SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

TA428  (Back to overview)


Proofpoint researchers have identified a targeted APT campaign that utilized malicious RTF documents to deliver custom malware to unsuspecting victims. We dubbed this campaign “Operation LagTime IT” based on entities that were targeted and the distinctive domains registered to C&C IP infrastructure. Beginning in early 2019, these threat actors targeted a number of government agencies in East Asia overseeing government information technology, domestic affairs, foreign affairs, economic development, and political processes. We determined that the infection vector observed in this campaign was spear phishing, with emails originating from both free email accounts and compromised user accounts. Attackers relied on Microsoft Equation Editor exploit CVE-2018-0798 to deliver a custom malware that Proofpoint researchers have dubbed Cotx RAT. Additionally, this APT group utilizes Poison Ivy payloads that share overlapping command and control (C&C) infrastructure with the newly identified Cotx campaigns. Based on infrastructure overlaps, post-exploitation techniques, and historic TTPs utilized in this operation, Proofpoint analysts attribute this activity to the Chinese APT group tracked internally as TA428. Researchers believe that this activity has an operational and tactical resemblance to the Maudi Surveillance Operation which was previously reported in 2013.


Associated Families
win.cotx win.unidentified_079 win.tmanger win.albaniiutas win.8t_dropper

References
2021-01-13AlienVaultTom Hegel
@techreport{hegel:20210113:global:72b7b9d, author = {Tom Hegel}, title = {{A Global Perspective of the SideWinder APT}}, date = {2021-01-13}, institution = {AlienVault}, url = {https://cdn-cybersecurity.att.com/docs/global-perspective-of-the-sidewinder-apt.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-18} } A Global Perspective of the SideWinder APT
8.t Dropper Koadic SideWinder
2021-01-04nao_sec blognao_sec
@online{naosec:20210104:royal:041b9d3, author = {nao_sec}, title = {{Royal Road! Re:Dive}}, date = {2021-01-04}, organization = {nao_sec blog}, url = {https://nao-sec.org/2021/01/royal-road-redive.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2021-01-05} } Royal Road! Re:Dive
8.t Dropper Chinoxy FlowCloud FunnyDream Lookback
2020-12-11NTT SecurityHiroki Hada
@online{hada:20201211:pandas:b182e4e, author = {Hiroki Hada}, title = {{Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 3 Smanager}}, date = {2020-12-11}, organization = {NTT Security}, url = {https://insight-jp.nttsecurity.com/post/102glv5/pandas-new-arsenal-part-3-smanager}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2021-01-01} } Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 3 Smanager
FunnyDream SManager Tmanger
2020-12-10ESET ResearchMathieu Tartare
@online{tartare:20201210:operation:0eecfc8, author = {Mathieu Tartare}, title = {{Operation StealthyTrident: corporate software under attack}}, date = {2020-12-10}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2020/12/10/luckymouse-ta428-compromise-able-desktop/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-10} } Operation StealthyTrident: corporate software under attack
HyperBro PlugX ShadowPad Tmanger
2020-11-26Medium SebdravenSébastien Larinier
@online{larinier:20201126:actor:449d888, author = {Sébastien Larinier}, title = {{Actor behind Operation LagTime targets Russia}}, date = {2020-11-26}, organization = {Medium Sebdraven}, url = {https://sebdraven.medium.com/actor-behind-operation-lagtime-targets-russia-f8c277dc52a9}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-12-01} } Actor behind Operation LagTime targets Russia
Unidentified 079 (LagTime Downloader)
2020-11-18NTT SecurityHiroki Hada
@online{hada:20201118:pandas:f87f080, author = {Hiroki Hada}, title = {{Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 2 Albaniiutas}}, date = {2020-11-18}, organization = {NTT Security}, url = {https://insight-jp.nttsecurity.com/post/102gkfp/pandas-new-arsenal-part-2-albaniiutas}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2020-11-25} } Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 2 Albaniiutas
Albaniiutas
2020-10-15NTT SecurityHiroki Hada
@online{hada:20201015:pandas:962b364, author = {Hiroki Hada}, title = {{Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 1 Tmanger}}, date = {2020-10-15}, organization = {NTT Security}, url = {https://insight-jp.nttsecurity.com/post/102gi9b/pandas-new-arsenal-part-1-tmanger}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2020-10-19} } Panda’s New Arsenal: Part 1 Tmanger
Tmanger
2020-09-16RiskIQJon Gross
@online{gross:20200916:riskiq:da4b864, author = {Jon Gross}, title = {{RiskIQ: Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 2}}, date = {2020-09-16}, organization = {RiskIQ}, url = {https://community.riskiq.com/article/56fa1b2f}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } RiskIQ: Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 2
8.t Dropper Chinoxy Poison Ivy
2020-08-19RiskIQJon Gross, Cory Kennedy
@online{gross:20200819:riskiq:94e5ccf, author = {Jon Gross and Cory Kennedy}, title = {{RiskIQ Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 1}}, date = {2020-08-19}, organization = {RiskIQ}, url = {https://community.riskiq.com/article/5fe2da7f}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-09-23} } RiskIQ Adventures in Cookie Land - Part 1
8.t Dropper Chinoxy
2020-06-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT, Mark Lechtik, Giampaolo Dedola
@online{great:20200603:cycldek:ed9a830, author = {GReAT and Mark Lechtik and Giampaolo Dedola}, title = {{Cycldek: Bridging the (air) gap}}, date = {2020-06-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/cycldek-bridging-the-air-gap/97157/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-03} } Cycldek: Bridging the (air) gap
8.t Dropper NewCore RAT PlugX USBCulprit Hellsing
2020-03-21MalwareLab.plMaciej Kotowicz
@online{kotowicz:20200321:royal:da8fd16, author = {Maciej Kotowicz}, title = {{On the Royal Road}}, date = {2020-03-21}, organization = {MalwareLab.pl}, url = {https://blog.malwarelab.pl/posts/on_the_royal_road/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-24} } On the Royal Road
8.t Dropper
2020-03-20Medium SebdravenSébastien Larinier
@online{larinier:20200320:new:3da1211, author = {Sébastien Larinier}, title = {{New version of chinoxy backdoor using COVID19 alerts document lure}}, date = {2020-03-20}, organization = {Medium Sebdraven}, url = {https://medium.com/@Sebdraven/new-version-of-chinoxy-backdoor-using-covid19-document-lure-83fa294c0746}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-26} } New version of chinoxy backdoor using COVID19 alerts document lure
8.t Dropper Chinoxy
2020-03-12Check PointCheck Point Research
@online{research:20200312:vicious:3218bb8, author = {Check Point Research}, title = {{Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign}}, date = {2020-03-12}, organization = {Check Point}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2020/vicious-panda-the-covid-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign
8.t Dropper BYEBY Enfal Korlia Poison Ivy
2020-03-11Virus BulletinGhareeb Saad, Michael Raggi
@online{saad:20200311:attribution:3efcc0a, author = {Ghareeb Saad and Michael Raggi}, title = {{Attribution is in the object: using RTF object dimensions to track APT phishing weaponizers}}, date = {2020-03-11}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/03/vb2019-paper-attribution-object-using-rtf-object-dimensions-track-apt-phishing-weaponizers/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Attribution is in the object: using RTF object dimensions to track APT phishing weaponizers
8.t Dropper
2020-03-04CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20200304:2020:818c85f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report}}, date = {2020-03-04}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/Report2020CrowdStrikeGlobalThreatReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-24} } 2020 CrowdStrike Global Threat Report
MESSAGETAP More_eggs 8.t Dropper Anchor BabyShark BadNews Clop Cobalt Strike CobInt Cobra Carbon System Cutwail DanaBot Dharma DoppelPaymer Dridex Emotet FlawedAmmyy FriedEx Gandcrab Get2 IcedID ISFB KerrDown LightNeuron LockerGoga Maze MECHANICAL Necurs Nokki Outlook Backdoor Phobos Ransomware Predator The Thief QakBot REvil RobinHood Ryuk SDBbot Skipper SmokeLoader TerraRecon TerraStealer TerraTV TinyLoader TrickBot vidar Winnti ANTHROPOID SPIDER Anunak APT31 APT39 BlackTech BuhTrap Charming Kitten CLOCKWORD SPIDER DOPPEL SPIDER Gamaredon Group Leviathan MONTY SPIDER Mustang Panda NARWHAL SPIDER NOCTURNAL SPIDER Pinchy Spider Pirate Panda Salty Spider SCULLY SPIDER SMOKY SPIDER Thrip VENOM SPIDER
2020-01-29nao_sec blognao_sec
@online{naosec:20200129:overhead:ec0aeb5, author = {nao_sec}, title = {{An Overhead View of the Royal Road}}, date = {2020-01-29}, organization = {nao_sec blog}, url = {https://nao-sec.org/2020/01/an-overhead-view-of-the-royal-road.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } An Overhead View of the Royal Road
BLACKCOFFEE Cotx RAT Datper DDKONG Derusbi Icefog Korlia NewCore RAT PLAINTEE Poison Ivy Sisfader
2019-09-22Check Point ResearchCheck Point Research
@online{research:20190922:rancor:e834f67, author = {Check Point Research}, title = {{Rancor: The Year of The Phish}}, date = {2019-09-22}, organization = {Check Point Research}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2019/rancor-the-year-of-the-phish/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Rancor: The Year of The Phish
8.t Dropper Cobalt Strike
2019-07-23ProofpointMichael Raggi, Dennis Schwarz, Proofpoint Threat Insight Team
@online{raggi:20190723:chinese:804ec1c, author = {Michael Raggi and Dennis Schwarz and Proofpoint Threat Insight Team}, title = {{Chinese APT “Operation LagTime IT” Targets Government Information Technology Agencies in Eastern Asia}}, date = {2019-07-23}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/chinese-apt-operation-lagtime-it-targets-government-information-technology}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Chinese APT “Operation LagTime IT” Targets Government Information Technology Agencies in Eastern Asia
8.t Dropper Cotx RAT TA428
2019-01-03m4n0w4r
@online{m4n0w4r:20190103:another:2f48120, author = {m4n0w4r}, title = {{Another malicious document with CVE-2017–11882}}, date = {2019-01-03}, url = {https://tradahacking.vn/another-malicious-document-with-cve-2017-11882-839e9c0bbf2f}, language = {Vietnamese}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } Another malicious document with CVE-2017–11882
8.t Dropper
2018-11-03m4n0w4r
@online{m4n0w4r:20181103:l:d496fbd, author = {m4n0w4r}, title = {{Là 1937CN hay OceanLotus hay Lazarus …}}, date = {2018-11-03}, url = {https://tradahacking.vn/l%C3%A0-1937cn-hay-oceanlotus-hay-lazarus-6ca15fe1b241}, language = {Vietnamese}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } Là 1937CN hay OceanLotus hay Lazarus …
8.t Dropper
2018-07-31Medium SebdravenSébastien Larinier
@online{larinier:20180731:malicious:571d2df, author = {Sébastien Larinier}, title = {{Malicious document targets Vietnamese officials}}, date = {2018-07-31}, organization = {Medium Sebdraven}, url = {https://medium.com/@Sebdraven/malicious-document-targets-vietnamese-officials-acb3b9d8b80a?}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Malicious document targets Vietnamese officials
8.t Dropper

Credits: MISP Project