SYMBOLCOMMON_NAMEaka. SYNONYMS

Emissary Panda  (Back to overview)

aka: TG-3390, APT 27, TEMP.Hippo, Group 35, Bronze Union, ZipToken, HIPPOTeam, APT27, Operation Iron Tiger, Iron Tiger APT, BRONZE UNION, Lucky Mouse

A China-based actor that targets foreign embassies to collect data on government, defence, and technology sectors.


Associated Families
win.chinachopper win.ghost_rat win.httpbrowser win.hyperbro win.plugx win.unidentified_060 win.zxshell

References
2020-06-14BushidoTokenBushidoToken
@online{bushidotoken:20200614:deepdive:3a375ca, author = {BushidoToken}, title = {{Deep-dive: The DarkHotel APT}}, date = {2020-06-14}, organization = {BushidoToken}, url = {https://blog.bushidotoken.net/2020/06/deep-dive-darkhotel-apt.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-16} } Deep-dive: The DarkHotel APT
Asruex Ghost RAT Ramsay Retro Unidentified 076 (Higaisa LNK to Shellcode)
2020-06-05PrevailionDanny Adamitis
@online{adamitis:20200605:gh0st:849c227, author = {Danny Adamitis}, title = {{The Gh0st Remains the Same}}, date = {2020-06-05}, organization = {Prevailion}, url = {https://blog.prevailion.com/2020/06/the-gh0st-remains-same8.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-08} } The Gh0st Remains the Same
Ghost RAT
2020-06-04PTSecurityPT ESC Threat Intelligence
@online{intelligence:20200604:covid19:45fa7ba, author = {PT ESC Threat Intelligence}, title = {{COVID-19 and New Year greetings: an investigation into the tools and methods used by the Higaisa group}}, date = {2020-06-04}, organization = {PTSecurity}, url = {https://www.ptsecurity.com/ww-en/analytics/pt-esc-threat-intelligence/covid-19-and-new-year-greetings-the-higaisa-group/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-05} } COVID-19 and New Year greetings: an investigation into the tools and methods used by the Higaisa group
Ghost RAT
2020-06-03Trend MicroDaniel Lunghi
@techreport{lunghi:20200603:how:4f28e63, author = {Daniel Lunghi}, title = {{How to perform long term monitoring of careless threat actors}}, date = {2020-06-03}, institution = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.sstic.org/media/SSTIC2020/SSTIC-actes/pivoter_tel_bernard_ou_comment_monitorer_des_attaq/SSTIC2020-Slides-pivoter_tel_bernard_ou_comment_monitorer_des_attaquants_ngligents-lunghi.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-05} } How to perform long term monitoring of careless threat actors
BBSRAT HyperBro Trochilus RAT
2020-06-03Kaspersky LabsGReAT, Mark Lechtik, Giampaolo Dedola
@online{great:20200603:cycldek:ed9a830, author = {GReAT and Mark Lechtik and Giampaolo Dedola}, title = {{Cycldek: Bridging the (air) gap}}, date = {2020-06-03}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/cycldek-bridging-the-air-gap/97157/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-03} } Cycldek: Bridging the (air) gap
8.t Dropper NewCore RAT PlugX USBCulprit Hellsing
2020-06-02Lab52Jagaimo Kawaii
@online{kawaii:20200602:mustang:2cf125a, author = {Jagaimo Kawaii}, title = {{Mustang Panda Recent Activity: Dll-Sideloading trojans with temporal C2 servers}}, date = {2020-06-02}, organization = {Lab52}, url = {https://lab52.io/blog/mustang-panda-recent-activity-dll-sideloading-trojans-with-temporal-c2-servers/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-03} } Mustang Panda Recent Activity: Dll-Sideloading trojans with temporal C2 servers
PlugX
2020-05-15Twitter (@stvemillertime)Steve Miller
@online{miller:20200515:sogu:cc5a1fc, author = {Steve Miller}, title = {{Tweet on SOGU development timeline, including TIGERPLUG IOCs}}, date = {2020-05-15}, organization = {Twitter (@stvemillertime)}, url = {https://twitter.com/stvemillertime/status/1261263000960450562}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Tweet on SOGU development timeline, including TIGERPLUG IOCs
PlugX
2020-05-14Lab52Dex
@online{dex:20200514:energy:43e92b4, author = {Dex}, title = {{The energy reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and a malicious campaign of APT10 against Turkey}}, date = {2020-05-14}, organization = {Lab52}, url = {https://lab52.io/blog/the-energy-reserves-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea-and-a-malicious-campaign-of-apt10-against-turkey/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-10} } The energy reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and a malicious campaign of APT10 against Turkey
Cobalt Strike HTran MimiKatz PlugX Quasar RAT
2020-03-25Team CymruTeam Cymru
@online{cymru:20200325:how:b1d8c31, author = {Team Cymru}, title = {{How the Iranian Cyber Security Agency Detects Emissary Panda Malware}}, date = {2020-03-25}, organization = {Team Cymru}, url = {https://blog.team-cymru.com/2020/03/25/how-the-iranian-cyber-security-agency-detects-emissary-panda-malware/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-25} } How the Iranian Cyber Security Agency Detects Emissary Panda Malware
HyperBro
2020-03-19VinCSSm4n0w4r
@online{m4n0w4r:20200319:phn:461fca7, author = {m4n0w4r}, title = {{Phân tích mã độc lợi dụng dịch Covid-19 để phát tán giả mạo “Chỉ thị của thủ tướng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc” - Phần 2}}, date = {2020-03-19}, organization = {VinCSS}, url = {https://blog.vincss.net/2020/03/re012-phan-tich-ma-doc-loi-dung-dich-COVID-19-de-phat-tan-gia-mao-chi-thi-cua-thu-tuong-Nguyen-Xuan-Phuc-phan2.html}, language = {Vietnamese}, urldate = {2020-03-19} } Phân tích mã độc lợi dụng dịch Covid-19 để phát tán giả mạo “Chỉ thị của thủ tướng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc” - Phần 2
PlugX
2020-03-02Virus BulletinAlex Hinchliffe
@online{hinchliffe:20200302:pulling:35771e7, author = {Alex Hinchliffe}, title = {{Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary}}, date = {2020-03-02}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/03/vb2019-paper-pulling-pkplug-adversary-playbook-long-standing-espionage-activity-chinese-nation-state-adversary/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-02} } Pulling the PKPLUG: the adversary playbook for the long-standing espionage activity of a Chinese nation-state adversary
HenBox Farseer PlugX Poison Ivy
2020-02-21ADEO DFIRADEO DFIR
@techreport{dfir:20200221:apt10:e9c3328, author = {ADEO DFIR}, title = {{APT10 Threat Analysis Report}}, date = {2020-02-21}, institution = {ADEO DFIR}, url = {https://adeo.com.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/APT10_Report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-03} } APT10 Threat Analysis Report
CHINACHOPPER HTran MimiKatz PlugX Quasar RAT
2020-02-18Trend MicroDaniel Lunghi, Cedric Pernet, Kenney Lu, Jamz Yaneza
@online{lunghi:20200218:uncovering:93b0937, author = {Daniel Lunghi and Cedric Pernet and Kenney Lu and Jamz Yaneza}, title = {{Uncovering DRBControl: Inside the Cyberespionage Campaign Targeting Gambling Operations}}, date = {2020-02-18}, organization = {Trend Micro}, url = {https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/news/cyber-attacks/operation-drbcontrol-uncovering-a-cyberespionage-campaign-targeting-gambling-companies-in-southeast-asia}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-20} } Uncovering DRBControl: Inside the Cyberespionage Campaign Targeting Gambling Operations
Cobalt Strike HyperBro PlugX Trochilus RAT
2020-02-17Talent-Jump TechnologiesTheo Chen, Zero Chen
@online{chen:20200217:clambling:1a0bb8e, author = {Theo Chen and Zero Chen}, title = {{CLAMBLING - A New Backdoor Base On Dropbox}}, date = {2020-02-17}, organization = {Talent-Jump Technologies}, url = {http://www.talent-jump.com/article/2020/02/17/CLAMBLING-A-New-Backdoor-Base-On-Dropbox-en/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-30} } CLAMBLING - A New Backdoor Base On Dropbox
HyperBro PlugX
2020-01-31AviraShahab Hamzeloofard
@online{hamzeloofard:20200131:new:5d058ea, author = {Shahab Hamzeloofard}, title = {{New wave of PlugX targets Hong Kong}}, date = {2020-01-31}, organization = {Avira}, url = {https://insights.oem.avira.com/new-wave-of-plugx-targets-hong-kong/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-02-10} } New wave of PlugX targets Hong Kong
PlugX
2020-01-13Lab52Jagaimo Kawaii
@online{kawaii:20200113:apt27:4c2f818, author = {Jagaimo Kawaii}, title = {{APT27 ZxShell RootKit module updates}}, date = {2020-01-13}, organization = {Lab52}, url = {https://lab52.io/blog/apt27-rootkit-updates/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } APT27 ZxShell RootKit module updates
ZXShell
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:dcdc02a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FLEETWOOD}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-fleetwood}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FLEETWOOD
Binanen Ghost RAT OrcaRAT APT5
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:65ecf8a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE KEYSTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-keystone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE KEYSTONE
9002 RAT BLACKCOFFEE DeputyDog Derusbi HiKit PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell Aurora Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:41a0bc0, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE EDISON}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-edison}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE EDISON
Ghost RAT sykipot Samurai Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:66f1290, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE RIVERSIDE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-riverside}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE RIVERSIDE
Anel ChChes Cobalt Strike PlugX Poison Ivy Quasar RAT RedLeaves Stone Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:1a5bdbb, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE PRESIDENT}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-president}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE PRESIDENT
CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike PlugX Mustang Panda
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:972c13a, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE FIRESTONE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-firestone}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE FIRESTONE
9002 RAT Derusbi Empire Downloader PlugX Poison Ivy Shell Crew
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:f48e53c, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE WOODLAND}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-woodland}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE WOODLAND
PlugX Zeus Roaming Tiger
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:dc58892, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE GLOBE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-globe}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE GLOBE
EtumBot Ghost RAT IXESHE
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:e8ad4fb, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE MOHAWK}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-mohawk}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE MOHAWK
AIRBREAK scanbox BLACKCOFFEE CHINACHOPPER Cobalt Strike Derusbi homefry murkytop SeDll Leviathan
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:fcb04ab, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE EXPRESS}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-express}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE EXPRESS
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER IsSpace NewCT PlugX smac APT 26
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4db27ec, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE UNION}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-union}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE UNION
9002 RAT CHINACHOPPER Enfal Ghost RAT HttpBrowser HyperBro owaauth PlugX Poison Ivy ZXShell LuckyMouse
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:4118462, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE ATLAS}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-atlas}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE ATLAS
Speculoos Winnti ACEHASH CCleaner Backdoor CHINACHOPPER Empire Downloader HTran MimiKatz PlugX Winnti Axiom
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:472aea8, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE OLIVE}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-olive}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE OLIVE
ANGRYREBEL PlugX APT 22
2020SecureworksSecureWorks
@online{secureworks:2020:bronze:79d8dd2, author = {SecureWorks}, title = {{BRONZE OVERBROOK}}, date = {2020}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/threat-profiles/bronze-overbrook}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-23} } BRONZE OVERBROOK
Aveo DDKONG IsSpace PLAINTEE PlugX Rambo DragonOK
2020-01DragosJoe Slowik
@techreport{slowik:202001:threat:d891011, author = {Joe Slowik}, title = {{Threat Intelligence and the Limits of Malware Analysis}}, date = {2020-01}, institution = {Dragos}, url = {https://pylos.co/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/Threat-Intelligence-and-the-Limits-of-Malware-Analysis.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-10} } Threat Intelligence and the Limits of Malware Analysis
Exaramel Exaramel Industroyer Lookback NjRAT PlugX
2019-12-29SecureworksCTU Research Team
@online{team:20191229:bronze:bda6bfc, author = {CTU Research Team}, title = {{BRONZE PRESIDENT Targets NGOs}}, date = {2019-12-29}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/bronze-president-targets-ngos}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } BRONZE PRESIDENT Targets NGOs
PlugX BRONZE PRESIDENT
2019-12-12MicrosoftMicrosoft Threat Intelligence Center
@online{center:20191212:gallium:79f6460, author = {Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center}, title = {{GALLIUM: Targeting global telecom}}, date = {2019-12-12}, organization = {Microsoft}, url = {https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2019/12/12/gallium-targeting-global-telecom/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } GALLIUM: Targeting global telecom
Ghost RAT HTran GALLIUM
2019-11-16Silas Cutler's BlogSilas Cutler
@online{cutler:20191116:fresh:871567d, author = {Silas Cutler}, title = {{Fresh PlugX October 2019}}, date = {2019-11-16}, organization = {Silas Cutler's Blog}, url = {https://silascutler.blogspot.com/2019/11/fresh-plugx-october-2019.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Fresh PlugX October 2019
PlugX
2019-11-11Virus BulletinShusei Tomonaga, Tomoaki Tani, Hiroshi Soeda, Wataru Takahashi
@online{tomonaga:20191111:cases:ac5f1b3, author = {Shusei Tomonaga and Tomoaki Tani and Hiroshi Soeda and Wataru Takahashi}, title = {{APT cases exploiting vulnerabilities in region‑specific software}}, date = {2019-11-11}, organization = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/virusbulletin/2020/05/vb2019-paper-apt-cases-exploiting-vulnerabilities-regionspecific-software/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-13} } APT cases exploiting vulnerabilities in region‑specific software
NodeRAT Emdivi PlugX
2019-11-04TencentTencent Security Mikan TIC
@online{tic:20191104:attack:33a29db, author = {Tencent Security Mikan TIC}, title = {{APT attack group "Higaisa" attack activity disclosed}}, date = {2019-11-04}, organization = {Tencent}, url = {https://s.tencent.com/research/report/836.html}, language = {Chinese}, urldate = {2020-05-13} } APT attack group "Higaisa" attack activity disclosed
Ghost RAT Higaisa
2019-10-31PTSecurityPTSecurity
@online{ptsecurity:20191031:calypso:adaf761, author = {PTSecurity}, title = {{Calypso APT: new group attacking state institutions}}, date = {2019-10-31}, organization = {PTSecurity}, url = {https://www.ptsecurity.com/ww-en/analytics/calypso-apt-2019/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-12} } Calypso APT: new group attacking state institutions
BYEBY FlyingDutchman Hussar PlugX
2019-10-03Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Alex Hinchliffe
@online{hinchliffe:20191003:pkplug:4a43ea5, author = {Alex Hinchliffe}, title = {{PKPLUG: Chinese Cyber Espionage Group Attacking Asia}}, date = {2019-10-03}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/pkplug_chinese_cyber_espionage_group_attacking_asia/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } PKPLUG: Chinese Cyber Espionage Group Attacking Asia
HenBox Farseer PlugX
2019-09-19MeltX0R
@online{meltx0r:20190919:emissary:361f1fd, author = {MeltX0R}, title = {{Emissary Panda APT: Recent infrastructure and RAT analysis}}, date = {2019-09-19}, url = {https://meltx0r.github.io/tech/2019/09/19/emissary-panda-apt.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Emissary Panda APT: Recent infrastructure and RAT analysis
ZXShell
2019-09-17TalosChristopher Evans, David Liebenberg
@online{evans:20190917:cryptocurrency:8f3a9e9, author = {Christopher Evans and David Liebenberg}, title = {{Cryptocurrency miners aren’t dead yet: Documenting the voracious but simple “Panda”}}, date = {2019-09-17}, organization = {Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/09/panda-evolution.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-31} } Cryptocurrency miners aren’t dead yet: Documenting the voracious but simple “Panda”
Ghost RAT
2019-08-27Cisco TalosPaul Rascagnères, Vanja Svajcer
@online{rascagnres:20190827:china:2d2bbb8, author = {Paul Rascagnères and Vanja Svajcer}, title = {{China Chopper still active 9 years later}}, date = {2019-08-27}, organization = {Cisco Talos}, url = {https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/08/china-chopper-still-active-9-years-later.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-14} } China Chopper still active 9 years later
CHINACHOPPER
2019-08-19FireEyeAlex Pennino, Matt Bromiley
@online{pennino:20190819:game:b6ef5a0, author = {Alex Pennino and Matt Bromiley}, title = {{GAME OVER: Detecting and Stopping an APT41 Operation}}, date = {2019-08-19}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2019/08/game-over-detecting-and-stopping-an-apt41-operation.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-06} } GAME OVER: Detecting and Stopping an APT41 Operation
ACEHASH CHINACHOPPER HIGHNOON
2019-07-21One Night in NorfolkKevin Perlow
@online{perlow:20190721:emissary:dbd4bd3, author = {Kevin Perlow}, title = {{Emissary Panda DLL Backdoor}}, date = {2019-07-21}, organization = {One Night in Norfolk}, url = {https://norfolkinfosec.com/emissary-panda-dll-backdoor/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-19} } Emissary Panda DLL Backdoor
Unidentified 060
2019-06-03FireEyeChi-en Shen
@online{shen:20190603:into:d40fee9, author = {Chi-en Shen}, title = {{Into the Fog - The Return of ICEFOG APT}}, date = {2019-06-03}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://speakerdeck.com/ashley920/into-the-fog-the-return-of-icefog-apt}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-30} } Into the Fog - The Return of ICEFOG APT
Icefog PlugX Sarhust
2019-05-28Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Robert Falcone, Tom Lancaster
@online{falcone:20190528:emissary:dc0f942, author = {Robert Falcone and Tom Lancaster}, title = {{Emissary Panda Attacks Middle East Government Sharepoint Servers}}, date = {2019-05-28}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/emissary-panda-attacks-middle-east-government-sharepoint-servers/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Emissary Panda Attacks Middle East Government Sharepoint Servers
CHINACHOPPER Unidentified 060
2019-05-24enSiloBen Hunter
@online{hunter:20190524:uncovering:7d8776e, author = {Ben Hunter}, title = {{Uncovering new Activity by APT10}}, date = {2019-05-24}, organization = {enSilo}, url = {https://blog.ensilo.com/uncovering-new-activity-by-apt10}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } Uncovering new Activity by APT10
PlugX Quasar RAT
2019-03-19NSHCThreatRecon Team
@online{team:20190319:sectorm04:6c6ea37, author = {ThreatRecon Team}, title = {{SectorM04 Targeting Singapore – An Analysis}}, date = {2019-03-19}, organization = {NSHC}, url = {https://threatrecon.nshc.net/2019/03/19/sectorm04-targeting-singapore-custom-malware-analysis/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } SectorM04 Targeting Singapore – An Analysis
PlugX Termite
2019-02-27SecureworksCTU Research Team
@online{team:20190227:peek:16c9160, author = {CTU Research Team}, title = {{A Peek into BRONZE UNION’s Toolbox}}, date = {2019-02-27}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {https://www.secureworks.com/research/a-peek-into-bronze-unions-toolbox}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } A Peek into BRONZE UNION’s Toolbox
Ghost RAT HyperBro ZXShell
2019-01-07IntezerIgnacio Sanmillan
@online{sanmillan:20190107:chinaz:50bb5f4, author = {Ignacio Sanmillan}, title = {{ChinaZ Revelations: Revealing ChinaZ Relationships with other Chinese Threat Actor Groups}}, date = {2019-01-07}, organization = {Intezer}, url = {https://www.intezer.com/blog-chinaz-relations/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-27} } ChinaZ Revelations: Revealing ChinaZ Relationships with other Chinese Threat Actor Groups
Ghost RAT
2019Virus BulletinLion Gu, Bowen Pan
@techreport{gu:2019:vine:df5dbfb, author = {Lion Gu and Bowen Pan}, title = {{A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China}}, date = {2019}, institution = {Virus Bulletin}, url = {https://www.virusbulletin.com/uploads/pdf/conference_slides/2019/VB2019-GuPan.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } A vine climbing over the Great Firewall: A long-term attack against China
Poison Ivy ZXShell
2019MITREMITRE ATT&CK
@online{attck:2019:tool:fd89dda, author = {MITRE ATT&CK}, title = {{Tool description: China Chopper}}, date = {2019}, organization = {MITRE}, url = {https://attack.mitre.org/software/S0020/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Tool description: China Chopper
CHINACHOPPER
2019Council on Foreign RelationsCyber Operations Tracker
@online{tracker:2019:iron:9e841bb, author = {Cyber Operations Tracker}, title = {{Iron Tiger}}, date = {2019}, organization = {Council on Foreign Relations}, url = {https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/iron-tiger}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Iron Tiger
Emissary Panda LuckyMouse
2018-12-14Australian Cyber Security CentreASD
@techreport{asd:20181214:investigationreport:6eda856, author = {ASD}, title = {{Investigationreport: Compromise of an Australian companyvia their Managed Service Provider}}, date = {2018-12-14}, institution = {Australian Cyber Security Centre}, url = {https://www.cyber.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-03/msp_investigation_report.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } Investigationreport: Compromise of an Australian companyvia their Managed Service Provider
PlugX RedLeaves
2018-09-19Möbius Strip Reverse EngineeringRolf Rolles
@online{rolles:20180919:hexrays:1afcc0c, author = {Rolf Rolles}, title = {{Hex-Rays Microcode API vs. Obfuscating Compiler}}, date = {2018-09-19}, organization = {Möbius Strip Reverse Engineering}, url = {http://www.hexblog.com/?p=1248}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-28} } Hex-Rays Microcode API vs. Obfuscating Compiler
Ghost RAT
2018-06-13Kaspersky LabsDenis Legezo
@online{legezo:20180613:luckymouse:26f9860, author = {Denis Legezo}, title = {{LuckyMouse hits national data center to organize country-level waterholing campaign}}, date = {2018-06-13}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/luckymouse-hits-national-data-center/86083/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } LuckyMouse hits national data center to organize country-level waterholing campaign
HyperBro LuckyMouse
2018-05-18NCC GroupNikolaos Pantazopoulos, Thomas Henry
@online{pantazopoulos:20180518:emissary:ed9583a, author = {Nikolaos Pantazopoulos and Thomas Henry}, title = {{Emissary Panda – A potential new malicious tool}}, date = {2018-05-18}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2018/may/emissary-panda-a-potential-new-malicious-tool/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } Emissary Panda – A potential new malicious tool
HttpBrowser
2018-05-09COUNT UPON SECURITYLuis Rocha
@online{rocha:20180509:malware:3ee8ecf, author = {Luis Rocha}, title = {{Malware Analysis - PlugX - Part 2}}, date = {2018-05-09}, organization = {COUNT UPON SECURITY}, url = {https://countuponsecurity.com/2018/05/09/malware-analysis-plugx-part-2/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-05} } Malware Analysis - PlugX - Part 2
PlugX
2018-04-17NCC GroupNikolaos Pantazopoulos
@online{pantazopoulos:20180417:decoding:7d5f713, author = {Nikolaos Pantazopoulos}, title = {{Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant}}, date = {2018-04-17}, organization = {NCC Group}, url = {https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2018/april/decoding-network-data-from-a-gh0st-rat-variant/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-27} } Decoding network data from a Gh0st RAT variant
Ghost RAT LuckyMouse
2018-03-16FireEyeFireEye
@online{fireeye:20180316:suspected:2a77316, author = {FireEye}, title = {{Suspected Chinese Cyber Espionage Group (TEMP.Periscope) Targeting U.S. Engineering and Maritime Industries}}, date = {2018-03-16}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2018/03/suspected-chinese-espionage-group-targeting-maritime-and-engineering-industries.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Suspected Chinese Cyber Espionage Group (TEMP.Periscope) Targeting U.S. Engineering and Maritime Industries
badflick BLACKCOFFEE CHINACHOPPER homefry murkytop SeDll Leviathan
2018-03-13Kaspersky LabsDenis Makrushin, Yury Namestnikov
@online{makrushin:20180313:time:7171143, author = {Denis Makrushin and Yury Namestnikov}, title = {{Time of death? A therapeutic postmortem of connected medicine}}, date = {2018-03-13}, organization = {Kaspersky Labs}, url = {https://securelist.com/time-of-death-connected-medicine/84315/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Time of death? A therapeutic postmortem of connected medicine
PlugX
2018-02-04COUNT UPON SECURITYLuis Rocha
@online{rocha:20180204:malware:ea0aede, author = {Luis Rocha}, title = {{MALWARE ANALYSIS – PLUGX}}, date = {2018-02-04}, organization = {COUNT UPON SECURITY}, url = {https://countuponsecurity.com/2018/02/04/malware-analysis-plugx/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } MALWARE ANALYSIS – PLUGX
PlugX
2018-02-01BitdefenderIvona Alexandra Chili, Bogdan Botezatu
@online{chili:20180201:operation:305d726, author = {Ivona Alexandra Chili and Bogdan Botezatu}, title = {{Operation PZChao: a possible return of the Iron Tiger APT}}, date = {2018-02-01}, organization = {Bitdefender}, url = {https://labs.bitdefender.com/2018/02/operation-pzchao-a-possible-return-of-the-iron-tiger-apt/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-05} } Operation PZChao: a possible return of the Iron Tiger APT
Emissary Panda LuckyMouse
2018-02-01BitdefenderBitdefender Team
@online{team:20180201:operation:e76f179, author = {Bitdefender Team}, title = {{Operation PZCHAO: Inside a highly specialized espionage infrastructure}}, date = {2018-02-01}, organization = {Bitdefender}, url = {https://labs.bitdefender.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/operation-pzchao-inside-a-highly-specialized-espionage-infrastructure/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Operation PZCHAO: Inside a highly specialized espionage infrastructure
Ghost RAT Emissary Panda
2018-01-04Malware Traffic AnalysisBrad Duncan
@online{duncan:20180104:malspam:ce2dfac, author = {Brad Duncan}, title = {{MALSPAM PUSHING PCRAT/GH0ST}}, date = {2018-01-04}, organization = {Malware Traffic Analysis}, url = {http://www.malware-traffic-analysis.net/2018/01/04/index.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-24} } MALSPAM PUSHING PCRAT/GH0ST
Ghost RAT
2017-12-20CrowdStrikeAdam Kozy
@online{kozy:20171220:end:218a388, author = {Adam Kozy}, title = {{An End to “Smash-and-Grab” and a Move to More Targeted Approaches}}, date = {2017-12-20}, organization = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/an-end-to-smash-and-grab-more-targeted-approaches/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-11} } An End to “Smash-and-Grab” and a Move to More Targeted Approaches
CHINACHOPPER
2017-12-19ProofpointDarien Huss
@online{huss:20171219:north:e5ef6da, author = {Darien Huss}, title = {{North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug: Financially motivated campaigns reveal new dimension of the Lazarus Group}}, date = {2017-12-19}, organization = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/north-korea-bitten-bitcoin-bug-financially-motivated-campaigns-reveal-new}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug: Financially motivated campaigns reveal new dimension of the Lazarus Group
Ghost RAT
2017-12-19ProofpointDarien Huss
@techreport{huss:20171219:north:b2da03e, author = {Darien Huss}, title = {{North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug}}, date = {2017-12-19}, institution = {Proofpoint}, url = {https://www.proofpoint.com/sites/default/files/pfpt-us-wp-north-korea-bitten-by-bitcoin-bug.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-18} } North Korea Bitten by Bitcoin Bug
QUICKCAFE PowerSpritz Ghost RAT PowerRatankba
2017-12-18LACYoshihiro Ishikawa
@online{ishikawa:20171218:relationship:fb13bae, author = {Yoshihiro Ishikawa}, title = {{Relationship between PlugX and attacker group "DragonOK"}}, date = {2017-12-18}, organization = {LAC}, url = {https://www.lac.co.jp/lacwatch/people/20171218_001445.html}, language = {Japanese}, urldate = {2019-11-22} } Relationship between PlugX and attacker group "DragonOK"
PlugX
2017-06-27Palo Alto Networks Unit 42Tom Lancaster, Esmid Idrizovic
@online{lancaster:20170627:paranoid:f933eb4, author = {Tom Lancaster and Esmid Idrizovic}, title = {{Paranoid PlugX}}, date = {2017-06-27}, organization = {Palo Alto Networks Unit 42}, url = {https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/06/unit42-paranoid-plugx/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Paranoid PlugX
PlugX
2017-04-27US-CERTUS-CERT
@online{uscert:20170427:alert:fdb865d, author = {US-CERT}, title = {{Alert (TA17-117A): Intrusions Affecting Multiple Victims Across Multiple Sectors}}, date = {2017-04-27}, organization = {US-CERT}, url = {https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-117A}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-11} } Alert (TA17-117A): Intrusions Affecting Multiple Victims Across Multiple Sectors
PlugX RedLeaves
2017-04-03JPCERT/CCShusei Tomonaga
@online{tomonaga:20170403:redleaves:211a123, author = {Shusei Tomonaga}, title = {{RedLeaves - Malware Based on Open Source RAT}}, date = {2017-04-03}, organization = {JPCERT/CC}, url = {http://blog.jpcert.or.jp/.s/2017/04/redleaves---malware-based-on-open-source-rat.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } RedLeaves - Malware Based on Open Source RAT
PlugX RedLeaves
2017-04PricewaterhouseCoopersPricewaterhouseCoopers
@techreport{pricewaterhousecoopers:201704:operation:cb50712, author = {PricewaterhouseCoopers}, title = {{Operation Cloud Hopper: Technical Annex}}, date = {2017-04}, institution = {PricewaterhouseCoopers}, url = {https://www.pwc.co.uk/cyber-security/pdf/cloud-hopper-annex-b-final.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-15} } Operation Cloud Hopper: Technical Annex
ChChes PlugX Quasar RAT RedLeaves Trochilus RAT
2017-02-25Financial Security InstituteKyoung-Ju Kwak (郭炅周)
@techreport{:20170225:silent:5a11e12, author = {Kyoung-Ju Kwak (郭炅周)}, title = {{Silent RIFLE: Response Against Advanced Threat}}, date = {2017-02-25}, institution = {Financial Security Institute}, url = {https://hackcon.org/uploads/327/05%20-%20Kwak.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-03-04} } Silent RIFLE: Response Against Advanced Threat
Ghost RAT
2017-02-21JPCERT/CCShusei Tomonaga
@online{tomonaga:20170221:plugx:f9e4817, author = {Shusei Tomonaga}, title = {{PlugX + Poison Ivy = PlugIvy? - PlugX Integrating Poison Ivy’s Code}}, date = {2017-02-21}, organization = {JPCERT/CC}, url = {http://blog.jpcert.or.jp/2017/02/plugx-poison-iv-919a.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } PlugX + Poison Ivy = PlugIvy? - PlugX Integrating Poison Ivy’s Code
PlugX
2017-02-13RSARSA Research
@techreport{research:20170213:kingslayer:98f4892, author = {RSA Research}, title = {{KINGSLAYER – A SUPPLY CHAIN ATTACK}}, date = {2017-02-13}, institution = {RSA}, url = {https://www.rsa.com/content/dam/pdfs/2-2017/kingslayer-a-supply-chain-attack.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } KINGSLAYER – A SUPPLY CHAIN ATTACK
CodeKey PlugX
2016-10-28Github (smb01)smb01
@online{smb01:20161028:zxshell:e4d3a5e, author = {smb01}, title = {{zxshell repository}}, date = {2016-10-28}, organization = {Github (smb01)}, url = {https://github.com/smb01/zxshell}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } zxshell repository
ZXShell
2016-10-17ThreatConnectThreatConnect
@online{threatconnect:20161017:tale:b318dae, author = {ThreatConnect}, title = {{A Tale of Two Targets}}, date = {2016-10-17}, organization = {ThreatConnect}, url = {https://www.threatconnect.com/blog/threatconnect-discovers-chinese-apt-activity-in-europe/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-02} } A Tale of Two Targets
HttpBrowser LuckyMouse
2016-08-25MalwarebytesMalwarebytes Labs
@online{labs:20160825:unpacking:66173f5, author = {Malwarebytes Labs}, title = {{Unpacking the spyware disguised as antivirus}}, date = {2016-08-25}, organization = {Malwarebytes}, url = {https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2016/08/unpacking-the-spyware-disguised-as-antivirus/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Unpacking the spyware disguised as antivirus
PlugX
2016-04-22CylanceIsaac Palmer
@online{palmer:20160422:ghost:dda6514, author = {Isaac Palmer}, title = {{The Ghost Dragon}}, date = {2016-04-22}, organization = {Cylance}, url = {https://blog.cylance.com/the-ghost-dragon}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } The Ghost Dragon
Ghost RAT
2016-01-22RSA LinkNorton Santos
@online{santos:20160122:plugx:580fcff, author = {Norton Santos}, title = {{PlugX APT Malware}}, date = {2016-01-22}, organization = {RSA Link}, url = {https://community.rsa.com/thread/185439}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-13} } PlugX APT Malware
PlugX
2015-08-05SecureworksCTU Research Team
@online{team:20150805:threat:8449b3f, author = {CTU Research Team}, title = {{Threat Group 3390 Cyberespionage}}, date = {2015-08-05}, organization = {Secureworks}, url = {http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/threat-group-3390-targets-organizations-for-cyberespionage/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-07} } Threat Group 3390 Cyberespionage
Emissary Panda Threat Group-3390
2015-08Arbor NetworksASERT Team
@online{team:201508:uncovering:121e5cf, author = {ASERT Team}, title = {{Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger}}, date = {2015-08}, organization = {Arbor Networks}, url = {https://app.box.com/s/z1uanuv1vn3vw5iket1r6bqrmlra0gpn}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-18} } Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger
9002 RAT EvilGrab PlugX Trochilus RAT Group 27
2015-02-27ThreatConnectThreatConnect Research Team
@online{team:20150227:anthem:ac7d814, author = {ThreatConnect Research Team}, title = {{The Anthem Hack: All Roads Lead to China}}, date = {2015-02-27}, organization = {ThreatConnect}, url = {https://threatconnect.com/blog/the-anthem-hack-all-roads-lead-to-china/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-06} } The Anthem Hack: All Roads Lead to China
HttpBrowser
2015-02-06CrowdStrikeCrowdStrike
@techreport{crowdstrike:20150206:crowdstrike:fbcc37f, author = {CrowdStrike}, title = {{CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014}}, date = {2015-02-06}, institution = {CrowdStrike}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20200509171721/https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fdiskyou/threat-INTel/master/2015/GlobalThreatIntelReport.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-05-11} } CrowdStrike Global Threat Intel Report 2014
BlackPOS CryptoLocker Derusbi Elise Enfal EvilGrab Gameover P2P HttpBrowser Medusa Mirage Naikon NetTraveler pirpi PlugX Poison Ivy Sakula RAT Sinowal sykipot taidoor
2015-01-29JPCERT/CCShusei Tomonaga
@online{tomonaga:20150129:analysis:0eaad95, author = {Shusei Tomonaga}, title = {{Analysis of a Recent PlugX Variant - “P2P PlugX”}}, date = {2015-01-29}, organization = {JPCERT/CC}, url = {http://blog.jpcert.or.jp/2015/01/analysis-of-a-r-ff05.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-09} } Analysis of a Recent PlugX Variant - “P2P PlugX”
PlugX
2014-10-28CiscoAndrea Allievi, Douglas Goddard, Shaun Hurley, Alain Zidouemba
@online{allievi:20141028:threat:a302fbd, author = {Andrea Allievi and Douglas Goddard and Shaun Hurley and Alain Zidouemba}, title = {{Threat Spotlight: Group 72, Opening the ZxShell}}, date = {2014-10-28}, organization = {Cisco}, url = {https://blogs.cisco.com/security/talos/opening-zxshell}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-10-15} } Threat Spotlight: Group 72, Opening the ZxShell
ZXShell
2014-06-27SophosLabsGabor Szappanos
@techreport{szappanos:20140627:plugx:e63d8bf, author = {Gabor Szappanos}, title = {{PlugX - The Next Generation}}, date = {2014-06-27}, institution = {SophosLabs}, url = {https://www.sophos.com/en-us/medialibrary/pdfs/technical%20papers/plugx-thenextgeneration.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-10} } PlugX - The Next Generation
PlugX
2014-06-10FireEyeMike Scott
@online{scott:20140610:clandestine:6d515ab, author = {Mike Scott}, title = {{Clandestine Fox, Part Deux}}, date = {2014-06-10}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2014/06/clandestine-fox-part-deux.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Clandestine Fox, Part Deux
PlugX
2014-01-22SC MagazineSteve Gold
@online{gold:20140122:iran:b9a3b8e, author = {Steve Gold}, title = {{Iran and Russia blamed for state-sponsored espionage}}, date = {2014-01-22}, organization = {SC Magazine}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20140129192702/https://www.scmagazineuk.com/iran-and-russia-blamed-for-state-sponsored-espionage/article/330401/}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-06-08} } Iran and Russia blamed for state-sponsored espionage
Emissary Panda
2014-01-06AirbusFabien Perigaud
@online{perigaud:20140106:plugx:16410d7, author = {Fabien Perigaud}, title = {{PlugX: some uncovered points}}, date = {2014-01-06}, organization = {Airbus}, url = {http://blog.airbuscybersecurity.com/post/2014/01/plugx-some-uncovered-points.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-01-08} } PlugX: some uncovered points
PlugX
2013-08-07FireEyeIan Ahl, Tony Lee, Dennis Hanzlik
@online{ahl:20130807:breaking:aff06e9, author = {Ian Ahl and Tony Lee and Dennis Hanzlik}, title = {{Breaking Down the China Chopper Web Shell - Part I}}, date = {2013-08-07}, organization = {FireEye}, url = {https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/08/breaking-down-the-china-chopper-web-shell-part-i.html}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } Breaking Down the China Chopper Web Shell - Part I
CHINACHOPPER
2013-03-29Computer Incident Response Center LuxembourgCIRCL
@techreport{circl:20130329:analysis:b3c48b0, author = {CIRCL}, title = {{Analysis Report (TLP:WHITE) Analysis of a PlugX variant (PlugX version 7.0)}}, date = {2013-03-29}, institution = {Computer Incident Response Center Luxembourg}, url = {https://circl.lu/assets/files/tr-12/tr-12-circl-plugx-analysis-v1.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-11-24} } Analysis Report (TLP:WHITE) Analysis of a PlugX variant (PlugX version 7.0)
PlugX
2012Norman ASASnorre Fagerland
@techreport{fagerland:2012:many:c938856, author = {Snorre Fagerland}, title = {{The many faces of Gh0st Rat}}, date = {2012}, institution = {Norman ASA}, url = {http://download01.norman.no/documents/ThemanyfacesofGh0stRat.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2019-12-20} } The many faces of Gh0st Rat
Ghost RAT
2011-06-29SymantecJohn McDonald
@online{mcdonald:20110629:inside:b955948, author = {John McDonald}, title = {{Inside a Back Door Attack}}, date = {2011-06-29}, organization = {Symantec}, url = {https://web.archive.org/web/20140816135909/https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/inside-back-door-attack}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-21} } Inside a Back Door Attack
Ghost RAT Dust Storm
2009-03-28Information Warfare MonitorInformation Warfare Monitor
@techreport{monitor:20090328:tracking:dffad13, author = {Information Warfare Monitor}, title = {{Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network}}, date = {2009-03-28}, institution = {Information Warfare Monitor}, url = {http://www.nartv.org/mirror/ghostnet.pdf}, language = {English}, urldate = {2020-04-23} } Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network
Ghost RAT GhostNet

Credits: MISP Project