SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

Molerats  (Back to overview)

aka: Gaza Hackers Team, Gaza cybergang, Gaza Cybergang, Operation Molerats, Extreme Jackal, Moonlight, ALUMINUM SARATOGA

In October 2012, malware attacks against Israeli government targets grabbed media attention as officials temporarily cut off Internet access for its entire police force and banned the use of USB memory sticks. Security researchers subsequently linked these attacks to a broader, yearlong campaign that targeted not just Israelis but Palestinians as well. and as discovered later, even the U.S. and UK governments. Further research revealed a connection between these attacks and members of the so-called “Gaza Hackers Team.” We refer to this campaign as “Molerats.”


Associated Families
win.pierogi win.spark apk.badpatch win.extreme_rat win.molerat_loader win.poison_ivy

References
2020-07-14ESET ResearchLukáš Štefanko
@online{tefanko:20200714:welcome:333a076, author = {Lukáš Štefanko}, title = {{Welcome Chat as a secure messaging app? Nothing could be further from the truth}}, date = {2020-07-14}, organization = {ESET Research}, url = {https://www.welivesecurity.com/2020/07/14/welcome-chat-secure-messaging-app-nothing-further-truth/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-15} } Welcome Chat as a secure messaging app? Nothing could be further from the truth
BadPatch
2020-03-12Check PointCheck Point Research
@online{research:20200312:vicious:3218bb8, author = {Check Point Research}, title = {{Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign}}, date = {2020-03-12}, organization = {Check Point}, url = {https://research.checkpoint.com/2020/vicious-panda-the-covid-campaign/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-13} } Vicious Panda: The COVID Campaign
8.t Dropper BYEBY Enfal Korlia Poison Ivy
2020-03-03Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone, Bryan Lee, Alex Hinchliffe
@online{falcone:20200303:molerats:990b000, author = {Robert Falcone and Bryan Lee and Alex Hinchliffe}, title = {{Molerats Delivers Spark Backdoor to Government and Telecommunications Organizations}}, date = {2020-03-03}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/molerats-delivers-spark-backdoor/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } Molerats Delivers Spark Backdoor to Government and Telecommunications Organizations
Downeks JhoneRAT Molerat Loader Spark
2020-03-02Virus BulletinAlex Hinchliffe
@online{hinchliffe:20200302:pulling:35771e7, author = {Alex Hinchliffe}, title = {{Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary}}, date = {2020-03-02}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/03/vb2019-paper-pulling-pkplug-adversary-playbook-long-standing-espionage-activity-chinese-nation-state-adversary/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-02} } Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary
HenBox Farseer PlugX Poison Ivy
2020-02-13CybereasonCybereason Nocturnus
@online{nocturnus:20200213:new:4006ede, author = {Cybereason Nocturnus}, title = {{New Cyber Espionage Campaigns Targeting Palestinians - Part 2: The Discovery of the New, Mysterious Pierogi Backdoor}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Cybereason}, url = {https://www.cybereason.com/blog/new-cyber-espionage-campaigns-targeting-palestinians-part-2-the-discovery-of-the-new-mysterious-pierogi-backdoor}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-13} } New Cyber Espionage Campaigns Targeting Palestinians - Part 2: The Discovery of the New, Mysterious Pierogi Backdoor
Pierogi
2020-02-13CybereasonCybereason Nocturnus
@online{nocturnus:20200213:new:ca8e240, author = {Cybereason Nocturnus}, title = {{New Cyber Espionage Campaigns Targeting Palestinians - Part 1: The Spark Campaign}}, date = {2020-02-13}, organization = {Cybereason}, url = {https://www.cybereason.com/blog/new-cyber-espionage-campaigns-targeting-palestinians-part-one}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-13} } New Cyber Espionage Campaigns Targeting Palestinians - Part 1: The Spark Campaign
Spark
2020-01-29nao_sec blognao_sec
@online{naosec:20200129:overhead:ec0aeb5, author = {nao_sec}, title = {{An Overhead View of the Royal Road}}, date = {2020-01-29}, organization = {nao_sec blog}, url = {https://nao-sec.org/2020/01/an-overhead-view-of-the-royal-road.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-03} } An Overhead View of the Royal Road
BLACKCOFFEE Cotx RAT Datper DDKONG Derusbi Icefog Korlia NewCore RAT PLAINTEE Poison Ivy Sisfader
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4db27ec, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE UNION}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-union}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE UNION
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER Enfal Ghost RAT HttpBrowser HyperBro owaauth PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell LuckyMouse
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:65ecf8a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE KEYSTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-keystone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE KEYSTONE
9002 RAT BLACKCOFFEE DeputyDog Derusbi HiKit PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell Aurora Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:aluminum:af22ffd, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{ALUMINUM SARATOGA}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/aluminum-saratoga}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } ALUMINUM SARATOGA
BlackShades DarkComet Xtreme RAT Poison Ivy Quasar RAT Molerats
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:972c13a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FIRESTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-firestone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FIRESTONE
9002 RAT Derusbi Empire Downloader PlugX Poison Ivy Shell Crew
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:66f1290, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE RIVERSIDE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-riverside}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE RIVERSIDE
Anel ChChes Cobalt Strike PlugX Poison Ivy Quasar RAT RedLeaves Stone Panda
2019-06-25CybereasonCybereason Nocturnus
@online{nocturnus:20190625:operation:21efa8f, author = {Cybereason Nocturnus}, title = {{OPERATION SOFT CELL: A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN AGAINST TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS}}, date = {2019-06-25}, organization = {Cybereason}, url = {https://www.cybereason.com/blog/operation-soft-cell-a-worldwide-campaign-against-telecommunications-providers}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } OPERATION SOFT CELL: A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN AGAINST TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS
MimiKatz Poison Ivy Operation Soft Cell
2019-04-10Kaspersky LabsKaspersky Team
@online{team:20190410:gaza:d5f5a32, author = {Kaspersky Team}, title = {{The Gaza cybergang and its SneakyPastes campaign}}, date = {2019-04-10}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://www.kaspersky.com/blog/gaza-cybergang/26363/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-18} } The Gaza cybergang and its SneakyPastes campaign
Molerats
2019-02-14360.cn奇安信威胁情报中心
@online{:20190214:suspected:25adc45, author = {奇安信威胁情报中心}, title = {{Suspected Molerats New Attack in the Middle East}}, date = {2019-02-14}, organization = {360.cn}, url = {https://ti.360.net/blog/articles/suspected-molerats-new-attack-in-the-middle-east/}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2019-10-12} } Suspected Molerats New Attack in the Middle East
Molerats
2019-02-14奇安信威胁情报中心事件追踪
@online{:20190214:suspected:5df65f1, author = {事件追踪}, title = {{Suspected Molerats' New Attack in the Middle East}}, date = {2019-02-14}, organization = {奇安信威胁情报中心}, url = {https://ti.360.net/blog/articles/suspected-molerats-new-attack-in-the-middle-east-en/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Suspected Molerats' New Attack in the Middle East
Molerats
2019Virus BulletinLion Gu, Bowen Pan
@techreport{gu:2019:vine:df5dbfb, author = {Lion Gu and Bowen Pan}, title = {{A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China}}, date = {2019}, institution = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/uploads/pdf/conference_slides/2019/VB2019-GuPan.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China
Poison Ivy ZXShell
2019MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:2019:molerats:9927c33, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Group description: Molerats}}, date = {2019}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/groups/G0021/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Group description: Molerats
Molerats
2018-09-21Qihoo 360 TechnologyQihoo 360
@online{360:20180921:poison:d1cab92, author = {Qihoo 360}, title = {{Poison Ivy Group and the Cyberespionage Campaign Against Chinese Military and Goverment}}, date = {2018-09-21}, organization = {Qihoo 360 Technology}, url = {http://blogs.360.cn/post/APT_C_01_en.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-29} } Poison Ivy Group and the Cyberespionage Campaign Against Chinese Military and Goverment
Poison Ivy
2018-05-15BSides DetroitKeven Murphy, Stefano Maccaglia
@online{murphy:20180515:ir:ac5b561, author = {Keven Murphy and Stefano Maccaglia}, title = {{IR in Heterogeneous Environment}}, date = {2018-05-15}, organization = {BSides Detroit}, url = {https://www.slideshare.net/StefanoMaccaglia/bsides-ir-in-heterogeneous-environment}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-07-20} } IR in Heterogeneous Environment
Korlia Poison Ivy
2017-10-30Kaspersky LabsMohamad Amin Hasbini, Ghareeb Saad
@online{hasbini:20171030:gaza:7c531cc, author = {Mohamad Amin Hasbini and Ghareeb Saad}, title = {{Gaza Cybergang – updated activity in 2017:}}, date = {2017-10-30}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/gaza-cybergang-updated-2017-activity/82765/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Gaza Cybergang – updated activity in 2017:
Molerats
2017-09-15FortinetXiaopeng Zhang
@online{zhang:20170915:deep:5178fe3, author = {Xiaopeng Zhang}, title = {{Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy/PlugX Variant - Part II}}, date = {2017-09-15}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {https://blog.fortinet.com/2017/09/15/deep-analysis-of-new-poison-ivy-plugx-variant-part-ii}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy/PlugX Variant - Part II
Poison Ivy
2017-08-31NCC GroupAhmed Zaki
@online{zaki:20170831:analysing:4c77e47, author = {Ahmed Zaki}, title = {{Analysing a recent Poison Ivy sample}}, date = {2017-08-31}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2017/august/analysing-a-recent-poison-ivy-sample/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Analysing a recent Poison Ivy sample
Poison Ivy
2017-08-23FortinetXiaopeng Zhang
@online{zhang:20170823:deep:3d931ad, author = {Xiaopeng Zhang}, title = {{Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy Variant}}, date = {2017-08-23}, organization = {Fortinet}, url = {http://blog.fortinet.com/2017/08/23/deep-analysis-of-new-poison-ivy-variant}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } Deep Analysis of New Poison Ivy Variant
Poison Ivy
2017-08-02RSA LinkAhmed Sonbol
@online{sonbol:20170802:malspam:d849b12, author = {Ahmed Sonbol}, title = {{Malspam delivers Xtreme RAT 8-1-2017}}, date = {2017-08-02}, organization = {RSA Link}, url = {https://community.rsa.com/community/products/netwitness/blog/2017/08/02/malspam-delivers-xtreme-rat-8-1-2017}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Malspam delivers Xtreme RAT 8-1-2017
Xtreme RAT
2017-03-14ClearSkyClearSky Research Team
@online{team:20170314:operation:38f832c, author = {ClearSky Research Team}, title = {{Operation Electric Powder – Who is targeting Israel Electric Company?}}, date = {2017-03-14}, organization = {ClearSky}, url = {http://www.clearskysec.com/iec/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Operation Electric Powder – Who is targeting Israel Electric Company?
Molerat Loader
2016-11-22Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Vicky Ray, Robert Falcone, Jen Miller-Osborn, Tom Lancaster
@online{ray:20161122:tropic:7f503e7, author = {Vicky Ray and Robert Falcone and Jen Miller-Osborn and Tom Lancaster}, title = {{Tropic Trooper Targets Taiwanese Government and Fossil Fuel Provider With Poison Ivy}}, date = {2016-11-22}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/11/unit42-tropic-trooper-targets-taiwanese-government-and-fossil-fuel-provider-with-poison-ivy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Tropic Trooper Targets Taiwanese Government and Fossil Fuel Provider With Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy
2016-10-26UnknownChris Doman
@online{doman:20161026:moonlight:1edffaa, author = {Chris Doman}, title = {{Moonlight – Targeted attacks in the Middle East}}, date = {2016-10-26}, organization = {Unknown}, url = {https://www.vectra.ai/blogpost/moonlight-middle-east-targeted-attacks}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-06} } Moonlight – Targeted attacks in the Middle East
Houdini NjRAT Molerats
2016-06-08ClearSkyClearSky Research Team
@techreport{team:20160608:operation:c8f6615, author = {ClearSky Research Team}, title = {{Operation DustySky Part 2}}, date = {2016-06-08}, institution = {ClearSky}, url = {https://www.clearskysec.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Operation-DustySky2_-6.2016_TLP_White.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Operation DustySky Part 2
Molerats
2016-04-26Github (CyberMonitor)Jason Jones
@techreport{jones:20160426:new:78ff145, author = {Jason Jones}, title = {{New Poison Ivy Activity Targeting Myanmar, Asian Countries}}, date = {2016-04-26}, institution = {Github (CyberMonitor)}, url = {https://github.com/CyberMonitor/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin_Collections/blob/master/2016/2016.04.26.New_Poison_Ivy_Activity_Targeting_Myanmar_Asian_Countries/New%20Poison%20Ivy%20Activity%20Targeting%20Myanmar%2C%20Asian%20Countries.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-17} } New Poison Ivy Activity Targeting Myanmar, Asian Countries
Poison Ivy
2016-04-22Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Micah Yates, Mike Scott, Brandon Levene, Jen Miller-Osborn
@online{yates:20160422:new:249e32b, author = {Micah Yates and Mike Scott and Brandon Levene and Jen Miller-Osborn}, title = {{New Poison Ivy RAT Variant Targets Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Activists}}, date = {2016-04-22}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/04/unit42-new-poison-ivy-rat-variant-targets-hong-kong-pro-democracy-activists/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } New Poison Ivy RAT Variant Targets Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Activists
Poison Ivy
2016-01ClearSkyClearSky Research Team
@techreport{team:201601:operation:b45e4b9, author = {ClearSky Research Team}, title = {{Operation DustySky}}, date = {2016-01}, institution = {ClearSky}, url = {https://www.clearskysec.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Operation%20DustySky_TLP_WHITE.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-29} } Operation DustySky
Molerats
2015-12-08The CitizenlabJohn Scott-Railton, Morgan Marquis-Boire, Claudio Guarnieri, Marion Marschalek
@online{scottrailton:20151208:packrat:5f9bffa, author = {John Scott-Railton and Morgan Marquis-Boire and Claudio Guarnieri and Marion Marschalek}, title = {{Packrat: Seven Years of a South American Threat Actor}}, date = {2015-12-08}, organization = {The Citizenlab}, url = {https://citizenlab.ca/2015/12/packrat-report/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Packrat: Seven Years of a South American Threat Actor
AdWind Adzok CyberGate Xtreme RAT Packrat
2015-12-03SymantecSymantec Security Response
@online{response:20151203:colombians:04e7e8a, author = {Symantec Security Response}, title = {{Colombians major target of email campaigns delivering Xtreme RAT}}, date = {2015-12-03}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/colombians-major-target-email-campaigns-delivering-xtreme-rat}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Colombians major target of email campaigns delivering Xtreme RAT
Xtreme RAT
2015-09-28Kaspersky LabsMohamad Amin Hasbini, Ghareeb Saad
@online{hasbini:20150928:gaza:0c6e96e, author = {Mohamad Amin Hasbini and Ghareeb Saad}, title = {{Gaza cybergang, where’s your IR team?}}, date = {2015-09-28}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/gaza-cybergang-wheres-your-ir-team/72283/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Gaza cybergang, where’s your IR team?
Molerats
2015-04-27PWCTom Lancaster
@online{lancaster:20150427:attacks:8467adc, author = {Tom Lancaster}, title = {{Attacks against Israeli & Palestinian interests}}, date = {2015-04-27}, organization = {PWC}, url = {https://pwc.blogs.com/cyber_security_updates/2015/04/attacks-against-israeli-palestinian-interests.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Attacks against Israeli & Palestinian interests
Molerats
2015-02-06CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20150206:crowdstrike:fbcc37f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014}}, date = {2015-02-06}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20200509171721/https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fdiskyou/threat-INTel/master/2015/GlobalThreatIntelReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-11} } CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014
BlackPOS CryptoLocker Derusbi Elise Enfal EvilGrab Gameover P2P HttpBrowser Medusa Mirage Naikon NetTraveler pirpi PlugX Poison Ivy Sakula RAT Sinowal sykipot taidoor
2014-09-19Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Jen Miller-Osborn, Ryan Olson
@online{millerosborn:20140919:recent:edf1ed3, author = {Jen Miller-Osborn and Ryan Olson}, title = {{Recent Watering Hole Attacks Attributed to APT Group “th3bug” Using Poison Ivy}}, date = {2014-09-19}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2014/09/recent-watering-hole-attacks-attributed-apt-group-th3bug-using-poison-ivy/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Recent Watering Hole Attacks Attributed to APT Group “th3bug” Using Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy
2014-06-02FireEyeTimothy Dahms
@online{dahms:20140602:molerats:8b00d0d, author = {Timothy Dahms}, title = {{Molerats, Here for Spring!}}, date = {2014-06-02}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2014/06/molerats-here-for-spring.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Molerats, Here for Spring!
Molerats
2014-02-19FireEyeNart Villeneuve, James T. Bennett
@online{villeneuve:20140219:xtremerat:53e1a83, author = {Nart Villeneuve and James T. Bennett}, title = {{XtremeRAT: Nuisance or Threat?}}, date = {2014-02-19}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2014/02/xtremerat-nuisance-or-threat.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } XtremeRAT: Nuisance or Threat?
Xtreme RAT
2013-10-31FireEyeThoufique Haq, Ned Moran
@online{haq:20131031:know:e772ee9, author = {Thoufique Haq and Ned Moran}, title = {{Know Your Enemy: Tracking A Rapidly Evolving APT Actor}}, date = {2013-10-31}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/10/know-your-enemy-tracking-a-rapidly-evolving-apt-actor.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Know Your Enemy: Tracking A Rapidly Evolving APT Actor
Bozok Poison Ivy Temper Panda
2013-08-23FireEyeNart Villeneuve, Thoufique Haq, Ned Moran
@online{villeneuve:20130823:operation:dc4b5d6, author = {Nart Villeneuve and Thoufique Haq and Ned Moran}, title = {{Operation Molerats: Middle East Cyber Attacks Using Poison Ivy}}, date = {2013-08-23}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/08/operation-molerats-middle-east-cyber-attacks-using-poison-ivy.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Operation Molerats: Middle East Cyber Attacks Using Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy Molerats
2012-07-22Malware.luMalware.lu
@online{malwarelu:20120722:xtreme:ada355e, author = {Malware.lu}, title = {{Xtreme RAT analysis}}, date = {2012-07-22}, organization = {Malware.lu}, url = {https://malware.lu/articles/2012/07/22/xtreme-rat-analysis.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } Xtreme RAT analysis
Xtreme RAT
2012-01-13Middle East OnlineMiddle East Online
@online{online:20120113:cyber:de2ee6e, author = {Middle East Online}, title = {{Cyber war: 'Gaza hackers' deface Israel fire service website}}, date = {2012-01-13}, organization = {Middle East Online}, url = {https://middle-east-online.com/en/cyber-war-gaza-hackers-deface-israel-fire-service-website}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-12} } Cyber war: 'Gaza hackers' deface Israel fire service website
Molerats
2011SymantecErica Eng, Gavin O'Gorman
@techreport{eng:2011:nitro:656e464, author = {Erica Eng and Gavin O'Gorman}, title = {{The Nitro Attacks: Stealing Secrets from the Chemical Industry}}, date = {2011}, institution = {Symantec}, url = {https://paper.seebug.org/papers/APT/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin/2011/the_nitro_attacks.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } The Nitro Attacks: Stealing Secrets from the Chemical Industry
Poison Ivy Nitro

Credits: MISP Project