Research
@online{research:20181120:sednit:caedbdb, author = {ESET Research}, title = {{Sednit: What’s going on with Zebrocy?}}, date = {2018-11-20}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/11/20/sednit-whats-going-zebrocy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } Sednit: What’s going on with Zebrocy?
Zebrocy
2018-10-04SymantecCritical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team
@online{team:20181004:apt28:97a1356, author = {Critical Attack Discovery and Intelligence Team}, title = {{APT28: New Espionage Operations Target Military and Government Organizations}}, date = {2018-10-04}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-blogs.broadcom.com/blogs/election-security/apt28-espionage-military-government}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } APT28: New Espionage Operations Target Military and Government Organizations
LoJax Seduploader X-Agent XTunnel Zebrocy Sofacy
2018-06-06Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Bryan Lee, Robert Falcone
@online{lee:20180606:sofacy:6d3e723, author = {Bryan Lee and Robert Falcone}, title = {{Sofacy Group’s Parallel Attacks}}, date = {2018-06-06}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/06/unit42-sofacy-groups-parallel-attacks/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Sofacy Group’s Parallel Attacks
Koadic Zebrocy
2018-04-24ESET ResearchESET Research
@online{research:20180424:sednit:ab398cd, author = {ESET Research}, title = {{Sednit update: Analysis of Zebrocy}}, date = {2018-04-24}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/04/24/sednit-update-analysis-zebrocy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-14} } Sednit update: Analysis of Zebrocy
Zebrocy Zebrocy (AutoIT)
Yara Rules
[TLP:WHITE] win_zebrocy_auto (20210616 | Detects win.zebrocy.)
rule win_zebrocy_auto {

    meta:
        author = "Felix Bilstein - yara-signator at cocacoding dot com"
        date = "2021-06-10"
        version = "1"
        description = "Detects win.zebrocy."
        info = "autogenerated rule brought to you by yara-signator"
        tool = "yara-signator v0.6.0"
        signator_config = "callsandjumps;datarefs;binvalue"
        malpedia_reference = "https://malpedia.caad.fkie.fraunhofer.de/details/win.zebrocy"
        malpedia_rule_date = "20210604"
        malpedia_hash = "be09d5d71e77373c0f538068be31a2ad4c69cfbd"
        malpedia_version = "20210616"
        malpedia_license = "CC BY-SA 4.0"
        malpedia_sharing = "TLP:WHITE"

    /* DISCLAIMER
     * The strings used in this rule have been automatically selected from the
     * disassembly of memory dumps and unpacked files, using YARA-Signator.
     * The code and documentation is published here:
     * https://github.com/fxb-cocacoding/yara-signator
     * As Malpedia is used as data source, please note that for a given
     * number of families, only single samples are documented.
     * This likely impacts the degree of generalization these rules will offer.
     * Take the described generation method also into consideration when you
     * apply the rules in your use cases and assign them confidence levels.
     */


    strings:
        $sequence_0 = { 014158 11515c e8???????? dc6360 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   014158               | add                 dword ptr [ecx + 0x58], eax
            //   11515c               | adc                 dword ptr [ecx + 0x5c], edx
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   dc6360               | fsub                qword ptr [ebx + 0x60]

        $sequence_1 = { 0103 8b0e ba???????? e8???????? }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0103                 | add                 dword ptr [ebx], eax
            //   8b0e                 | mov                 ecx, dword ptr [esi]
            //   ba????????           |                     
            //   e8????????           |                     

        $sequence_2 = { 0103 83c41c 5b 5e }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0103                 | add                 dword ptr [ebx], eax
            //   83c41c               | add                 esp, 0x1c
            //   5b                   | pop                 ebx
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi

        $sequence_3 = { 0110 8b7dd4 ba???????? 89470c }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0110                 | add                 dword ptr [eax], edx
            //   8b7dd4               | mov                 edi, dword ptr [ebp - 0x2c]
            //   ba????????           |                     
            //   89470c               | mov                 dword ptr [edi + 0xc], eax

        $sequence_4 = { 8b56b0 8b4204 c74430b074434200 56 c706???????? }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   8b56b0               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [esi - 0x50]
            //   8b4204               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [edx + 4]
            //   c74430b074434200     | mov                 dword ptr [eax + esi - 0x50], 0x424374
            //   56                   | push                esi
            //   c706????????         |                     

        $sequence_5 = { 68???????? 8d4dd4 897de8 c745e400000000 c645d400 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   68????????           |                     
            //   8d4dd4               | lea                 ecx, dword ptr [ebp - 0x2c]
            //   897de8               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x18], edi
            //   c745e400000000       | mov                 dword ptr [ebp - 0x1c], 0
            //   c645d400             | mov                 byte ptr [ebp - 0x2c], 0

        $sequence_6 = { a1???????? c705????????80384100 8935???????? a3???????? ff15???????? a3???????? 83f8ff }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   a1????????           |                     
            //   c705????????80384100     |     
            //   8935????????         |                     
            //   a3????????           |                     
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   a3????????           |                     
            //   83f8ff               | cmp                 eax, -1

        $sequence_7 = { e8???????? 83c41c 8d542478 52 ff15???????? 50 ff15???????? }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c41c               | add                 esp, 0x1c
            //   8d542478             | lea                 edx, dword ptr [esp + 0x78]
            //   52                   | push                edx
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   ff15????????         |                     

        $sequence_8 = { 0102 8b45d4 89500c 89c1 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0102                 | add                 dword ptr [edx], eax
            //   8b45d4               | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebp - 0x2c]
            //   89500c               | mov                 dword ptr [eax + 0xc], edx
            //   89c1                 | mov                 ecx, eax

        $sequence_9 = { 014150 8b550c 115154 014158 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   014150               | add                 dword ptr [ecx + 0x50], eax
            //   8b550c               | mov                 edx, dword ptr [ebp + 0xc]
            //   115154               | adc                 dword ptr [ecx + 0x54], edx
            //   014158               | add                 dword ptr [ecx + 0x58], eax

        $sequence_10 = { c1fb05 83e61f 8d1c9dc0a84200 894508 8b03 c1e606 }
            // n = 6, score = 100
            //   c1fb05               | sar                 ebx, 5
            //   83e61f               | and                 esi, 0x1f
            //   8d1c9dc0a84200       | lea                 ebx, dword ptr [ebx*4 + 0x42a8c0]
            //   894508               | mov                 dword ptr [ebp + 8], eax
            //   8b03                 | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebx]
            //   c1e606               | shl                 esi, 6

        $sequence_11 = { 0103 31d2 85ff 8b03 }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0103                 | add                 dword ptr [ebx], eax
            //   31d2                 | xor                 edx, edx
            //   85ff                 | test                edi, edi
            //   8b03                 | mov                 eax, dword ptr [ebx]

        $sequence_12 = { ff15???????? 6685c0 0f84bf000000 8dbc2488000000 8935???????? e8???????? 83ec1c }
            // n = 7, score = 100
            //   ff15????????         |                     
            //   6685c0               | test                ax, ax
            //   0f84bf000000         | je                  0xc5
            //   8dbc2488000000       | lea                 edi, dword ptr [esp + 0x88]
            //   8935????????         |                     
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83ec1c               | sub                 esp, 0x1c

        $sequence_13 = { bf???????? 833cf5b486420001 751d 8d04f5b0864200 8938 }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   bf????????           |                     
            //   833cf5b486420001     | cmp                 dword ptr [esi*8 + 0x4286b4], 1
            //   751d                 | jne                 0x1f
            //   8d04f5b0864200       | lea                 eax, dword ptr [esi*8 + 0x4286b0]
            //   8938                 | mov                 dword ptr [eax], edi

        $sequence_14 = { 0110 5e 5f 5d }
            // n = 4, score = 100
            //   0110                 | add                 dword ptr [eax], edx
            //   5e                   | pop                 esi
            //   5f                   | pop                 edi
            //   5d                   | pop                 ebp

        $sequence_15 = { 50 e8???????? 83c404 83c702 3bfb }
            // n = 5, score = 100
            //   50                   | push                eax
            //   e8????????           |                     
            //   83c404               | add                 esp, 4
            //   83c702               | add                 edi, 2
            //   3bfb                 | cmp                 edi, ebx

    condition:
        7 of them and filesize < 393216
}
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