SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

Red Menshen  (Back to overview)

aka: Red Dev 18

Since 2021, Red Menshen, a China based threat actor, which has been observed targeting telecommunications providers across the Middle East and Asia, as well as entities in the government, education, and logistics sectors using a custom backdoor referred as BPFDoor. This threat actor uses a variety of tools in its post-exploitation phase. This includes custom variants of the shared tool Mangzamel (including Golang variants), custom variants of Gh0st, and open source tools like Mimikatz and Metasploit to aid in its lateral movement across Windows systems. Also, They have been seen sending commands to BPFDoor victims via Virtual Privat Servers (VPSs) hosted at a well-known provider, and that these VPSs, in turn, are administered via compromised routers based in Taiwan, which the threat actor uses as VPN tunnels. Most Red Menshen activity that has been observed took place between Monday to Friday (with none observed on the weekends), with most communication taking place between 01:00 and 10:00 UTC.131 This pattern suggests a consistent 8 to 9-hour activity window for the threat actor, with realistic probability of it aligning to local working hours.


Associated Families
elf.bpfdoor win.ghost_rat win.mangzamel

References
2022-09-15SymantecThreat Hunter Team
@online{team:20220915:webworm:500c850, author = {Threat Hunter Team}, title = {{Webworm: Espionage Attackers Testing and Using Older Modified RATs}}, date = {2022-09-15}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://symantec-enterprise-blogs.security.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/webworm-espionage-rats}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-20} } Webworm: Espionage Attackers Testing and Using Older Modified RATs
9002 RAT Ghost RAT Trochilus RAT
2022-08-01QualysHarshal Tupsamudre
@online{tupsamudre:20220801:heres:5d6e628, author = {Harshal Tupsamudre}, title = {{Here’s a Simple Script to Detect the Stealthy Nation-State BPFDoor}}, date = {2022-08-01}, organization = {Qualys}, url = {https://blog.qualys.com/vulnerabilities-threat-research/2022/08/01/heres-a-simple-script-to-detect-the-stealthy-nation-state-bpfdoor}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-02} } Here’s a Simple Script to Detect the Stealthy Nation-State BPFDoor
BPFDoor
2022-07-18Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Unit 42
@online{42:20220718:iron:f7586c5, author = {Unit 42}, title = {{Iron Taurus}}, date = {2022-07-18}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/atoms/iron-taurus/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-29} } Iron Taurus
CHINACHOPPER Ghost RAT Wonknu ZXShell APT27
2022-05-25CrowdStrikeJamie Harris
@online{harris:20220525:hunting:48d53ea, author = {Jamie Harris}, title = {{Hunting a Global Telecommunications Threat: DecisiveArchitect and Its Custom Implant JustForFun}}, date = {2022-05-25}, organization = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/how-to-hunt-for-decisivearchitect-and-justforfun-implant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-29} } Hunting a Global Telecommunications Threat: DecisiveArchitect and Its Custom Implant JustForFun
BPFDoor
2022-05-23Trend MicroDaniel Lunghi, Jaromír Hořejší
@techreport{lunghi:20220523:operation:e3c402b, author = {Daniel Lunghi and Jaromír Hořejší}, title = {{Operation Earth Berberoka}}, date = {2022-05-23}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://documents.trendmicro.com/assets/white_papers/wp-operation-earth-berberoka.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-25} } Operation Earth Berberoka
reptile oRAT Ghost RAT PlugX pupy Earth Berberoka
2022-05-17ElasticColson Wilhoit, Alex Bell, Rhys Rustad-Elliott, Jake King
@online{wilhoit:20220517:peek:fea1eeb, author = {Colson Wilhoit and Alex Bell and Rhys Rustad-Elliott and Jake King}, title = {{A peek behind the BPFDoor}}, date = {2022-05-17}, organization = {Elastic}, url = {https://elastic.github.io/security-research/intelligence/2022/05/04.bpfdoor/article/#}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-25} } A peek behind the BPFDoor
BPFDoor
2022-05-11ExaTrackTristan Pourcelot
@techreport{pourcelot:20220511:tricephalic:d8d6265, author = {Tristan Pourcelot}, title = {{Tricephalic Hellkeeper: a tale of a passive backdoor}}, date = {2022-05-11}, institution = {ExaTrack}, url = {https://exatrack.com/public/Tricephalic_Hellkeeper.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-25} } Tricephalic Hellkeeper: a tale of a passive backdoor
BPFDoor Bvp47 Uroburos
2022-05-11Sandfly SecurityThe Sandfly Security Team
@online{team:20220511:bpfdoor:306b873, author = {The Sandfly Security Team}, title = {{BPFDoor - An Evasive Linux Backdoor Technical Analysis}}, date = {2022-05-11}, organization = {Sandfly Security}, url = {https://www.sandflysecurity.com/blog/bpfdoor-an-evasive-linux-backdoor-technical-analysis/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-11} } BPFDoor - An Evasive Linux Backdoor Technical Analysis
BPFDoor
2022-05-08Twitter (@CraigHRowland)Craig Rowland
@online{rowland:20220508:twitter:bf58ca0, author = {Craig Rowland}, title = {{Twitter Thread with description of functionality for BPFDoor}}, date = {2022-05-08}, organization = {Twitter (@CraigHRowland)}, url = {https://twitter.com/CraigHRowland/status/1523266585133457408}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-06-09} } Twitter Thread with description of functionality for BPFDoor
BPFDoor
2022-05-08Twitter (@cyb3rops)Florian Roth
@online{roth:20220508:source:86add3e, author = {Florian Roth}, title = {{Tweet on source code for BPFDoor found on VT}}, date = {2022-05-08}, organization = {Twitter (@cyb3rops)}, url = {https://twitter.com/cyb3rops/status/1523227511551033349}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-09} } Tweet on source code for BPFDoor found on VT
BPFDoor
2022-05-07DoublePulsarKevin Beaumont
@online{beaumont:20220507:bpfdoor:9d41f91, author = {Kevin Beaumont}, title = {{BPFDoor — an active Chinese global surveillance tool}}, date = {2022-05-07}, organization = {DoublePulsar}, url = {https://doublepulsar.com/bpfdoor-an-active-chinese-global-surveillance-tool-54b078f1a896}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-09} } BPFDoor — an active Chinese global surveillance tool
BPFDoor
2022-05-05Troopers ConferenceBen Jackson, Will Bonner
@online{jackson:20220505:tinker:2cde4e9, author = {Ben Jackson and Will Bonner}, title = {{Tinker Telco Soldier Spy (to be given 2022-06-27)}}, date = {2022-05-05}, organization = {Troopers Conference}, url = {https://troopers.de/troopers22/talks/7cv8pz/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-06} } Tinker Telco Soldier Spy (to be given 2022-06-27)
BPFDoor GALLIUM
2022-04-28PWCPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20220428:cyber:46707aa, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2021: A Year in Retrospect}}, date = {2022-04-28}, institution = {PWC}, url = {https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/issues/cybersecurity/cyber-threat-intelligence/cyber-year-in-retrospect/yir-cyber-threats-report-download.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-29} } Cyber Threats 2021: A Year in Retrospect
APT15 APT31 APT41 APT9 BlackTech BRONZE EDGEWOOD DAGGER PANDA Earth Lusca HAFNIUM HAZY TIGER Inception Framework LOTUS PANDA QUILTED TIGER RedAlpha Red Dev 17 Red Menshen Red Nue VICEROY TIGER
2022-04-28PWCPWC UK
@techreport{uk:20220428:cyber:c43873f, author = {PWC UK}, title = {{Cyber Threats 2021: A Year in Retrospect (Annex)}}, date = {2022-04-28}, institution = {PWC}, url = {https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/issues/cybersecurity/cyber-threat-intelligence/cyber-year-in-retrospect/yir-cyber-threats-annex-download.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-29} } Cyber Threats 2021: A Year in Retrospect (Annex)
Cobalt Strike Conti PlugX RokRAT Inception Framework Red Menshen
2022-04-27Trend MicroDaniel Lunghi, Jaromír Hořejší
@online{lunghi:20220427:new:9068f6e, author = {Daniel Lunghi and Jaromír Hořejší}, title = {{New APT Group Earth Berberoka Targets Gambling Websites With Old and New Malware}}, date = {2022-04-27}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/22/d/new-apt-group-earth-berberoka-targets-gambling-websites-with-old.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-04} } New APT Group Earth Berberoka Targets Gambling Websites With Old and New Malware
AsyncRAT Ghost RAT PlugX Quasar RAT Earth Berberoka
2022-04-27TrendmicroDaniel Lunghi, Jaromír Hořejší
@techreport{lunghi:20220427:operation:bdba881, author = {Daniel Lunghi and Jaromír Hořejší}, title = {{Operation Gambling Puppet}}, date = {2022-04-27}, institution = {Trendmicro}, url = {https://www.botconf.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Botconf2022-40-LunghiHorejsi.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-25} } Operation Gambling Puppet
reptile oRAT AsyncRAT Cobalt Strike DCRat Ghost RAT PlugX Quasar RAT Trochilus RAT Earth Berberoka
2022-04-01The Hacker NewsRavie Lakshmanan
@online{lakshmanan:20220401:chinese:0b445c6, author = {Ravie Lakshmanan}, title = {{Chinese Hackers Target VMware Horizon Servers with Log4Shell to Deploy Rootkit}}, date = {2022-04-01}, organization = {The Hacker News}, url = {https://thehackernews.com/2022/04/chinese-hackers-target-vmware-horizon.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-04} } Chinese Hackers Target VMware Horizon Servers with Log4Shell to Deploy Rootkit
Fire Chili Ghost RAT
2022-03-30FortinetRotem Sde-Or, Eliran Voronovitch
@online{sdeor:20220330:new:8eeff0d, author = {Rotem Sde-Or and Eliran Voronovitch}, title = {{New Milestones for Deep Panda: Log4Shell and Digitally Signed Fire Chili Rootkits}}, date = {2022-03-30}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {https://www.fortinet.com/blog/threat-research/deep-panda-log4shell-fire-chili-rootkits}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-31} } New Milestones for Deep Panda: Log4Shell and Digitally Signed Fire Chili Rootkits
Fire Chili Ghost RAT
2022-03-16AhnLabASEC Analysis Team
@online{team:20220316:gh0stcringe:65e2d3e, author = {ASEC Analysis Team}, title = {{Gh0stCringe RAT Being Distributed to Vulnerable Database Servers}}, date = {2022-03-16}, organization = {AhnLab}, url = {https://asec.ahnlab.com/en/32572/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-04-14} } Gh0stCringe RAT Being Distributed to Vulnerable Database Servers
Ghost RAT Kingminer
2022-02-11Cisco TalosTalos
@online{talos:20220211:threat:fcad762, author = {Talos}, title = {{Threat Roundup for February 4 to February 11}}, date = {2022-02-11}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2022/02/threat-roundup-0204-0211.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-02-14} } Threat Roundup for February 4 to February 11
DarkComet Ghost RAT Loki Password Stealer (PWS) Tinba Tofsee Zeus
2021-12-14Trend MicroNick Dai, Ted Lee, Vickie Su
@online{dai:20211214:collecting:3d6dd34, author = {Nick Dai and Ted Lee and Vickie Su}, title = {{Collecting In the Dark: Tropic Trooper Targets Transportation and Government}}, date = {2021-12-14}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/21/l/collecting-in-the-dark-tropic-trooper-targets-transportation-and-government-organizations.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-03-30} } Collecting In the Dark: Tropic Trooper Targets Transportation and Government
ChiserClient Ghost RAT Lilith Quasar RAT xPack
2021-10-05BlackberryThe BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team
@online{team:20211005:drawing:e53477d, author = {The BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team}, title = {{Drawing a Dragon: Connecting the Dots to Find APT41}}, date = {2021-10-05}, organization = {Blackberry}, url = {https://blogs.blackberry.com/en/2021/10/drawing-a-dragon-connecting-the-dots-to-find-apt41}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-10-11} } Drawing a Dragon: Connecting the Dots to Find APT41
Cobalt Strike Ghost RAT
2021-10-04JPCERT/CCShusei Tomonaga
@online{tomonaga:20211004:malware:5ba808a, author = {Shusei Tomonaga}, title = {{Malware Gh0stTimes Used by BlackTech}}, date = {2021-10-04}, organization = {JPCERT/CC}, url = {https://blogs.jpcert.or.jp/en/2021/10/gh0sttimes.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-10-11} } Malware Gh0stTimes Used by BlackTech
Gh0stTimes Ghost RAT
2021-05-05ZscalerAniruddha Dolas, Mohd Sadique, Manohar Ghule
@online{dolas:20210505:catching:ace83fc, author = {Aniruddha Dolas and Mohd Sadique and Manohar Ghule}, title = {{Catching RATs Over Custom Protocols Analysis of top non-HTTP/S threats}}, date = {2021-05-05}, organization = {Zscaler}, url = {https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/security-research/catching-rats-over-custom-protocols}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-08} } Catching RATs Over Custom Protocols Analysis of top non-HTTP/S threats
Agent Tesla AsyncRAT Crimson RAT CyberGate Ghost RAT Nanocore RAT NetWire RC NjRAT Quasar RAT Remcos
2021-04-28Trend MicroJaromír Hořejší, Joseph C Chen
@online{hoej:20210428:water:f769ce2, author = {Jaromír Hořejší and Joseph C Chen}, title = {{Water Pamola Attacked Online Shops Via Malicious Orders}}, date = {2021-04-28}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/21/d/water-pamola-attacked-online-shops-via-malicious-orders.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-05-04} } Water Pamola Attacked Online Shops Via Malicious Orders
Ghost RAT
2021-04-02Dr.WebDr.Web
@techreport{drweb:20210402:study:31b191e, author = {Dr.Web}, title = {{Study of targeted attacks on Russian research institutes}}, date = {2021-04-02}, institution = {Dr.Web}, url = {https://st.drweb.com/static/new-www/news/2021/april/drweb_research_attacks_on_russian_research_institutes_en.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-04-06} } Study of targeted attacks on Russian research institutes
Cotx RAT Ghost RAT TA428
2021-02-22tccontre Blogtcontre
@online{tcontre:20210222:gh0strat:9f98308, author = {tcontre}, title = {{Gh0stRat Anti-Debugging: Nested SEH (try - catch) to Decrypt and Load its Payload}}, date = {2021-02-22}, organization = {tccontre Blog}, url = {https://tccontre.blogspot.com/2021/02/gh0strat-anti-debugging-nested-seh-try.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-02-25} } Gh0stRat Anti-Debugging: Nested SEH (try - catch) to Decrypt and Load its Payload
Ghost RAT
2021-02-01ESET ResearchIgnacio Sanmillan, Matthieu Faou
@online{sanmillan:20210201:operation:9e52a78, author = {Ignacio Sanmillan and Matthieu Faou}, title = {{Operation NightScout: Supply‑chain attack targets online gaming in Asia}}, date = {2021-02-01}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2021/02/01/operation-nightscout-supply-chain-attack-online-gaming-asia/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-02-17} } Operation NightScout: Supply‑chain attack targets online gaming in Asia
Ghost RAT NoxPlayer Poison Ivy Red Dev 17
2021-01-15SwisscomMarkus Neis
@techreport{neis:20210115:cracking:b1c1684, author = {Markus Neis}, title = {{Cracking a Soft Cell is Harder Than You Think}}, date = {2021-01-15}, institution = {Swisscom}, url = {https://raw.githubusercontent.com/yt0ng/cracking_softcell/main/Cracking_SOFTCLL_TLP_WHITE.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-18} } Cracking a Soft Cell is Harder Than You Think
Ghost RAT MimiKatz PlugX Poison Ivy Trochilus RAT
2020-12-18SeqritePavankumar Chaudhari
@online{chaudhari:20201218:rat:50074a2, author = {Pavankumar Chaudhari}, title = {{RAT used by Chinese cyberspies infiltrating Indian businesses}}, date = {2020-12-18}, organization = {Seqrite}, url = {https://www.seqrite.com/blog/rat-used-by-chinese-cyberspies-infiltrating-indian-businesses/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-18} } RAT used by Chinese cyberspies infiltrating Indian businesses
Ghost RAT
2020-12-10Intel 471Intel 471
@online{471:20201210:no:9fd2ae1, author = {Intel 471}, title = {{No pandas, just people: The current state of China’s cybercrime underground}}, date = {2020-12-10}, organization = {Intel 471}, url = {https://intel471.com/blog/china-cybercrime-undergrond-deepmix-tea-horse-road-great-firewall/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-10} } No pandas, just people: The current state of China’s cybercrime underground
Anubis SpyNote AsyncRAT Cobalt Strike Ghost RAT NjRAT
2020-12-10US-CERTUS-CERT, FBI, MS-ISAC
@online{uscert:20201210:alert:a5ec77e, author = {US-CERT and FBI and MS-ISAC}, title = {{Alert (AA20-345A): Cyber Actors Target K-12 Distance Learning Education to Cause Disruptions and Steal Data}}, date = {2020-12-10}, organization = {US-CERT}, url = {https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ncas/alerts/aa20-345a}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-11} } Alert (AA20-345A): Cyber Actors Target K-12 Distance Learning Education to Cause Disruptions and Steal Data
PerlBot Shlayer Agent Tesla Cerber Dridex Ghost RAT Kovter Maze MedusaLocker Nanocore RAT Nefilim REvil Ryuk Zeus
2020-10-27Dr.WebDr.Web
@techreport{drweb:20201027:study:9f6e628, author = {Dr.Web}, title = {{Study of the ShadowPad APT backdoor and its relation to PlugX}}, date = {2020-10-27}, institution = {Dr.Web}, url = {https://st.drweb.com/static/new-www/news/2020/october/Study_of_the_ShadowPad_APT_backdoor_and_its_relation_to_PlugX_en.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-10-29} } Study of the ShadowPad APT backdoor and its relation to PlugX
Ghost RAT PlugX ShadowPad
2020-07-28NTTNTT Security
@online{security:20200728:craftypanda:7643b28, author = {NTT Security}, title = {{CraftyPanda 標的型攻撃解析レポート}}, date = {2020-07-28}, organization = {NTT}, url = {https://www.nttsecurity.com/docs/librariesprovider3/default-document-library/craftypanda-analysis-report}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2020-07-30} } CraftyPanda 標的型攻撃解析レポート
Ghost RAT PlugX
2020-07-20Risky.bizDaniel Gordon
@online{gordon:20200720:what:b88e81f, author = {Daniel Gordon}, title = {{What even is Winnti?}}, date = {2020-07-20}, organization = {Risky.biz}, url = {https://risky.biz/whatiswinnti/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-08-18} } What even is Winnti?
CCleaner Backdoor Ghost RAT PlugX ZXShell
2020-06-14BushidoTokenBushidoToken
@online{bushidotoken:20200614:deepdive:3a375ca, author = {BushidoToken}, title = {{Deep-dive: The DarkHotel APT}}, date = {2020-06-14}, organization = {BushidoToken}, url = {https://blog.bushidotoken.net/2020/06/deep-dive-darkhotel-apt.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-16} } Deep-dive: The DarkHotel APT
Asruex Ghost RAT Ramsay Retro Unidentified 076 (Higaisa LNK to Shellcode)
2020-06-05PrevailionDanny Adamitis
@online{adamitis:20200605:gh0st:849c227, author = {Danny Adamitis}, title = {{The Gh0st Remains the Same}}, date = {2020-06-05}, organization = {Prevailion}, url = {https://www.prevailion.com/the-gh0st-remains-the-same-2/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-20} } The Gh0st Remains the Same
Ghost RAT
2020-06-04PTSecurityPT ESC Threat Intelligence
@online{intelligence:20200604:covid19:45fa7ba, author = {PT ESC Threat Intelligence}, title = {{COVID-19 and New Year greetings: an investigation into the tools and methods used by the Higaisa group}}, date = {2020-06-04}, organization = {PTSecurity}, url = {https://www.ptsecurity.com/ww-en/analytics/pt-esc-threat-intelligence/covid-19-and-new-year-greetings-the-higaisa-group/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-05} } COVID-19 and New Year greetings: an investigation into the tools and methods used by the Higaisa group
Ghost RAT
2020-05-20Medium Asuna AmawakaAsuna Amawaka
@online{amawaka:20200520:what:e02d9a4, author = {Asuna Amawaka}, title = {{What happened between the BigBadWolf and the Tiger?}}, date = {2020-05-20}, organization = {Medium Asuna Amawaka}, url = {https://medium.com/insomniacs/what-happened-between-the-bigbadwolf-and-the-tiger-925549a105b2}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-02-18} } What happened between the BigBadWolf and the Tiger?
Ghost RAT
2020-05-14Avast DecodedLuigino Camastra
@online{camastra:20200514:planted:7b94cc6, author = {Luigino Camastra}, title = {{APT Group Planted Backdoors Targeting High Profile Networks in Central Asia}}, date = {2020-05-14}, organization = {Avast Decoded}, url = {https://decoded.avast.io/luigicamastra/apt-group-planted-backdoors-targeting-high-profile-networks-in-central-asia}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-25} } APT Group Planted Backdoors Targeting High Profile Networks in Central Asia
BYEBY Ghost RAT Microcin MimiKatz Vicious Panda
2020-05-05Troopers ConferenceBen Jackson, Will Bonner
@online{jackson:20200505:tinker:34ae7ae, author = {Ben Jackson and Will Bonner}, title = {{Tinker Telco Soldier Spy}}, date = {2020-05-05}, organization = {Troopers Conference}, url = {https://troopers.de/troopers22/talks/7cv8pz}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-05-08} } Tinker Telco Soldier Spy
Red Menshen
2020-03-05SophosLabsSergei Shevchenko
@techreport{shevchenko:20200305:cloud:e83e58c, author = {Sergei Shevchenko}, title = {{Cloud Snooper Attack Bypasses AWS Security Measures}}, date = {2020-03-05}, institution = {SophosLabs}, url = {https://www.sophos.com/en-us/medialibrary/PDFs/technical-papers/sophoslabs-cloud-snooper-report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-01-28} } Cloud Snooper Attack Bypasses AWS Security Measures
Cloud Snooper Ghost RAT
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:dcdc02a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FLEETWOOD}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-fleetwood}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FLEETWOOD
Binanen Ghost RAT OrcaRAT APT5
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:41a0bc0, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE EDISON}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-edison}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE EDISON
Ghost RAT sykipot APT4 SAMURAI PANDA
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4db27ec, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE UNION}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-union}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE UNION
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER Enfal Ghost RAT HttpBrowser HyperBro owaauth PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell APT27
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:dc58892, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE GLOBE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-globe}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE GLOBE
EtumBot Ghost RAT APT12
2019-12-12MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Intelligence Center
@online{center:20191212:gallium:79f6460, author = {Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{GALLIUM: Targeting global telecom}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2019/12/12/gallium-targeting-global-telecom/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-06-15} } GALLIUM: Targeting global telecom
CHINACHOPPER Ghost RAT HTran MimiKatz Poison Ivy GALLIUM
2019-11-19FireEyeKelli Vanderlee, Nalani Fraser
@techreport{vanderlee:20191119:achievement:6be19eb, author = {Kelli Vanderlee and Nalani Fraser}, title = {{Achievement Unlocked: Chinese Cyber Espionage Evolves to Support Higher Level Missions}}, date = {2019-11-19}, institution = {FireEye}, url = {https://summit.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/summit/cds-2019/presentations/cds19-executive-s08-achievement-unlocked.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-03-02} } Achievement Unlocked: Chinese Cyber Espionage Evolves to Support Higher Level Missions
MESSAGETAP TSCookie ACEHASH CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike Derusbi Empire Downloader Ghost RAT HIGHNOON HTran MimiKatz NetWire RC poisonplug Poison Ivy pupy Quasar RAT ZXShell
2019-11-04TencentTencent Security Mikan TIC
@online{tic:20191104:attack:33a29db, author = {Tencent Security Mikan TIC}, title = {{APT attack group "Higaisa" attack activity disclosed}}, date = {2019-11-04}, organization = {Tencent}, url = {https://s.tencent.com/research/report/836.html}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2020-05-13} } APT attack group "Higaisa" attack activity disclosed
Ghost RAT Higaisa
2019-09-23MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:20190923:apt41:63b9ff7, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{APT41}}, date = {2019-09-23}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0096}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-30} } APT41
Derusbi MESSAGETAP Winnti ASPXSpy BLACKCOFFEE CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike Derusbi Empire Downloader Ghost RAT MimiKatz NjRAT PlugX ShadowPad Winnti ZXShell APT41
2019-09-17TalosChristopher Evans, David Liebenberg
@online{evans:20190917:cryptocurrency:8f3a9e9, author = {Christopher Evans and David Liebenberg}, title = {{Cryptocurrency miners aren’t dead yet: Documenting the voracious but simple “Panda”}}, date = {2019-09-17}, organization = {Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/09/panda-evolution.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-31} } Cryptocurrency miners aren’t dead yet: Documenting the voracious but simple “Panda”
Ghost RAT
2019-04-25DATANETKim Seon-ae
@online{seonae:20190425:chinesebased:fa78904, author = {Kim Seon-ae}, title = {{Chinese-based hackers attack domestic energy institutions}}, date = {2019-04-25}, organization = {DATANET}, url = {https://www.datanet.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=133346}, language = {Korean}, urldate = {2021-02-09} } Chinese-based hackers attack domestic energy institutions
CALMTHORN Ghost RAT
2019-02-27SecureworksCTU Research Team
@online{team:20190227:peek:16c9160, author = {CTU Research Team}, title = {{A Peek into BRONZE UNION’s Toolbox}}, date = {2019-02-27}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/a-peek-into-bronze-unions-toolbox}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } A Peek into BRONZE UNION’s Toolbox
Ghost RAT HyperBro ZXShell
2019-01-07IntezerIgnacio Sanmillan
@online{sanmillan:20190107:chinaz:50bb5f4, author = {Ignacio Sanmillan}, title = {{ChinaZ Revelations: Revealing ChinaZ Relationships with other Chinese Threat Actor Groups}}, date = {2019-01-07}, organization = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/blog/malware-analysis/chinaz-relations/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-20} } ChinaZ Revelations: Revealing ChinaZ Relationships with other Chinese Threat Actor Groups
Ghost RAT
2018-09-19Möbius Strip Reverse EngineeringRolf Rolles
@online{rolles:20180919:hexrays:1afcc0c, author = {Rolf Rolles}, title = {{Hex-Rays Microcode API vs. Obfuscating Compiler}}, date = {2018-09-19}, organization = {Möbius Strip Reverse Engineering}, url = {http://www.hexblog.com/?p=1248}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-28} } Hex-Rays Microcode API vs. Obfuscating Compiler
Ghost RAT
2018-04-20NCC GroupNikolaos Pantazopoulos
@online{pantazopoulos:20180420:decoding:b4ca1d1, author = {Nikolaos Pantazopoulos}, title = {{Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant}}, date = {2018-04-20}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2018/april/decoding-network-data-from-a-gh0st-rat-variant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-10-07} } Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant
Ghost RAT APT27
2018-04-17NCC GroupNikolaos Pantazopoulos
@online{pantazopoulos:20180417:decoding:7d5f713, author = {Nikolaos Pantazopoulos}, title = {{Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant}}, date = {2018-04-17}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://research.nccgroup.com/2018/04/17/decoding-network-data-from-a-gh0st-rat-variant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-20} } Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant
Ghost RAT APT27
2018-02-01BitdefenderBitdefender Team
@techreport{team:20180201:operation:e76f179, author = {Bitdefender Team}, title = {{Operation PZCHAO Inside a highly specialized espionage infrastructure}}, date = {2018-02-01}, institution = {Bitdefender}, url = {https://www.bitdefender.com/files/News/CaseStudies/study/185/Bitdefender-Business-2017-WhitePaper-PZCHAO-crea2452-en-EN-GenericUse.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-20} } Operation PZCHAO Inside a highly specialized espionage infrastructure
Ghost RAT APT27
2018-01-04Malware Traffic AnalysisBrad Duncan
@online{duncan:20180104:malspam:ce2dfac, author = {Brad Duncan}, title = {{MALSPAM PUSHING PCRAT/GH0ST}}, date = {2018-01-04}, organization = {Malware Traffic Analysis}, url = {http://www.malware-traffic-analysis.net/2018/01/04/index.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-24} } MALSPAM PUSHING PCRAT/GH0ST
Ghost RAT
2018CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:2018:2018:5ba6206, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{2018 Global Threat Report}}, date = {2018}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/Report2018GlobalThreatReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } 2018 Global Threat Report
Mangzamel BAMBOO SPIDER HOUND SPIDER ZOMBIE SPIDER
2017-12-19ProofpointDarien Huss
@techreport{huss:20171219:north:b2da03e, author = {Darien Huss}, title = {{North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug}}, date = {2017-12-19}, institution = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/sites/default/files/pfpt-us-wp-north-korea-bitten-by-bitcoin-bug.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-18} } North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug
QUICKCAFE PowerSpritz Ghost RAT PowerRatankba
2017-12-19ProofpointDarien Huss
@online{huss:20171219:north:e5ef6da, author = {Darien Huss}, title = {{North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug: Financially motivated campaigns reveal new dimension of the Lazarus Group}}, date = {2017-12-19}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/north-korea-bitten-bitcoin-bug-financially-motivated-campaigns-reveal-new}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug: Financially motivated campaigns reveal new dimension of the Lazarus Group
Ghost RAT
2017-05-31MITREMITRE
@online{mitre:20170531:apt18:deb24dc, author = {MITRE}, title = {{APT18}}, date = {2017-05-31}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0026}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-07-05} } APT18
Ghost RAT HttpBrowser APT18
2017-05-31MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:20170531:pittytiger:cac6452, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{PittyTiger}}, date = {2017-05-31}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0011}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-30} } PittyTiger
Enfal Ghost RAT MimiKatz Poison Ivy APT24
2017-05-31MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:20170531:axiom:b181fdb, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Axiom}}, date = {2017-05-31}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0001/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-30} } Axiom
Derusbi 9002 RAT BLACKCOFFEE Derusbi Ghost RAT HiKit PlugX ZXShell APT17
2017-02-25Financial Security InstituteKyoung-Ju Kwak (郭炅周)
@techreport{:20170225:silent:5a11e12, author = {Kyoung-Ju Kwak (郭炅周)}, title = {{Silent RIFLE: Response Against Advanced Threat}}, date = {2017-02-25}, institution = {Financial Security Institute}, url = {https://hackcon.org/uploads/327/05%20-%20Kwak.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Silent RIFLE: Response Against Advanced Threat
Ghost RAT
2016-04-22CylanceIsaac Palmer
@online{palmer:20160422:ghost:dda6514, author = {Isaac Palmer}, title = {{The Ghost Dragon}}, date = {2016-04-22}, organization = {Cylance}, url = {https://blog.cylance.com/the-ghost-dragon}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } The Ghost Dragon
Ghost RAT
2015-04-14Youtube (Kaspersky)Kris McConkey
@online{mcconkey:20150414:following:02e29b8, author = {Kris McConkey}, title = {{Following APT OpSec failures}}, date = {2015-04-14}, organization = {Youtube (Kaspersky)}, url = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NFJqD-LcpIg}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-08-30} } Following APT OpSec failures
BLACKCOFFEE Mangzamel APT17
2015-04-13Hybrid-AnalysisHybrid-Analysis
@online{hybridanalysis:20150413:sqlconnt1exe:86539cc, author = {Hybrid-Analysis}, title = {{sqlconnt1.exe}}, date = {2015-04-13}, organization = {Hybrid-Analysis}, url = {https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/5d631d77401615d53f3ce3dbc2bfee5d934602dc35d488aa7cebf9b3ff1c4816?environmentId=2}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } sqlconnt1.exe
Mangzamel
2012Norman ASASnorre Fagerland
@techreport{fagerland:2012:many:c938856, author = {Snorre Fagerland}, title = {{The many faces of Gh0st Rat}}, date = {2012}, institution = {Norman ASA}, url = {http://download01.norman.no/documents/ThemanyfacesofGh0stRat.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The many faces of Gh0st Rat
Ghost RAT
2011-06-29SymantecJohn McDonald
@online{mcdonald:20110629:inside:b955948, author = {John McDonald}, title = {{Inside a Back Door Attack}}, date = {2011-06-29}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20140816135909/https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/inside-back-door-attack}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } Inside a Back Door Attack
Ghost RAT Dust Storm
2009-03-28Infinitum LabsInformation Warfare Monitor
@techreport{monitor:20090328:tracking:dffad13, author = {Information Warfare Monitor}, title = {{Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network}}, date = {2009-03-28}, institution = {Infinitum Labs}, url = {http://www.nartv.org/mirror/ghostnet.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2022-09-30} } Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network
Ghost RAT GhostNet

Credits: MISP Project